Birding and Duding in Yucutan and Belize, July 26th to Aug 31st 2003

By Tim Allwood and Claire Stephenson.

36 Ellis Gardens, Keswick Hall, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 6RX (current) or 3 the Spinney, Belper, Derbys, DE56 1EQ (permanent contact).
Feel free to contact me about birding (or duding) in this region.

There’s no feeling like that of the roar and pull of the engines of a jet as you travel down the runway, and this year our destination was the endemism hotspot of the Yucutan peninsula in Mexico, and Belize. After last year’s epic expedition into darkest Peru we fancied a slightly more sedate trip with the chance to relax, swim, meet a few people and generally doss about with a beer or two. Plus Claire wanted to get in a week of diving so we spent the last week on Cozumel Island. This area has many endemic species and subspecies (a fair few probable splits in the pipeline) along with many more species endemic to the wider area of Central America. As usual, did hardly any night birding, preferring to watch the local football or to explore the places we stayed at and have a nice meal and a drink.

Being currently employed as teachers means we get a long summer break (about the only perk of the job!) that enables us to take a lengthy holiday. This means you can relax, explore and really get to know the birds you’re after. We spent several days at most sites and managed to see nearly all the endemics, often repeatedly and eventually with excellent views. I don’t really care for long reports (and you don’t really care what I had for lunch or where exactly I saw the first Yucutan Woodpecker etc.) so I’ll keep it brief.


Food was good and cheap. Tacos, fajitas and quesadillas etc. are everywhere. Spicy and filling. Ceviches are good but not as amazing as elsewhere in South America. Beer is excellent and cheap – take back empties for a refund on the bottle. Sol, Superior and Corona were all excellent. Buses run on nearly all the roads, several times a day, so you can get around easily. Belizean food and drink not great but cheap and tasty enough. Hotels were all fine, some very good value – check other reports for recommendations. We just polled up at the first likely looking place and weren’t disappointed. Drank tap water after we’d iodined it and had no problems. Mosquitos and sand flies were not much of a problem either.

Used Steve Howell and Sophie Webb’s 1996 field guide – excellent as expected. National Geographic North American guide also useful, and much lighter than Sibley. Didn’t take a scope again and didn’t really need it as it’s mostly forest birding. No tapes were used during the trip although a few birds were whistled out. All birds founds and identified by myself and Claire. Propelling pencil and notebook essential.

Watch out for:

Claire was lucky enough to get a Bot Fly (see Howell’s birdfinding guide 1999 p.16) but I think we got it at an early stage. It hasn’t surfaced yet but I’m writing this only three days after we treated it. Dogs were a pain in the backside, often quite agressive. If you show no fear and chuck a brick or two they generally slink away but one or two might need more persuasion and a couple around the Hotel Presidente grid on Cozumel were particlarly good for testing your nerve.....! Fer-de-Lances are present in Cockscomb so be careful if you go off trail. Belize City at night was ‘interesting’. Watch how you go here after dark.

Sites visited in Mexico (all Mexican sites are well covered by Howell 1999):

Alfredo Barrera Marin Botanical Garden (nr Puerto Morelos) (BG)

Doesn’t open till 9.00 a.m. Good place to get started and get used to the heat. Lots of Mozzies. 70 pesos to get in. The marshes between Puerto Morelos and the main road are good birding. I also explored the tracks opposite and the rubbish dump – both good. Puerto Morelos was a very nice place to stay. Right on the waterfront, lots of terns, gulls and frigbirds etc and you can Snorkel or dive here cheaply too.

Coba. (CO)

Ruins site. Opens early so you can get in and bird there. Good forest. Lake has Ruddy Crake. Had to stay in expensive hotel as only other was full. Very nice though with a good pool. Some good trails lead off well into the forest.

Chichen Itza. (CH)

Ruins site. Opens at 8.00 a.m. Gets well crowded. Not bad forest. The large pyramid structure is good for views of swallows early on. Possible to get away from the crowds and quite birdy too. Stayed in Piste about 1km away. Lots of good cheap restaurants and hotels.

Rio Lagartos. (RL)

Perhaps our favourite place. Site of the asteroid impact that did for the dinosaurs 65 million years ago – not many people know that! – Hotel right on waterfront, terns, gulls, ibis, egrets all fly by constantly. After a hurricane two years ago it’s now very wet all round town. Fantastic birding around and south of town. Boat-billed Herons can be seen behind the bus station!, and the fields were full of waders. Also, there are a couple of really nice birders who run birding trips up the river. They’re called Ismael and Diego and are very keen and knowledgeable. Find them at Restaurant Isla Contoy in town. Ismael took us up river to see the flamingos and we had a great day, lots of wonderful birds, swimming in a saline lagoon, getting a mud bath etc. The flamingo area around Las Coloradas is also very good for American wader and you can obtain excellent close views from the boat. He also just did some casual birding with us and was good company. They both care about the place and are involved in lots of good greening schemes etc. Give them your business.

Felipe Carillo Puerto. (FCP)

Excellent forest site. You can walk from town. The first 2-3 kms are enough (I had a toucan right outside town!)

The traditional birders place Faisan y Venado was great value with fridge, A.C. and cable tv for US$20.

Cozumel. (CI)

Popular with American tourists (but nice nonetheless!) Four endems and several more on the way probably. Very easy birding – got the emerald within touching distance from our Hotel Window on several occassions. Claire did a lot of diving with Deep Blue Divers and they were very good. Saw a couple of massive Green Turtles haul out and egg lay here courtesy of the boss, who took us out one evening to a turtle beach. It was mind-blowing, one of the best things I’ve seen. Do it if you get a chance. Bello Caribe and Presidente grid both good and most birds found readily. A good trail runs from Bello Caribe area along beach past a marshy pool and along mangroves – loaded with Golden Warblers. Oh yeah, world class diving too.

Sites visited in Belize:

Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary. (CT)

Good for the savanna stuff. Not a great deal of waterbirds but they’re all at Rio Lagartos anyway. Very relaxed place with great locals. Wildlife centre run by Steve Tillet is good for info. Stayed with Owen and Maggie Raeburn – the local pastor and his wife. Cheap and with a hammock on the balcony which you can bird from. Got a few good birds lying in there! Just wander around the village and its environs, the birds will find you.

Cockscomb Basin Jaguar Reserve. (CJP)

Excellent rain forest and trails like motorways. Take your own food and cook in the kitchens. Cheap dorms. Easy neotropical birding. Very quiet and peaceful. There are two beautiful swimming pools/waterfalls which are great after a morning’s birding. The longer trails into primary forest were better but all were good. You can hire an inner tube and float down the river when you’ve had enough birding. Time it right (8 a.m.) and you should get Toucan’s and Aracari’s from the start point.

Caye Caulker. (CC)

Nice tropical island. Mostly duding but got some good stuff there. Good value and the food is excellent, especially if you’re into lobster. It’s tiny so just wander around.

Notes on a few birds:

If you’ve done a fair bit of rain forest birding you’ll find most sites and birds here fairly straight forward. However, I found orioles to be incredibly difficult as they were hard to view and immature males often show orangey backs making i.d. very tricky and females were just a nightmare unless seen exceptionally well. I only saw Orange Oriole for certain at Chichen Itza and the Botanical Gardens despite being in habitat for a few weeks – I wonder if these get strung a lot? It’d be very easy to do.

Yucutan Flycatcher is easy when you’ve seen one! Very distinctive compared to other Myiarchus.I only saw three though.....

Tinamous will eventually appear to you if you put the time in. If you only have a few days you’d better cross your fingers! Cockscomb excellent for seeing Greats

Toucans can be found at Cockscomb across from the River Lookout early a.m. in Cecropias.

Yucutan Parrots were scarce too with birds definitely seen only at Coba.

Only real dip was Yucutan Wren. The areas mentioned in Howell are now pretty useless due to the flooding from the recent hurricane as this killed a lot of the cactii. Ismael will give you a site though. I was having such a good time watching the waterbirds though that I couldn’t be bothered to spend an afternoon getting very hot looking for one bird.

Otherwise, if you want good views it’s mostly a matter of time and effort in the right place. Good Luck.

Systematic List. Sorry, but it’s not Sibley and Monroe as I couldn’t find a Sibley and Monroe ordered Mexican list on the net. Follows most recent AOU list I could find (7th) with a few changes, mostly the inclusion of additional mexican species as given in Howell (1996). If you’re a Sibley/Monroe fan this may seem a little odd in places. A few Cozumel ‘forms’ are also included with the prefix ‘Cozumel’ Numbers are given only if fewer than 10 individuals were seen. There may be a few minor errors as I’ve completed this in rather a short amount of time.
Tinamus major Great Tinamou. CJP
Crypturellus soui Little Tinamou. 2 CJP
Crypturellus cinnamomeus Thicket Tinamou. 2 BG
Crypturellus boucardi Slaty-breasted Tinamou. 1 CJP
Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling-Duck. RL, CT
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal. 1 RL
Ortalis vetula Plain Chachalaca.
Penelope purpurascens Crested Guan. CJP
Colinus nigrogularis Yucutan Bobwhite. 4 RL
Tachybaptus dominicus Least Grebe. 4
Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican.
Phalacrocorax brasilianus Neotropic Cormorant.
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant.
Anhinga anhinga Anhinga. 1 RL
Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird.
Tigrisoma mexicanum Bare-throated Tiger-Heron. 5 RL
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron.
Ardea alba Great Egret.
Egretta thula Snowy Egret.
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron.
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron.
Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret. RL
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret.
Butorides virescens Green Heron.
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron.  2 RL, CT
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron. 1 RL
Cochlearius cochlearius Boat-billed Heron. 10 RL, CT
Eudocimus albus White Ibis.
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis.
Platalea ajaja Roseate Spoonbill. RL
Mycteria americana Wood Stork.
Coragyps atratus Black Vulture.
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture.
Cathartes burrovianus Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture. RL
Phoenicopterus ruber American Flamingo. RL
Pandion haliaetus Osprey.
Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite. 4 CJP, CT
Elanus leucurus White-tailed Kite. 1 CT
Rostrhamus sociabilis Snail Kite. CT
Busarellus nigricollis Black-collared Hawk. 3 CT
Leucopternis albicollis White Hawk. 1 CJP
Asturina nitida Gray Hawk. 4
Buteogallus anthracinus Common Black-Hawk. RL
Buteogallus urubitinga Great Black-Hawk. 2 RL
Buteo magnirostris Roadside Hawk.
Buteo albicaudatus White-tailed Hawk. 3
Micrastur semitorquatus Collared Forest-Falcon. 1 FCP
Caracara cheriway Crested Caracara. RL
Falco femoralis Aplomado Falcon. 2 CT
Laterallus ruber Ruddy Crake. CO
Aramides cajanea Gray-necked Wood-Rail.
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen.
Aramus guarauna Limpkin.
Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover.
Charadrius wilsonia Wilson’s Plover. RL
Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover. RL
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer. RL
Haematopus palliatus American Oystercatcher. 4 RL
Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt. RL
Jacana spinosa Northern Jacana. RL
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs. RL
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs. RL
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper. RL
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Willet. RL
Actitis macularia Spotted Sandpiper. RL
Numenius americanus Long-billed Curlew. 1 CC
Limosa fedoa Marbled Godwit. RL
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone. RL
Calidris canutus Red Knot. RL
Calidris pusilla Semipalmated Sandpiper. RL
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper. RL,CC
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper. RL,CC
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper. RL,CC
Calidris himantopus Stilt Sandpiper. RL
Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher. RL
Larus atricilla Laughing Gull.
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull.
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern.
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern. 3 RL
Sterna elegans Elegant Tern.
Sterna sandvicensis Sandwich Tern.
Sterna antillarum Least Tern. 4 RL
Chlidonias niger Black Tern. 2 RL
Columba livia Rock Pigeon.
Patagioenas cayennensis Pale-vented Pigeon.
Patagioenas speciosa Scaled Pigeon. 1 CJP
Patagioenas leucocephala White-crowned Pigeon.
Patagioenas flavirostris Red-billed Pigeon.
Patagioenas nigrirostris Short-billed Pigeon. 2 CJP
Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove.
Zenaida aurita Zenaida Dove. CI
Columbina passerina Common Ground-Dove. CI
Columbina talpacoti Ruddy Ground-Dove.
Leptotila verreauxi White-tipped Dove.
Leptotila rufaxilla Gray-fronted Dove.
Leptotila jamaicensis Caribbean Dove. CI
Leptotila cassini Gray-chested Dove.
Geotrygon montana Ruddy Quail-Dove. 2
Aratinga astec Aztec Parakeet.
Pionopsitta haematotis Brown-hooded Parrot. CJP
Pionus senilis White-crowned Parrot. FCP
Amazona xantholora Yucutan Parrot. CO
Amazona autumnalis Red-lored Parrot.
Amazona farinosa Mealy Parrot. CJP
Coccyzus minor Mangrove Cuckoo. RL
Piaya cayana Squirrel Cuckoo.
Geococcyx velox Lesser Roadrunner. 3 RL
Crotophaga sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani.
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl. 1 CJP
Glaucidium brasilianum Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl.
Chordeiles acutipennis Lesser Nighthawk. RL
Nyctidromus albicollis Common Pauraque.
Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus Yucatan Poorwill. 3 FCP
Chaetura vauxi Vaux’s Swift.
Phaethornis  superciliosus Long-tailed Hermit. 2 CJP
Pygmornis longuemareus Little Hermit. 2 CJP
Campylopterus curvipennis Wedge-tailed Sabrewing.
Campylopterus hemileucurus Violet Sabrewing. 4 CJP
Florisuga mellivora White-necked Jacobin. 1 CJP
Anthracothorax prevostii Green-breasted Mango.
Chlorostilbon forficatus Cozumel Emerald. CI
Chlorostilbon canivetii Canivet's Emerald. 2
Amazilia candida White-bellied Emerald.
Amazilia tzacatl Rufous-tailed Hummingbird. CJP
Amazilia yucatanensis Buff-bellied Hummingbird.
Amazilia rutila Cinnamon Hummingbird.
Doricha eliza Mexican Sheartail. 2 RL
Trogon melanocephalus Black-headed Trogon.
Trogon violaceus Violaceous Trogon. 2
Momotus momota Blue-crowned Motmot.
Eumomota superciliosa Turquoise-browed Motmot.
Ceryle torquata Ringed Kingfisher.
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher.
Chloroceryle amazona Amazon Kingfisher. 2
Galbula ruficauda Rufous-tailed Jacamar. 5 CJP
Pteroglossus torquatus Collared Aracari. 10 CJP,FCP
Ramphastos sulfuratus Keel-billed Toucan. 6 CJP,FCP
Melanerpes formicivorus Acorn Woodpecker. CT
Melanerpes pucherani Black-cheeked Woodpecker. 4
Melanerpes aurifrons Golden-fronted Woodpecker.
Picoides scalaris Ladder-backed Woodpecker.
Veniliornis fumigatus Smoky-brown Woodpecker. 2
Piculus rubiginosus Golden-olive Woodpecker. 1
Celeus castaneus Chestnut-colored Woodpecker. 1
Dryocopus lineatus Lineated Woodpecker.
Campephilus guatemalensis Pale-billed Woodpecker. 2 CJP
Synallaxis erythrothorax Rufous-breasted Spinetail. CJP
Automolus ochrolaemus Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner.
Xenops minutus Plain Xenops. 3
Dendrocincla homochroa Ruddy Woodcreeper. 5 BG
Sittasomus griseicapillus Olivaceous Woodcreeper.
Glyphorynchus spirurus Wedge-billed Woodcreeper. 2
Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Ivory-billed Woodcreeper. 
Thamnophilus doliatus Barred Antshrike.
Dysithamnus mentalis Plain Antvireo. 1 CJP
Microrhopias quixensis Dot-winged Antwren. CJP
Formicarius moniliger Mexican Antthrush. 2 CJP
Camptostoma imberbe Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet. 2
Myiopagis viridicata Greenish Elaenia. 1
Elaenia martinica Caribbean Elaenia. CI
Elaenia flavogaster Yellow-bellied Elaenia.
Leptopogon superciliaris Slaty-capped Flycatcher.
Oncostoma cinereigulare Northern Bentbill. 2
Poecilotriccus sylvia Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher. 1 CJP
Todirostrum cinereum Common Tody-Flycatcher.
Rhynchocyclus brevirostris Eye-ringed Flatbill. 1
Tolmomyias sulphurescens Yellow-olive Flycatcher.
Platyrinchus cancrominus Stub-tailed Spadebill. 1 CJP
Myiobius sulphureipygius Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher. 1 CJP
Contopus cinereus Tropical Pewee.
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher.
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher.
Attila spadiceus Bright-rumped Attila. 1 CJP
Myiarchus yucatanensis Yucatan Flycatcher. 3 CI,FCP,BG
Myiarchus tuberculifer Dusky-capped Flycatcher.
Myiarchus tyrannulus Brown-crested Flycatcher.
Pitangus sulphuratus Great Kiskadee.
Megarynchus pitangua Boat-billed Flycatcher. 1 CO
Myiozetetes similis Social Flycatcher.
Myiodynastes maculatus Streaked Flycatcher. 2 FCP
Myiodynastes luteiventris Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher.
Tyrannus melancholicus Tropical Kingbird.
Tyrannus couchii Couch's Kingbird.
Tyrannus savana Fork-tailed Flycatcher. CT
Schiffornis turdinus Thrush-like Schiffornis. 1 CJP
Pachyramphus major Gray-collared Becard. 2 CJP
Pachyramphus aglaiae Rose-throated Becard.
Tityra semifasciata Masked Tityra. 6
Tityra inquisitor Black-crowned Tityra. 6
Manacus candei White-collared Manakin. CJP
Pipra mentalis Red-capped Manakin. CJP
Vireo pallens Mangrove Vireo.
Vireo bairdi Cozumel Vireo. CI
Vireo flavoviridis Yellow-green Vireo.
Vireo magister Yucatan Vireo.
Hylophilus ochraceiceps Tawny-crowned Greenlet.
Hylophilus decurtatus Lesser Greenlet.
Vireolanius pulchellus Green Shrike-Vireo. 1 CJP
Cyclarhis gujanensis Rufous-browed Peppershrike.
Cyclarhis gujanensis insularis Cozumel Rufous-browed Peppershrike 1 CI
Cyanocorax yncas Green Jay.
Cyanocorax morio Brown Jay.
Cyanocorax yucatanicus Yucatan Jay.
Progne subis Purple Martin.
Progne chalybea Gray-breasted Martin.
Tachycineta albilinea Mangrove Swallow. CT
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow.
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Southern Rough-winged Swallow.
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow.
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow. 3 CI
Petrochelidon fulva Cave Swallow. CH
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow.
Thryothorus maculipectus Spot-breasted Wren.
Thryothorus albinucha White-browed Wren. FCP
Troglodytes musculus Southern House Wren.
Uropsila leucogastra White-bellied Wren.
Henicorhina leucosticta White-breasted Wood-Wren. CJP
Ramphocaenus melanurus Long-billed Gnatwren. 1 CJP
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher.
Polioptila albiloris White-lored Gnatcatcher. RL
Turdus grayi Clay-colored Robin.
Melanoptila glabrirostris Black Catbird. CC,CI
Mimus gilvus Tropical Mockingbird.
Dendroica petechia aestiva Yellow Warbler.
Dendroica petechia bryanti MangroveWarbler RL
Dendroica petechia rufivertex Golden Warbler CI
Dendroica graciae Grace’s Warbler. 3 CT
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler 4
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler. BG,CI
Helmitheros vermivorus Worm-eating Warbler. 1 CI
Seiurus motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush. 4 CJP
Oporornis formosus Kentucky Warbler. 2
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat. 3
Geothlypis poliocephala Gray-crowned Yellowthroat. 4
Wilsonia citrina Hooded Warbler. 1
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat. 1 CI
Granatellus sallaei Gray-throated Chat. 2 FCP
Coereba flaveola Bananaquit.
Coereba flaveola caboti Cozumel Bananaquit. CI
Euphonia affinis Scrub Euphonia. 4
Euphonia hirundinacea Yellow-throated Euphonia. 3
Euphonia gouldi Olive-backed Euphonia. 4
Spindalis zena benedicti Stripe-headed Tanager CI
Habia rubica Red-crowned Ant-Tanager.
Habia fuscicauda Red-throated Ant-Tanager.
Piranga roseogularis Rose-throated Tanager. 1 FCP
Ramphocelus sanguinolentus Crimson-collared Tanager. CJP
Ramphocelus passerinii Scarlet-rumped Tanager. CJP
Thraupis episcopus Blue-gray Tanager.
Thraupis abbas Yellow-winged Tanager.
Tangara larvata Golden-hooded Tanager. 2 CJP
Cyanerpes cyaneus Red-legged Honeycreeper.
Volatinia jacarina Blue-black Grassquit.
Sporophila torqueola White-collared Seedeater.
Oryzoborus funereus Thick-billed Seed-Finch. 4 CJP
Amaurospiza concolor Blue Seedeater.
Tiaris olivacea Yellow-faced Grassquit.
Arremon aurantiirostris Orange-billed Sparrow. 6 CJP
Arremonops rufivirgatus Olive Sparrow.
Arremonops chloronotus Green-backed Sparrow. 1 CO
Aimophila botterii Botteri’s Sparrow. 1 RL
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow. 6 CT
Saltator coerulescens Grayish Saltator. 2
Saltator maximus Buff-throated Saltator.
Saltator atriceps Black-headed Saltator.
Caryothraustes poliogaster Black-faced Grosbeak. 2 CJP
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal.
Cyanocompsa cyanoides Blue-black Grosbeak.
Cyanocompsa parellina Blue Bunting. 4 FCP
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting. 1 RL
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird.
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark. 1 RL
Dives dives Melodious Blackbird.
Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle.
Molothrus aeneus Bronzed Cowbird.
Molothrus oryzivorus Giant Cowbird.
Icterus prosthemelas Black-cowled Oriole. 7 BG,CJP
Icterus cucullatus Hooded Oriole.
Icterus mesomelas Yellow-tailed Oriole. 2 CT
Icterus auratus Orange Oriole. 4 CH,BG
Icterus gularis Altamira Oriole.
Amblycercus holosericeus Yellow-billed Cacique.
Psarocolius montezuma Montezuma Oropendola. CJP


Howell, S.N.G. and Webb, S. (1996) A guide to the birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press.

Howell, S.N.G. (1999) Where to watch birds in Mexico. Helm: London.

Various (1987) Field guide to the birds of North America. National Geographic Society.