Trip Report: Java and Bali (Indonesia), December 22, 1996 - January 16, 1997

Lawrie Conole, 2/45 Virginia Street, Newtown Vic 3220, Australia;

Nomenclature & sequence follows:

Other references:

* = feral
E = endemic to Java/Bali

Timeline, accommodation, transport & costs:

22 December

Flew Qantas, Melbourne to Jakarta (direct). Met Daniel Philippe (French expat), went birding at Muara Anke in Jakarta until dusk. Birding highlights: Milky Stork, 9 species of bittern/heron/egret, Peregrine Falcon (migrant race), Ruddy-breasted Crake (probable), Plain Prinia, Zitting Cisticola, Black Drongo, Pied Fantail.

23 December

Spent from 23 December to 9 January in Jawa Barat (West Java province). Birded Daniel's garden at first light. Driven to Bogor later in the morning, and met Bas van Balen (BirdLife International). Stayed with Louise Shilton (British expat, PhD student).

24 December

Birded Kebun Raya Bogor (botanical gardens) in the morning. Birding highlights: Oriental Hobby, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Hill Blue Flycatcher, Black-crowned Night Heron (colony of circa 1,000 birds).

In the afternoon Louise and I went by public minibus from Bogor to Pelabuhan Ratu on south coast, to see the mass flyout of bats from Goa Lalai (cave). Bus trip cost about Rp. 2.500 each, one way, and took about 3 hours. Birding highlights: Pacific Swallow, White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Peregrine Falcon (Sunda race). Two million Wrinkle-lipped Bats Tadarida plicata exiting Goa Lalai was an awesome wildlife spectacle. Stayed in Penginapan Simpang Pojok (Rp.10.000 each, clean & simple); hired ojek (motorcycle taxis), ate sensational seafood in a warung on the beach.

25 December

Selamat Hari Natal (Merry Christmas). Travelled back to Bogor. Had Christmas Dinner.

26-28 December

Travelled from Bogor to Carita (via Cilegon) on west coast by public bus and Colt. Total cost about Rp.7.000. Stayed at Penginapan Pondok Betah inside Resor Pantai Carita (exorbitant but very friendly and comfortable, Rp.30.000 a night). Birding highlights: Savanna Nightjar, Large-tailed Nightjar.

Locations Mentioned in Text:

1. Jakarta (Muara Anke). 2. Cibodas/Gunung Gede-Pangrango. 3. Pelabuhan Ratu. 4. Carita (Curug Gendang). 5. Pangandaran. 6. Yogyakarta (Candi Borobudur).. [PS: Bogor is between Jakarta and Cibodas; Segara Anakan is just east of Pangandaran.]

On the second day it rained all day; did very little at Carita. Birding highlights: Streaked Weaver. Refused entry to Cerug Gendang (waterfall reserve) by PHPA guard, on advice that the track was washed out.

Third day, Daniel Philippe came down from Jakarta, and got us past the guard with his excellent language skills. Birded Cerug Gendang (lowland rainforest). Birding highlights: Grey-rumped Treeswift, Ruby-cheeked Sunbird, Javan Sunbird, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Chestnut-breasted Malkoha, Greater Green Leafbird, Blue-winged Leafbird, Little Spiderhunter, Grey-cheeked Bulbul, (Javan Lutung). Returned to Jakarta with Daniel.

29 December

Day trip to Gunung Gede-Pangrango at Cibodas. Birding highlights: Sunda Whistling Thrush, Flame-fronted Barbet, Pygmy Tit, Blue Nuthatch, Sunda Minivet, Orange-spotted Bulbul, Sunda Bulbul, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, White-browed Shortwing, Siberian Thrush, Eyebrowed Wren Babbler, Chestnut-fronted Shrike Babbler, Mountain Leaf Warbler, Indigo Flycatcher, White-bibbed Babbler, Crescent-chested Babbler, Mugimaki Flycatcher, Rufous-tailed Fantail, White-flanked Sunbird, (Javan Gibbon). Returned to Bogor.

30-31 December 1996, 1-2 January 1997

Birded Kebun Raya Bogor. Birding highlights: Orange-headed Thrush, Black-naped Fruit Dove, Coppersmith Barbet.

Birded Kebun Raya Bogor again, this time from 05:00 - 07:30, with Bas van Balen. Counted incoming Black-crowned Night Herons at dawn (circa 1,000 estimated). Birding highlights: Collared Scops Owl, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Orange-headed Thrush, Black-winged Flycatcher Shrike, Ashy Drongo. Went to a private New Year party.

Selamat Tahun Baru (Happy New Year). First 10 birds of 1997: Glossy (Linchi) Swiftlet, Scaly-breasted Munia, Oriental White-Eye, Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker, Sooty-headed Bulbul, Olive-backed Tailorbird, Javan Munia, Plaintive Cuckoo, Bar-winged Prinia, Edible-nest Swiftlet.

3-6 January

Went by Colt minibus to Cibodas (cost about Rp. 3.000). Stayed at Freddy's Homestay; can't remember how much it cost, but not much, and Freddy's is very comfortable and clean. The food is basic, but quite good, and they'll look after your belly - no dodgy water or unpeeled vegies here. Also try Rika's (Freddy's daughter) stall up the road - the nasi rames is sensational (mine included fried tempeh, ayam goreng and nasi gudeg).

It rained more or less non-stop for 21/2 days until a relatively clear spell on 5 January. Unfortunately PHPA closed the Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and I had to make do with birding in the Kebun Raya Cibodas, the hinterland of Cibodas, and the lower fringes of the park. Freddy's son Eddy is a very useful guide, and I retained his services for two mornings of birding in the gardens in amongst the showers. I also birded in overgrown gardens between the Cibodas golf course and the Parawisata Cibodas. Travelled by Birding highlights: Sunda Forktail, Blue Whistling Thrush, Sunda Whistling Thrush, Black Eagle, Pale Blue Flycatcher, Pygmy Tit, Snowy-browed Flycatcher, Spotted Kestrel, Brown-throated Barbet, Grey Wagtail, Grey-cheeked Tit Babbler, Long-billed Spiderhunter, White-bellied Fantail, Plain Flowerpecker, Sunda Robin, Chestnut-capped Thrush, Malayan Night Heron, Eastern Crowned Warbler, (Malayan Colugo, Javan Surili, Leopard Cat).

7-9 January

Travelled from Bandung to Pangandaran. Entry to the Pangandaran resort area cost Rp.3.000 if you arrive from the terminal bis (bus station) on foot or in a becak (pedicab) or similar; apparently lots more if in a car. I chose to stay in great luxury at off-peak rates in Villa Angela for about Rp.20.000 per night, but there are losmen, penginapan and other cheaper accommodation houses. The becak drivers will pick you up from the bus and take you to where they know they'll get a bonus, but the deals are often pretty good, particularly in the off-season. Birded the park (Taman Wisata Pananjung Pangandaran), and gardens around the villa. Part of the park (the best bit) is closed with a barbed wire and rattan fence to general visitors, and cannot be entered (legally) but for approved researchers, or by tourists with a paid guide. I elected to stay out, but keen twitchers might see fit to pay to get in, or to trespass. The Long-tailed Macaques (monyet) are very abundant and aggressive in the park, so keep your eye on them.

Birding highlights: Christmas Frigatebird, Lesser Frigatebird, Crested Serpent Eagle, Black-crested Bulbul, Rhinoceros Hornbill, 4 species of swiftlets, 2 species of crows, Blue-eared Barbet, Black-banded Barbet, 4 species of sunbirds, Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker, (Black Giant Squirrel).

9 January

Spent from 9 to 12 January in Jawa Tengah (Central Java province). Went by bus, ferry and bus from Pangandaran to Yogyakarta, via Segara Anakan.

Birding highlights: Stork-billed Kingfisher, Black-capped Kingfisher, Javan Coucal, Bronze-winged Jacana, 9 species of egret/heron including Great-billed Heron, Milky Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Lesser Whistling Duck, Copper-throated Sunbird, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, (Hairy-nosed Otter).

10 -12 January

Did the tourist thing in Yogyakarta, including a trip to the massive Buddhist stupa of Candi Borobudur, where the birding was reasonable in the surrounding gardens. Stayed at a couple of very cheap and reasonable losmen.

Birding highlights: Javan Kingfisher, Small Minivet, Coppersmith Barbet, Chestnut Munia.

12 - 16 January

Travelled by bus and ferry through Jawa Timur (East Java province) and on to Bali. Lounged around north Bali from a base at Hotel Khi Khi (cheap & comfortable, good restaurants galore) in Kalibukbuk (Lovina Beach). Visited edges of Taman Nasional Bali Barat, and spent half a day at Kebun Raya Bedugul (Bali botanical gardens). Birding highlights: Cinnamon Bittern, Black-thighed Falconet, Tiger Shrike, Racket-tailed Treepie, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Black Eagle, Mountain White-Eye, Crested Serpent-Eagle, Arctic Warbler, Javan Owlet, Brown (Indonesian) Honeyeater, Pied Bushchat, Russet Bush Warbler, Chestnut-winged Cuckoo.

17 January

Flew out of Denpasar at 01:50 in the morning; Qantas flight direct to Melbourne.

Species accounts:

1. EChestnut-bellied Partridge (Puyuh gonggong jawa) Arborophila javanica
Javan endemic. One bird seen in lower part of Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

2. Red Junglefowl (Ayam hutan merah) Gallus gallus
Ubiquitous semi-feral and domesticated birds, but a few "wild".

3. Lesser Whistling-duck (Belibis kecil) Dendrocygna javanica
Two groups of three birds each seen at Segara Anakan.

4. Sunda Teal (Itik kelabu) Anas gibberifrons
Abundant at Muara Anke, Jakarta, but not seen elsewhere.

5. Rufous Piculet (Caladi tikus) Sasia abnormis
One bird in Kebun Raya Cibodas, on the edge of the Gunung Gede-Pangrango forest area. Foraging in the canopy.

6. Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker (Caladi ulam) Dendrocopos macei
Occurs on Java and in mainland SE Asia, but not elsewhere in the Greater Sundas. A pair seen at Kebun Raya Bogor, and one at Candi Borobudur. Both locations are exotic gardens.

7. EBrown-throated Barbet (Bututut) Megalaima corvina
Javan endemic. Abundant at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and along the forest edge of Kebun Raya Cibodas. The Indonesian name is onomatopoeic, and bututut is one of the characteristic sounds of the mountain forest.

8. EBlack-banded Barbet (Tulung tumpuk) Megalaima javensis
Javan endemic. A few heard at Curug Gendang (Carita). More common at Pangandaran, where a few were seen in Indian Almond trees near the seashore in the reserve.

9. EFlame-fronted Barbet (Tohtor) Megalaima armillaris
Java/Bali endemic. Abundant at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and along the edge of Kebun Raya Cibodas.

10. Blue-eared Barbet (Tengeret) Megalaima australis
A few heard at Curug Gendang (Carita). More common at Pangandaran, where a few were seen.

11. Coppersmith Barbet (Ungkut-ungkut) Megalaima haemacephala
Abundant at Kebun Raya Bogor and Candi Borobudur. Very easy to observe at Borobudur.

12. Rhinoceros Hornbill (Rangkong) Buceros rhinoceros
A pair seen briefly at Pangandaran, in beach forest adjacent to mangroves.

13. Blue-eared Kingfisher (Burung udang belau) Alcedo meninting
Several in Kebun Raya Bogor.

14. Cerulean Kingfisher (Burung udang biru) Alcedo coerulescens
Abundant at Muara Anke.

15. Stork-billed Kingfisher (Burung raja udang) Halcyon capensis
Three birds seen from the Kalipucang-Cilacap ferry, in mangrove forest downstream from Segara Anakan, a kilometre or so from the town of Ujungalang (see table 1). Several spectacular dives from flight, right in front of the boat, were observed. A very impressive bird.

16. Black-capped Kingfisher (Cekakak cina) Halcyon pileata
One bird observed in the same area as the Stork-billed Kingfishers. This bird was perched in a mangrove tree on the edge of the water, and had black-edged feathers on the breast like the bird pictured at 388(a) in MacKinnon & Phillips (1993).

17. EJavan Kingfisher (Cekakak gunung) Halcyon cyanoventris
Java/Bali endemic. A near religious experience - one seen from the bottom step of Candi Borobudur. One of the most striking birds I've ever seen.

18. Sacred Kingfisher (Cekakak suci) Todiramphus sanctus
One at Muara Anke. Should have migrated South well before now.

19. Collared Kingfisher (Cekakak) Todiramphus chloris
Abundant in many parts of Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah and Bali. Seen in mangroves, parks and gardens.

20. Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Kirik-kirik) Merops leschenaulti
A couple of birds foraging around padi at Kalibukbuk-Lovina.

21. Chestnut-winged Cuckoo (Bubut jambul) Clamator coromandus
One bird seen perched on a wire over padi and gardens South of Ubud.

22. Oriental Cuckoo (Set gunggung) Cuculus saturatus
Several heard in Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and observed in Kebun Raya Cibodas.

23. Plaintive Cuckoo (Wiwik kelabu) Cacomantis merulinus
Heard calling at several places, such as Bogor (at night), Kebun Raya Bogor, Jakarta, Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and Kebun Raya Cibodas. No sightings.

24. Rusty-breasted Cuckoo (Burung uncuing) Cacomantis sepulcralis
One observed in Jakarta, and one in Kebun Raya Bogor.

25. Asian Koel (Tuwur) Eudynamys scolopacea
Heard in Jakarta; one seen.

26. Chestnut-breasted Malkoha (Kadalan) Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
One bird seen at Curug Gendang (Carita).

27. EJavan Coucal (Bubut hitam) Centropus nigrorufus
One bird observed in an area of young mangrove, bamboo and nipah palm, from the Kalipucang-Cilacap ferry (see table 1). An absolutely stunning bird; the purplish sheen in strong light is astounding. The endemic Javan Coucal is now extremely rare on Java; Muara Anke in Jakarta and Segara Anakan are two of only about five places where it can still be seen with any certainty.

28. *Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Kakatua jambul kuning) Cacatua sulphurea
One feral bird at Muara Anke.

29. *Salmon-crested Cockatoo Cacatua moluccensis
One feral bird at Kebun Raya Bogor.

30. Glossy Swiftlet (Walet sapi) Collocalia esculenta linchi
Absolutely ubiquitous in Java and Bali, in both town and country. The most abundant swiftlet at most locations, but occasionally mixed with other larger species.

31. Mossy-nest Swiftlet (Walet sarang lumut) Collocalia salangana
32. Black-nest Swiftlet (Walet sarang hitam) Collocalia maxima
At Pangandaran I set myself the task of identifying swiftlet species. Glossy Swiftlets were most abundant during the middle of the day, but later in the afternoon, particularly before rain, other species were common over the town, heading toward the limestone caves of the park. During one afternoon before rain I looked at about 1,000 overflying swiftlets at Pangandaran from a second story balcony, and estimated the proportions to be roughly

Linchi Edible-nest Black-nest Mossy-nest
10 : 10 : 50 : 30

Glossy Swiftlets are rather obviously the smallest, and the white belly is nearly always visible. Glossy Swiftlets appear the most slender; the others (even allowing for the optical illusion of the Glossy belly colour) appear slightly pot-bellied. It is probably also the most manoeuvrable and erratic flier (at Cibodas I saw them weaving in and around branches of a tree with epiphytic orchids, presumably picking off the small wasps generally associated with orchids). Black-nest Swiftlets, in addition to the all-over darkness and square tail, appear the stockiest and most stiff-winged fliers of the group. The Mossy-nest Swiftlet, if I am right, is about the same size as the Edible-nest, but has a darker rump and a less notched tail, but not as squared as the larger Black-nest.

33. Edible-nest Swiftlet (Walet sarang putih) Collocalia fuciphaga
Moderately abundant at some places, like Jakarta and Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Smaller numbers amongst Glossy Swiftlets at many other locations in Java and Bali.

34. Brown-backed Needletail (Kapinis jarum coklat) Hirundapus giganteus
A group of 5+ over the Terminal Bis in Bogor just before a thunderstorm on New Year's Eve, 1996.

35. Asian Palm Swift (Burung kendali) Cypsiurus balasiensis
A few seen amongst swiftlets at Cibodas, Cianjur and Pangandaran.

36. House Swift (Kapinis rumah) Apus affinis
Very abundant in Yogyakarta and several other towns of Jawa Tengah. Rarer than swiftlets in towns of Jawa Barat.

37. Grey-rumped Treeswift (Kapinis pohon) Hemiprocne longipennis
Several flying up the valleys at Curug Gendang (Carita).

38. Collared Scops Owl (Celepuk) Otus bakkamoena
Heard at Kebun Raya Bogor (call identified by Bas van Balen).

39. EJavan Owlet (Belukwatu) Glaucidium castanopterum
Java/Bali endemic. I called a pair in for a close view at Kebun Raya Bedugul, by a rather poor imitation of their trilling call.

40. Large-tailed Nightjar (Cabak maling) Caprimulgus macrurus
Observed amongst padi at Carita and palm plantation/gardens at Pangandaran.

41. Savanna Nightjar (Cabak maling kota) Caprimulgus affinis
Observed amongst padi at Carita and palm plantation/gardens at Pangandaran.

42. *Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Only seen around towns. I presume the birds were domesticated rather than truly feral.

43. Spotted Turtle Dove (Tekukur) Streptopelia chinensis
Rare in agricultural land of Jawa Barat, but relatively abundant in parts of Jawa Tengah and Bali. Many calls were traced to caged birds!!

44. Island Collared Dove (Putar) Streptopelia bitorquata
Rare in agricultural land of Jawa Barat, but relatively abundant in parts of Jawa Tengah and Bali. As for the previous species, many calls were traced to caged birds!!

45. Peaceful Dove (Perkutut) Geopelia striata
A couple seen in Kebun Raya Bogor. Apparently rather rare now.

46. Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Punai leher merah) Treron vernans
A few seen at Curug Gendang (Carita) and Kebun Raya Bogor.

47. Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon (Punai manten) Treron griseicauda
A few seen at Kebun Raya Bogor.

48. Black-naped Fruit Dove (Walik kembang) Ptilinopus melanospila
Quite abundant and easily seen at Kebun Raya Bogor. Probably heard at a few other places, such as Pangandaran.

49. Green Imperial Pigeon (Pergam hijau) Ducula aenea
Three seen at Taman Nasional Bali Barat, near Labuhan Lalang.

50. White-breasted Waterhen (Kareo) Amaurornis phoenicurus
Abundant and fairly tame around the ornamental lakes of Kebun Raya Bogor.

51. Ruddy-breasted Crake (Mata merah) Porzana fusca
One probably seen at Muara Anke, Jakarta.

52. Common Moorhen (Mandar batu) Gallinula chloropus
A couple seen at Muara Anke, Jakarta.

53. Black-tailed Godwit (Biru laut ekor hitam) Limosa limosa
One seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

54. Whimbrel (Gajahan) Numenius phaeopus
Five seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

55. Eurasian Curlew (Gajahan besar) Numenius arquata
Two seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

56. Common Greenshank (Trinil betis hijau) Tringa nebularia
Two seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

57. Wood Sandpiper (Trinil semak) Tringa glareola
Several at Muara Anke, Jakarta. Ten seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

58. Common Sandpiper (Trinil pantai) Actitis hypoleucos
Abundant at Muara Anke, Jakarta. One seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

59. Bronze-winged Jacana (Burung kenanga) Metopidius indicus
One seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1). Two or three other jacanas seen too; probably this species. The positively identified jacana was seen to land on floating vegetation (water hyacinth??), in the lee of Nusa Kambangan, opposite the wharf near where the (river) Sungai Citanduy from Kalipucang enters the Segara Anakan lagoon.

60. Grey Plover (Trulek kli-u-i) Pluvialis squatarola
Ten seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

61. Brahminy Kite (Elang bondol) Haliastur indus
One seen at Segara Anakan (see table 1).

62. White-bellied Sea Eagle (Elang laut perut putih) Haliaeetus leucogaster
A pair soaring over Pelabuhan Ratu.

63. Crested Serpent Eagle (Bido) Spilornis cheela
One seen soaring over Pangandaran, and a pair at Kebun Raya Bedugul.

64. Japanese Sparrowhawk (Elang nipon) Accipiter gularis
One seen at Muara Anke, Jakarta.

65. Black Eagle (Elang hitam) Ictinaetus malayensis
Up to three birds soaring over Cibodas at times, also over Gunung Gede-Pangrango. A pair soaring over Kebun Raya Bedugul.

66. Black-thighed Falconet (Alap-alap capung) Microhierax fringillarius
A bird flying over padi in Kalibukbuk.

67. Oriental Hobby (Alap-alap macan) Falco severus
A single bird seen early in the morning in Kebun Raya Bogor on separate occasions by Bas van Balen (pers. comm.), and by me. Rather secretive.

68. Peregrine Falcon (Alap-alap) Falco peregrinus
One bird, migrant race P. peregrinus calidus, seen at Muara Anke. One bird, Sunda race P. peregrinus ernesti, seen at Goa Lalai, Pelabuhan Ratu; hunting emerging Wrinkle-lippedFreetail-bats Tadarida (Chaerophon) plicata near dusk.

69. Spotted Kestrel (Alap-alap sapi) Falco moluccensis
A pair on the third fairway of the Cibodas golf course.

70. Darter (Pecuk ular) Anhinga melanogaster
Abundant around the airport and Muara Anke, Jakarta.

71. Little Black Cormorant (Pecuk hitam) Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Very abundant around the airport and Muara Anke, Jakarta.

72. Little Egret (Kuntul perak kecil) Egretta garzetta
Abundant in mangrove areas on Java (see count from Kalipucang-Cilacap ferry).

73. Pacific Reef Egret (Kuntul karang) Egretta sacra
Two birds seen on a rocky headland at Pangandaran.

74. Grey Heron (Cangak abu) Ardea cinerea
Many seen in various padi and marsh areas of Java.

75. Great-billed Heron (Cangak laut) Ardea sumatrana
One bird seen in mangal from the Kalipucang-Cilacap ferry.

76. Purple Heron (Cangak merah) Ardea purpurea
Seen in most parts of Jawa. Several at Muara Anke; two at Segara Anakan; individuals seen in many places.

77. Great Egret (Kuntul putih besar) Casmerodius alba
Less abundant than other white egrets. More seen at Segara Anakan than elsewhere in Java and Bali.

78. Intermediate Egret (Kuntul perak) Mesophoyx intermedia
Almost as abundant as Little Egret in Java, but less so at Segara Anakan.

79. Cattle Egret (Kuntul kerbau) Bubulcus ibis
Only a few seen. Common around Singaraja and Lovina in Bali; usually in company of Banteng in padi.

80. Javan Pond Heron (Blekok sawah) Ardeola speciosa
Very abundant heron all over Java and Bali, in padi, marshes, mangal and grassy areas.

81. Striated Heron (Kokokan laut) Butorides striatus
A few seen in mangal areas such as Muara Anke and Segara Anakan.

82. Black-crowned Night Heron (Kowak) Nycticorax nycticorax
A large colony of about 1,000 birds in Kebun Raya Bogor. Many dozens of birds at Muara Anke. Odd birds seen elsewhere such as Segara Anakan.

83. Malayan Night Heron (Kowak melayu) Gorsachius melanolophus
There was one in the Kebun Raya Bogor during my time there (Bas van Balen pers. comm.), though I failed to see it. I had very fleeting views of a juvenile bird in the top end of the Kebun Raya Cibodas, adjacent to the large bamboo groves. It was on the grass of the gardens near the forest edge, flushed when we were about 30-40 metres away, and flew up into the rainforest canopy.

84. Cinnamon Bittern (Kekondangan) Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
A stunning bird in bright sunlight. Seen at Muara Anke and Kalibukbuk.

85. Milky Stork (Blao) Mycteria cinerea
Several birds seen in the muck of Jakarta Bay next to Muara Anke. Twenty-one seen at Segara Anakan.

86. Lesser Adjutant (Bangau) Leptoptilos javanicus
Only seen at Segara Anakan; two birds amongst Milky Storks.

87. Lesser Frigatebird (Burung cikalang kecil) Fregata ariel
Hundreds of frigatebirds offshore from Pangandaran were probably mostly this species. Several birds soaring over land were definitely identified as Lesser Frigatebirds.

88. Christmas Island Frigatebird (Burung cikalang bintayung) Fregata andrewsi
At least five birds at Pangandaran were Christmas Island Frigatebirds; associating with Lesser Frigatebirds. The size difference between the two species was quite marked when they were together.

89. Brown Honeyeater (Burung isap madu australi) Lichmera indistincta limbata
Locally abundant in several high altitude places on Bali; in the Kebun Raya Bedugul, and heard from a moving vehicle at several places high up on the road from Singaraja to Ubud.

90. Golden-bellied Gerygone (Burung remetuk) Gerygone sulphurea
Very abundant in mangroves at Muara Anke and Segara Anakan. Also heard at Kebun Raya Bogor.

91. Greater Green Leafbird (Burung daun besar) Chloropsis sonnerati
Several birds in Coconut Palms in a rainforest clearing at Curug Gendang (Carita). Also in rainforest with Blue-winged Leafbirds.

92. Blue-winged Leafbird (Burung daun sayap biru) Chloropsis cochinchinensis
A couple of flocks in rainforest at Curug Gendang (Carita), with Javan Sunbirds.

93. Tiger Shrike (Bentet loreng) Lanius tigrinus
One bird on the forest edge near Labuhan Lalang, Bali Barat.

94. Long-tailed Shrike (Bentet) Lanius schach
Abundant in rank grass and scrub areas near wetlands in various parts of Java from the coast up to the hills, and on Bali. A beautiful bird, and a great songster.

95. Mangrove Whistler (Kepala tebal bakau) Pachycephala grisola
A whistler, probably this species, heard at Muara Anke. Not confirmed, as we couldn't get a clear view.

96. Racket-tailed Treepie (Cetrong) Crypsirina temia
One seen at Labuhan Lalang, Bali Barat.

97. Slender-billed Crow (Gagak hutan) Corvus enca
One bird seen on the east side of the Pangandaran peninsula.

98. Large-billed Crow (Gagak kampung) Corvus macrorhynchos
Several pairs and small groups seen around Pangandaran township and on the west side of the park.

99. White-breasted Woodswallow (Kekep) Artamus leucorynchus
A few seen at Muara Anke and Carita in Jawa Barat, and around Gilimanuk and Labuhan Lalang in Bali.

100. Black-naped Oriole (Kepodang) Oriolus chinensis
Abundant in Kebun Raya Bogor. Not seen or heard elsewhere.

101. Javan Cuckooshrike (Kapodang ungu jawa) Coracina javensis
One seen on the mangal/rainforest edge at Pangandaran.

102. Lesser Cuckooshrike (Kapodang ungu kecil) Coracina fimbriata
One seen near the town of Bedugul.

103. Small Minivet (Burung sepah kecil) Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Occurs on Java and in mainland SE Asia, but not elsewhere in the Greater Sundas. Several flocks in the gardens surrounding Candi Borobudur.

104. Sunda Minivet (Burung sepah gunung) Pericrocotus miniatus
Endemic to Sumatra and Java. A large flock seen on various occasions below the waterfall at Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Quite spectacular in flight, doing the typical minivet thing of the leapfrogging flock over the canopy.

105. Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Jingjing teureup) Hemipus hirundinaceus
Pairs seen at various locations across Jawa; from Curug Gendang (Carita), Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Kebun Raya Cibodas, Pangandaran.

106. ERufous-tailed Fantail (Kipasan merah) Rhipidura phoenicura
Javan endemic. Several in mixed flocks at Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

107. EWhite-bellied Fantail (Kipasan mutiara) Rhipidura euryura
Java/Bali endemic. Several in mixed flocks at Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

108. Pied Fantail (Kipasan) Rhipidura javanica
Abundant in Jakarta, at Muara Anke and in house gardens.

109. Black Drongo (Srigunting hitam) Dicrurus macrocercus
Seen at Muara Anke, Carita and Pangandaran.

110. Ashy Drongo (Srigunting kelabu) Dicrurus leucophaeus
Widespread: Cibodas, Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Carita, Pangandaran, Candi Borobudur, Kebun Raya Bedugul.

111. Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo (Srigunting gunung) Dicrurus remifer
Observed below the Cibeureum Waterfall in Gunung Gede-Pangrango, chasing Sunda Minivets.

112. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Saeran bandera batu) Dicrurus paradiseus
Observed at two lowland locations; Curug Gendang (Carita) and Segara Anakan. The bird at Segara Anakan flew out from mature mangrove forest with palms & bamboo, across in front of the boat, and seemingly towards the hill forest on Nusa Kambangan. This was between the lagoon proper and Di Ujungalang.

113. Common Iora (Cipoh) Aegithina tiphia
Observed at various places across Jawa and Bali; Kebun Raya Bogor, Kebun Raya Cibodas, Pangandaran, Candi Borobudur, Bali Barat and Kebun Raya Bedugul.

114. Sunda Whistling Thrush (Tiung batu kecil) Myiophonus glaucinus
Relatively abundant at Gunung Gede-Pangrango around streams from the edge of Kebun Raya Cibodas up to the waterfalls.

115. Blue Whistling Thrush (Tiung batu besar) Myiophonus caeruleus
One seen at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, below the waterfalls.

116. Chestnut-capped Thrush (Burung anis cacing) Zoothera interpres
One bird seen on the forest floor in the bamboo area of Gunung Gede-Pangrango, adjacent to the top south-east corner of Kebun Raya Cibodas. Another trip highlight!

117. Orange-headed Thrush (Burung anis merah) Zoothera citrina
Up to four or five in Kebun Raya Bogor; spectacular songster, surprisingly loud for a Zoothera.

118. Siberian Thrush (Burung anis siberia) Zoothera sibirica
A male singing near the ranger station at Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Other birds seen in regrowth scrub on old overgrown gardens in the Parawisata Cibodas.

119. Lesser Shortwing (Cingcoang merah) Brachypteryx leucophrys
Commonly heard on the lower slopes of Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Very difficult to see.

120. White-browed Shortwing (Cincoang alis putih) Brachypteryx montana
Apparently replaces the Lesser Shortwing altitudinally just below the waterfall at Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Flies across the track at times to offer tantalising glimpses.

121. Asian Brown Flycatcher (Bubik) Muscicapa dauurica
Abundant at Kebun Raya Cibodas; also seen at Kebun Raya Bogor.

122. Mugimaki Flycatcher (Sikatan gunung) Ficedula mugimaki
Several females seen, at Gunung Gede-Pangrango and Kebun Raya Cibodas.

123. Snowy-browed Flycatcher (Burung bodoh) Ficedula hyperythra
Several females, and one spectacular male, seen in Kebun Raya Cibodas.

124. Little Pied Flycatcher (Sikatan belang) Ficedula westermanni
Abundant at high altitude at Kebun Raya Cibodas, Gunung Gede-Pangrango and Kebun Raya Bedugul.

125. Indigo Flycatcher (Ninon ninon gunung) Eumyias indigo
Several seen at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and Kebun Raya Cibodas. A very confiding and beautiful bird.

126. Pale Blue Flycatcher (Sikatan biru muda) Cyornis unicolor
Several males seen in Kebun Raya Cibodas. I think some local birders and visitors are confusing these with the Indigo Flycatcher. In my (brief) experience, the Indigo Flycatchers are birds of the rainforest and rainforest edge, whilst the Pale Blue Flycatchers more typically inhabit the open botanic garden lawns with the Ficedula and Muscicapa flycatchers. The general jizz of the birds differ, with the Indigo being more upright in its stance, not unlike a whistler Pachycephala, whereas the Pale Blue Flycatcher is a bit more hunched and horizontal like other flycatchers. The plumage details as in MacKinnon & Phillips (1993) seem to be fairly obvious.

127. Hill Blue Flycatcher (Burung cacing) Cyornis banyumas
One resplendent male seen in Kebun Raya Bogor.

128. Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher (Sikatan kepala kelabu) Culicicapa ceylonensis
Quite abundant in mixed feeding flocks at Gunung Gede-Pangrango and Kebun Raya Bedugul; less so in Kebun Raya Cibodas.

129. Oriental Magpie Robin (Kucica) Copsychus saularis
A few in Kebun Raya Bogor and Kebun Raya Bedugul. Not seen elsewhere; this bird is following the fate of its congener, the White-rumped Shama C. malabaricus, in being trapped to local extinction in much of Jawa and Bali. I saw quite a few Oriental Magpie Robins and White-rumped Shamas as cage birds throughout Jawa.

130. Sunda Robin (Cincoang biru) Myiomela diana
Locally abundant along the edge of Gunung Gede-Pangrango with Kebun Raya Cibodas. Very vocal, but not particularly forthcoming for views. The bamboo area in the far top corner of the gardenswas fruitful for this species.

131. Sunda Forktail (Meninting kecil) Enicurus velatus
About 4-5 birds on the stream in Kebun Raya Cibodas. Very flighty.

132. Pied Bushchat (Kucica batu) Saxicola caprata
Quite common on the lawns and rose gardens of Kebun Raya Bedugul. Several pairs with flying young.

133. Asian Pied Starling (Jalak suren) Sturnus contra
One bird flying over padi at Kalibukbuk.

134. White-vented Myna (Jalak ungu) Acridotheres cinereus
A flock of 10-12 birds in a village just north of Ubud were the only ones I saw. I was surprised at how uncommon and/or unobtrusive starlings and mynas appeared to be in the parts of Jawa and Bali I visited.

135. Blue Nuthatch (Gelatik munguk gunung) Sitta azurea
A stunning bird (look like sittellas "in drag"), and quite abundant in Kebun Raya Cibodas and the lower slopes of Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Not difficult to see. Often in mixed flocks with flycatchers, fulvettas and Pygmy Tits.

136. Great Tit (Gelatik batu) Parus major
Very abundant at Kebun Raya Cibodas, Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Candi Borobudur and Kebun Raya Bedugul. Also seen at Pangandaran.

137. EPygmy Tit (Cerecet) Psaltria exilis
Javan endemic; almost restricted to Cibodas/Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Abundant in Kebun Raya Cibodas, and the lower slopes of Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

138. Barn Swallow (Layang-layang asia) Hirundo rustica
Abundant over padi in Jawa Tengah; few seen elsewhere.

139. Pacific Swallow (Layang-layang biasa) Hirundo tahitica
Quite abundant along the coast of Jawa Barat and Jawa Tengah.

140. Striated Swallow (Layang-layang besar) Hirundo striolata
Abundant and widespread in Jawa.

141. Asian Martin (Layang-layang rumah) Delichon dasypus
A few seen in the mountains in Bali. Not abundant.

142. Black-headed Bulbul (Kuricang) Pycnonotus atriceps
Just one seen below the waterfalls at Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

143. Black-crested Bulbul (Pecampéor) Pycnonotus melanicterus
One bird of the Sumatran race in a Jakarta garden - obviously an aviary escapee! The Javan race was quite abundant at Pangandaran in rainforest and mangal. The most common call sounds somewhat like a clipped Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys "sweet pretty creature" call.

144. Sooty-headed Bulbul (Kutilang) Pycnonotus aurigaster
Occurs on Java and in mainland SE Asia, but not elsewhere in the Greater Sundas. Very abundant in gardens such as Kebun Raya Bogor and elsewhere in Java. Seems to more or less replace the Yellow-vented Bulbul in hill country.

145. Orange-spotted Bulbul (Cica rante) Pycnonotus bimaculatus
Several seen below waterfall in Gunung Gede-Pangrango, and down to the edge of the Cibodas golf course and Kebun Raya.

146. Yellow-vented Bulbul (Cerukcuk) Pycnonotus goiavier
Common lowland bird in Java and Bali.

147. Olive-winged Bulbul (Mancrang) Pycnonotus plumosus
Seen in middle storey in various parts of Pangandaran; locally abundant.

148. Cream-vented Bulbul (Corok-corok) Pycnonotus simplex
One seen at Curug Gendang (Carita).

149. Grey-cheeked Bulbul (Burung janggut) Alophoixus bres
A very loud and obvious bulbul, quite large too. Seen at Curug Gendang (Carita) and Pangandaran.

150. Sunda Bulbul (Brinji) Hypsipetes virescens
Just two seen below the waterfall at Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

151. Zitting Cisticola (Cici padi) Cisticola juncidis
Abundant in marshland at Muara Anke, and in padi along the north coast of Bali from Singaraja through Lovina and on.

152. Bar-winged Prinia (Perenjak sayap garis) Prinia familiaris
A very widespread and abundant bird from sea level up to over 1,000 metres on both Jawa and Bali. Observed in padi, house gardens, beach forest, and so on.

153. Plain Prinia (Perenjak sisi merah) Prinia inornata
Occurs on Java and in mainland SE Asia, but not elsewhere in the Greater Sundas. A couple observed in dense Mimosa scrub and reeds at Muara Anke, also in padi margins at Carita.

154. Oriental White-eye (Burung kaca mata biasa) Zosterops palpebrosus
Abundant in gardens and around settlements at Cibodas, Candi Borobudur and Bedugul.

155. Mountain White-eye (Burung kaca mata gunung) Zosterops montanus
A small flock seen in forest on the edge of Kebun Raya Bedugul; mixed feeding flock with Javan Grey-throated White-eyes, Grey-headed Canary Flycatchers, Little Pied Flycatcher, Arctic Warbler and Sunda Warblers.

156. EJavan Grey-throated White-eye (Opior-opior) Lophozosterops javanicus
Java/Bali endemic. Very abundant in the mountains (Kebun Raya Cibodas, Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Kebun Raya Bedugul). Often in mixed feeding flocks with other species such as babblers, Zosterops white-eyes, flycatchers, nuthatches, Pygmy Tits and warblers.

157. Russet Bush Warbler (Perenjak puncak) Bradypterus seebohmi
A pair in bamboo on the north edge of Kebun Raya Bedugul.

158. Clamorous Reed Warbler (Kerak basi ramai) Acrocephalus stentoreus
Heard and seen at a few wetlands, eg. Muara Anke.

159. Mountain Tailorbird (Cinenen gunung) Orthotomus cuculatus
Locally abundant in Gunung Gede-Pangrango below the Cibeureum Waterfall.

160. Common Tailorbird (Cinenen biasa) Orthotomus sutorius
Occurs on Java and in mainland SE Asia, but not elsewhere in the Greater Sundas. Quite widespread and abundant.

161. Ashy Tailorbird (Cinenen kelabu) Orthotomus ruficeps
Seen at Muara Anke and elsewhere in Jakarta.

162. EOlive-backed Tailorbird (Cinenen kelabu) Orthotomus sepium
Abundant in gardens and hill forest in Jawa and Bali. Relentless "wit-chew, wit-chew ..... " call.

163. Arctic Warbler (Perenjak kutub) Phylloscopus borealis
Two seen in a mixed feeding flock in Kebun Raya Bedugul, with white-eyes.

164. Eastern Crowned Warbler (Perenjak mahkota) Phylloscopus coronatus
One seen in a mixed feeding flock in Kebun Raya Cibodas, with Mountain Crowned Warbler, Sunda Warbler, Oriental White-Eye, Javan Grey-throated White-Eye and Javan Fulvetta.

165. Mountain Leaf Warbler (Perenjak daun) Phylloscopus trivirgatus
Observed in mixed feeding flocks at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Kebun Raya Cibodas and Kebun Raya Bedugul.

166. Sunda Warbler (Perenjak sikatan sunda) Seicercus grammiceps
Observed in mixed feeding flocks at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Kebun Raya Cibodas and Kebun Raya Bedugul.

167. Horsfield's Babbler (Kancilan sunda) Malacocincla sepiarium
Several in Kebun Raya Bogor.

168. Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler (Burung angklung) Pomatorhinus montanus
One seen with a Rufous-tailed Fantail at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, below waterfalls.

169. Eyebrowed Wren Babbler (Berencet berkening) Napothera epilepidota
One very close view (less than a metre away) at Gunung Gede-Pangrango. A scratching sound in the leaf litter beside the track (reminscent of Australia's Logrunner and Chowchilla) revealed an Eyebrowed Wren Babbler carrying a large leaf in its bill. Thus armed, it plunged into a hollow inside a rotten log. This could possibly have been nest building behaviour, as I can't think of any other plausible explanation.

170. Pygmy Wren Babbler (Berencet kerdil) Pnoepyga pusilla
Quite abundant at Gunung Gede-Pangrango, but hard to see.

171. EWhite-bibbed Babbler (Tepus leher putih) Stachyris thoracica
Javan endemic. A few groups seen at Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

172. ECrescent-chested Babbler (Tepus pipi perak) Stachyris melanothorax
Java/Bali endemic. A few seen in mixed feeding flocks at Gunung Gede-Pangrango

173. Striped Tit Babbler (Burung kalaces) Macronous gularis
Abundant at Cerug Gendang (Carita) at lower altitudes, also Pangandaran.

174. EGrey-cheeked Tit Babbler (Ciung air) Macronous flavicollis
Javan endemic. Found nesting in overgrown gardens at Cibodas. A grapefruit-sized spherical nest of Imperata leaves built low (circa 30 cm off the ground) in ferns and Imperata grass, contained one egg. A quick glance revealed that the eggshell appeared to be relatively unpigmented, although slightly nest stained.

175. Chestnut-fronted Shrike Babbler (Ciu kecil) Pteruthius aenobarbus
Occurs on Java and in mainland SE Asia, but not elsewhere in the Greater Sundas. Forages quite high, and generally in a mixed feeding flock with other babblers, warblers and flycatchers. Several seen at Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

176. EJavan Fulvetta (Berencet wergan) Alcippe pyrrhoptera
Javan endemic. The quintessential "little brown bird". Quite abundant at Cibodas and Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

177. Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker (Burung cabe punggung biru) Prionochilus percussus
It took about 5 vigilant hours to properly see and identify this flowerpecker in the garden of Villa Angela in Pangandaran. I heard the bird about once an hour, but failed to get a satisfactory view for some time. It seemed to be flying a beat through flowering Coconut Palms in the area around Villa Angela, often being chased by Brown-throated Sunbirds.

178. Orange-bellied Flowerpecker (Burung bunga api) Dicaeum trigonostigma
Quite abundant at lower altitude at Cerug Gendang (Carita).

179. Plain Flowerpecker (Burung cabe hutan) Dicaeum concolor
One seen at Kebun Raya Bogor, and one at Cibodas.

180. Blood-breasted Flowerpecker (Burung cabe gunung) Dicaeum sanguinolentum
Quite abundant at Cibodas, and also seen at Bedugul.

181. Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker (Burung cabe) Dicaeum trochileum
The common flowerpecker on Java and Bali in parks and gardens at lower altitude.

182. Brown-throated Sunbird (Burung madu kelapa) Anthreptes malacensis
Abundant in gardens at Pangandaran, where they were seen to feed extensively from Coconut Palm flowers. A few seen elsewhere in Java at lower altitude, and in beach scrub on Bali.

183. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird (Burung madu pipi merah) Anthreptes singalensis
Quite abundant at lower altitude at Cerug Gendang (Carita).

184. Purple-throated Sunbird (Burung madu hitam gunung) Nectarinia sperata
One seen visiting flowering Coconut Palms in the garden of Villa Angela in Pangandaran.

185. Copper-throated Sunbird (Burung madu hitam) Nectarinia calcostetha
Abundant in the mangroves of Segara Anakan, and a rare visitor to flowering Coconut Palms in the gardens of Pangandaran.

186. Olive-backed Sunbird (Burung madu kuning) Nectarinia jugularis
Ubiquitous in gardens, parks and the like, at lower altitudes on Java and Bali.

187. EWhite-flanked Sunbird (Burung madu gunung) Aethopyga eximia
Javan endemic. Abundant at Cibodas and Gunung Gede-Pangrango.

188. Crimson Sunbird (Burung madu merah) Aethopyga siparaja
Several birds seen with Olive-backed Sunbirds and Common Ioras at Pelabuhan Ratu.

189. EJavan Sunbird (Burung madu merah ekor panjang) Aethopyga mystacalis
Several seen at Cerug Gendang (Carita), on the higher parts.

190. Little Spiderhunter (Burung jantung kecil) Arachnothera longirostra
An infuriatingly difficult (though abundant) bird to see. They characteristically fly in dead-straight lines through the forest understorey, and keep fairly still when they stop. Distinctive call. Abundant at Cerug Gendang (Carita), Kebun Raya Bogor, Cibodas, Gunung Gede-Pangrango and Kebun Raya Bedugul. Only seen well at Bogor, Cibodas and Bedugul.

191. Long-billed Spiderhunter (Burung jantung besar) Arachnothera robusta
Although much less abundant than the Little Spiderhunter, a bit easier to get a look at. Seen at Cibodas on the forest edge.

192. Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Burung gereja) Passer montanus
It's a sparrow isn't it?! Ubiquitous in settled areas.

193. Grey Wagtail (Entut leuncang) Motacilla cinerea
A couple on the stream in the Cibodas golf course.

194. Streaked Weaver (Manyar jambul) Ploceus manyar
A few small parties at Carita in coconut - padi farmland.

195. Javan Munia (Bondol jawa) Lonchura leucogastroides
Very abundant in various rural and urban parts of Jawa Barat and Jawa Tengah. Also locally abundant in Bali.

196. Scaly-breasted Munia (Bondol dada sisik) Lonchura punctulata
Very abundant in various rural and urban parts of Jawa Barat and Jawa Tengah. Also locally abundant in Bali.

197. Black-headed Munia (Bondol hitam) Lonchura ferruginosa
Quite abundant in padi country of Jawa Tengah, and a few observed in similar country of north Bali.

198. White-headed Munia (Bondol haji) Lonchura maja
Very abundant in padi country of Jawa Tengah.


1. EJava Gibbon (Owa) Hylobates moloch
Endemic to Jawa Barat. A family group of three, comprising two adults and a juvenile, seen in an open-canopied tree just below the waterfalls at Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Although they were occasionally watching the passing groups of people, we were the only people out of thousands to see them!

2. EEbony Leaf Monkey (Lutung) Trachypithecus auratus
Endemic to Jawa, Bali and Lombok (although perhaps introduced to Lombok). This species was recently split from the more widespread Silvered Leaf Monkey Trachypithecus cristata (Weitzel & Groves 1985). Quite widespread on Jawa, and seen in lowland rainforest, mountain rainforest, hill forest, botanic gardens and mangrove forest, at Cerug Gendang (Carita), Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Kebun Raya Cibodas, and Segara Anakan. A beautiful, black leaf monkey. At Cibodas, one group of Lutung contained an all-red animal, and this would appear to be a youngster if the orange natal coat of T. cristatus in Malaysia (Medway 1978) also applies to T. auratus.

3. EJavan Leaf Monkey (Surili) Presbytis comata
Endemic to Jawa Barat. Only seen at Kebun Raya Cibodas, where a small group was nervously foraging not far from a bigger group of Lutung. An exquisite silvery grey leaf monkey.

4. Long-tailed Macaque (Monyet) Macaca fascicularis
Ubiquitous in forest areas, and a real nuisance at Pangandaran in particular, where monyet of all sizes try to monster food from visitors, or steal anything that's not nailed down. Tourists continue to train them to be noxious by continuing to feed them! The long-furred ones at Bedugul are quite demure of temperament by comparison, and the ones at Cibodas are very shy.

5. Malayan Colugo Cynocephalus variegatus
This extraordinary mammal looks like a cross between a sloth and an epiphyte until it moves. The only one I saw was at Cibodas, and we watched it grooming and licking water from its fur, as it hung upside down and the rain bucketed down.

6. Malayan Flying-fox Pteropus vampyrus
Large camps at Kebun Raya Bogor (1,000+) and Pangandaran.

7. Wrinkle-lipped Bat Tadarida (Chaerophon) plicata
Approximately two million in Goa Lalai at Pelabuhan Ratu on the south coast of Jawa Barat. The emergence, about an hour before dark, is a magnificent wildlife spectacle as they pour over the lip of the cave ceiling like a huge liquid stream, and then fill the entire sky for half an hour or so while they spiral upwards, and then fly off inland to the hill forests to forage. The Peregrine Falcon arrived about five minutes before the emergence, and then hunted bats for a while. Other raptors could be expected here too, and perhaps Jawa's first Bat Hawk record might be made here one day.

8. House Bat Scotophilus kuhlii
Probably the most abundant vespertilionid bat seen around towns in Jawa.

9. Free-tailed Bat Mops mops
This large freetail bat was seen at evening flight in Bogor.

10. Common Treeshrew Tupaia glis
11. EJavan Treeshrew Tupaia javanica
Treeshrews are very abundant in hill and mountain rainforest in Jawa and Bali, and most that I saw in Jawa were Tupaia glis, with a few T. javanica. I only saw T. javanica in Bali. One T. glis at Cerug Gendang made an extraordinary kind of swirling semi-gliding descent from one tree to another, but mostly they bound and jump through the middle storey. A strange experience for an Australian accustomed to all small mammals being nocturnal to see so many tupaia (squirrels and treeshrews) during the day!

12. House Shrew Suncus murinus
Common commensal species, heard and seen at various places in Jawa.

13. *Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus
Common commensal species, heard and seen at various places in Jawa. A very large and healthy individual running around, checking the rubbish bins, in the losmen in Bandung!

14. Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse Chiropodomys gliroides
One seen in the hills above Singaraja.

15. Black Giant Squirrel Ratufa bicolor
An impressive and huge squirrel, which I only encountered around Indian Almond trees on the Pangandaran peninsula. When alarmed by an intruder, such as a birder, it has the singular habit of plummeting to the ground from whatever height in the tree it happens to be, landing with a loud and inelegant thump, and then bolting off to climb another tree. Having reached the canopy of that tree, it may then hurl itself bodily into another lower tree before pausing to evaluate the threat. I saw them do this several times, and found it highly amusing!

16. Black-striped Squirrel Callosciurus nigrovittatus
Ubiquitous in forests and botanic gardens.

17. Plantain Squirrel Callosciurus notatus
Quite abundant in lower altitude forests.

18. Three-striped Ground Squirrel Lariscus insignis
Only seen once or twice in coastal forests at Pangandaran and Bali Barat. Peculiar vocalisations.

19. Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana
A group of five-six seen from the Kalipucang to Cilacap ferry. Very impressive as they wallowed on the bank in the wash from the boat. Even the Javanese saw them and found them interesting.

20. Leopard Cat Felis bengalensis
One small spotted cat seen briefly near the ranger station at Gunung Gede-Pangrango was probably this species.

21. Rusa Deer Cervus timoriensis
Quite abundant at Pangandaran and Bali Barat.

22. Banteng Bos javanicus
Glimpsed at Pangandaran. Domestic animals are very abundant on Bali.


9 January 1997, 07:00 - 10:30 hrs.
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate Egret Ardea intermedia
Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
Striated HeronButorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Milky StorkMycteria cinerea
Lesser AdjutantLeptoptilos javanicus
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Shorebird spp.
Sunda CoucalCentropus nigrorufus
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta linchi
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata
Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
*Copper-throated Sunbird Nectarinia calcostetha
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Olive-backed Tailorbird Orthotomus sepium
Bar-winged PriniaPrinia familiaris
Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis
Javan LutungTrachypithecus auratus
Hairy-nosed OtterLutra sumatrana
I = 07:00 - 08:15 hrs. From Kalipucang wharf through Segara Anakan lagoon. Riparian forest, lagoon & mud flats.
II = 08:15 - 08:30 hrs. From end of Segara Anakan through to Ujungalang. Mangrove & riparian forest.
III = 08:30 - 10:30 hrs. From Ujungalang through to Cilacap terminal. All mangroves.
* = all sunbirds seen close enough for identification were Copper-throated Sunbirds. Very abundant.

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