Trip Report: Peninsular Malaysia, February 22 - March 8, 1998

David Fischer, 18 Kilbirnie Place, Figtree, NSW, AUSTRALIA;

Nomenclature and sequence follows: A Guide to the Birds of Thailand by Lekagul and Round


22-24 February - - - Kuala Selangor
25-27 February - - - Fraser's Hill
28 February - - - Kuala Lumpur
1-8 March - - - Taman Negara.


We hired a car from Hertz which cost us about $65 (Australian) per day with insurance and unlimited kilometres.


At Kuala Selangor, we stayed in one of the bungalows with facilities. This cost $16 per night.

At Fraser's Hill, we stayed in the Raub Bungalow which was overpriced at $40 per night.

At Taman Negara, we stayed in the Hostel which was priced at $24 per night, and the Kumbang Hide which cost $4 per night. The cost of the Hostel included breakfast but this was useless to us since we were out birdwatching throughout the morning hours. I tried unsuccessfully to have the cost of the breakfasts deducted from the price of the accommodation. A better option than the hostel at Kuala Tahan would be to stay at Kuala Treggnan, where chalets cost $32 per night. Besides being much quieter, there is good forest on both sides of the river, and hornbills may be seen flying across the river each morning.

Site Accounts:

Kuala Selangor Nature Park (Taman Alam)

This year was particularly hot at Kuala Selangor with a peak of 37°C and high humidity. Birding was good around the wetlands, and along the new boardwalk into the mangroves. Both of the boardwalks which were present in 1995 have collapsed. We borrowed gumboots from the warden and walked around in the mangrove forest but were unable to locate Mangrove Pittas this year. We did have good looks at various woodpeckers, and some of the beautiful blue and red fiddler crabs. A pair of Smooth Otters were seen twice from the watchtower nearest the boardwalk.

In the evening, we drove to Bukit Melawati, a hill just outside of the reserve. We stopped at the second pullout where there are several public telephones, and walked up the steps to the hilltop. In the tall trees at the crest of the hill, we heard and then located several Lineated Barbets as well as a couple Coppersmith Barbets and Common Flamebacks. On one hot afternoon, we drove to the mudflats along the coast to the west of Tanjong Karang. Waders were numerous in this area although nothing unusual was found.

On our final morning before departing for Fraser's Hill, we drove about 4 km north of Tanjong Karang towards Sekinchan, then turned east and followed a small road through the rice fields to the canal which separates the fields from the peatswamp. Black Drongos, Blue-tailed Bee-Eaters, White-breasted Woodswallows and Baya Weavers were numerous in this area. Most exciting was a Greater Spotted Eagle which emerged from its roost in the peatswamp and began to spiral above the rice fields. At the canal, we traveled north for a couple of km and found a small bridge and road which provided access to the peat swamp. The peat swamp was interesting with many giant pandanus, spongy soil and tea-coloured streams. Birds were not very numerous, but we found several Fluffy-backed Tit-Babblers, Short-tailed Babblers, and heard a Wood-Partridge and a Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo.

Fraser's Hill

At Fraser's Hill, many of the forest birds travel in mixed-species flocks. We began our birding by walking along the Bishop's Trail where we immediately found one of these flocks. Highlights in the flock included Green Magpies and a Long-tailed Broadbill. After this flock, we did not see much, so we drove along the road to the waterfall stopping at several pullouts. At one of these, we heard and then found a female Red-headed Trogon. Near the bottom of the road, we found a large mixed-species flock which included a pair of Sultan Tits, Black-winged Flycatcher-Shrikes, Grey-chinned Minivets, Orange-bellied Leafbirds, Black-eared Shrike-Babblers, Chestnut-crowned Warblers, Arctic Warblers, Mountain Fulvettas, Green Magpies, Grey-capped Laughing Thrushes, and others.

This year, the rubbish tip was smoldering and was fairly quiet. Neither Siberian Thrush nor Orange-headed Thrush were present. We did see a pair of Streaked Wren-Babblers, Grey-throated Babblers, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Mugimaki Flycatcher, and a Hill Blue Flycatcher feeding at the tip face. Good views were obtained of a pair of Blue Nuthatches which fed in the dying tree in the center of the tip.

Construction of new bungalows is progressing on the Telekom Loop resulting in the loss of more habitat. We spent a fair amount of time watching a ravine near the Rasa Bungalow where I saw a pair of nesting Cutias in 1995. This year, no Cutias were found. We did have good looks at some of the more common birds such as Lesser Yellownapes, Silver-eared Mesias, Crimson-breasted Orioles, Blue-winged Minlas, Black-eared and White-browed Shrike-Babblers, Little Pied Flycatchers and Blue Nuthatches.

Some of the best birding at Fraser's Hill was along the new road to the Gap. Due to land slippage, the road has not been opened to traffic. We saw a number of birds which included a Blyth's Hawk-Eagle, a pair of nesting Black-thighed Falconets, Crimson-winged and Bay Woodpeckers, Greater Yellownapes, Red-headed Trogon, Pygmy Wren-Babbler and Rusty-naped Pitta (heard only). In the vicinity of the second bridge, several fig trees were in fruit. These attracted many Black-browed/Fire-tufted/Red-throated Barbets as well as Black Laughing-Thrush and Mountain Bulbuls. Durai, a local birder, recently found White-crested and Bushy-crested Hornbills in this area.

One day we traveled down to the Gap before sunrise. The huge fig tree which once stood across the road from the guesthouse has collapsed, so birding was not as good as in previous years. The Gap produced a number of barbets with Yellow-crowned, Blue-eared, Gold-whiskered, Red-throated, and Black-browed being heard or seen. Yellow-vented Pigeons were sighted as they flew across the road near the traffic station. We walked up the road towards Fraser's Hill to the small trail which leads into the gully about 2 km from the Gap. The trail was quiet, but we did have good views of Red-bearded Bee-Eaters, Banded Broadbills, Ferruginous Flycatchers, and we heard a pair of Rhinoceros Hornbills and a Wood-Partridge. Both Siamang and White-handed Gibbons called from this area.

Later, we drove along the road from the Gap towards Kuala Kubu Bharu and stopped at many of the pullouts. Not far from the Gap we had good views of a pair of Rhinoceros Hornbills which moved from tree to tree and then flew across the road and up the slope. A pair of Black Eagles and Crested Serpent-Eagles were also sighted.

A local birdwatcher, Durai, may be contacted at the Nature Centre which is situated behind the mosque at Fraser's Hill. He is an excellent source of information about the birds and where to find them. If he has the time, he is also willing to accompany visitors.

Taman Negara National Park:

The boat trip into Taman Negara was fairly quiet, but we did see an Oriental Pied Hornbill, many Blue-throated Bee-Eaters, several Black-and-Red Broadbill and Straw-headed Bulbuls.

This year, a couple of fig trees were fruiting near the cafeteria at Kuala Tahan and another was fruiting in the campground. These were some of the only fruiting trees which we encountered and they attracted many birds. In one afternoon, we sighted 14 species of bulbuls in these trees and we could compare the similar species at our leisure. The highlight was an extended observation of the rare Puff-backed Bulbul. The other bulbuls included Straw-headed, Scaly-breasted, Grey-bellied, Stripe-throated, Yellow-vented, Cream-vented, Red-eyed, Spectacled, Grey-cheeked, Yellow-bellied, Buff-vented, Streaked, and Ashy. Other birds at the tree included a Little/Thick-billed/Large Green Pigeons, Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrots, single Oriental Pied/pair Black Hornbills, single Gold-whiskered/Blue-eared Barbets, a single male Green Broadbill, a single Lesser Green/ numerous Greater Green Leafbirds, many Asian Fairy Bluebirds, a few Black-naped Orioles, pair of Hill Mynas, and a few Yellow-vented Flowerpeckers.

The Tahan River Trail was good and we walked along it as far as Tabing Hide on several evenings. Near the campground this track progresses through ginger thickets which were good for numerous babblers, Black-and-Red/Black-and-Yellow/Banded/Green Broadbills, and Rufous Piculets. The best area seemed to be near Tabing Hide where we found several mixed-species flocks. Sightings included Buff-rumped/Checker-throated/Maroon Woodpeckers, Blue-winged Leafbirds, Large Wood-Shrikes, Maroon-breasted Flycatcher, a white-phase Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, and others. A small creek flows in front of Tabing Hide and this was usually attended by a pair of Chestnut-naped Forktails. We also encountered a 2 m Cobra while walking along this creek. A number of bulbuls including Yellow-bellied, Grey-cheeked, Grey-bellied, and Finsch's were seen bathing in one of the creeks along the Tahan River Trail before the junction with the Tabing Hide Trail. This seems to be a good location for Finsch's Bulbuls, and I have observed them here on each of my three trips to Taman Negara.

One day, we took a boat to the Yong Hide area. Near Yong Hide, we heard and then saw a Scarlet-rumped Trogon, a pair of Buff-necked Woodpeckers, a Black-throated Babbler (heard only), and several Crested Jays. Further along the trail we heard the loud cackling call of Malaysian Peacock-Pheasants, and we were surprised when one walked across the trail in front of us. It was not particularly shy and walked slowly up a slope in the vicinity of the Bleu Hide. We continued walking along the trail towards Kuala Tahan until we reached the start of the Cegar Anjung Trail. We then walked along the Cegar Anjung Trail which was one of the best that we visited in Taman Negara. The forest along this track was beautiful with many giant Tualang trees and a damp understorey. This was the best area that we found in the park for pittas, and we recorded several Garnet and a single Banded by call. Other good birds included a Banded Kingfisher, 4 species of broadbills, Scarlet-rumped/Red-naped Trogons, Helmeted Hornbills, Crested Jays, Rufous-tailed Shama, and four Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babblers. Elephant tracks and dung were found along the trail but we did not see the animals.

We spent a single night at Kumbang Hide. We hired a boat which took us from Kuala Tahan to Kuala Trenggan early one morning, then we walked to Kumbang Hide. The trail between Kuala Trenggan and Kumbang was good and produced Crested Wood-Partridge, Helmeted Hornbill, Banded Kingfisher, Garnet Pitta, and Short-tailed Babblers. After setting up our bunks, we walked on for several hours to the Gua Kepayang caves. This area is fairly remote, and we did not see anyone else on the trail for the entire day. After exploring the cave and seeing numerous whip-scorpions, cave crickets, cave toads, and bats, we emerged to find a pitta anvil site on one of the rocks at the entrance to the cave. There were at least 50 or more large snail shells on this rock, and each had been pierced and the animal removed. Since it was already mid-afternoon, we did not have time to search for the bird but had to head back to Kumbang Hide. Along the way, we were fortunate to see a couple of the very shy Crestless Firebacks on the trail before they ran out of sight. We also found a pair of Horsefield's Babblers which were singing in a thicket formed by a fallen tree. The night at Kumbang produced a sighting of a Malay Civet which came to a can of tuna which I left at the bottom of the ladder to the hide. We also had terrific views of a Malaysian Tapir which visited the salt-lick in front of the hide for nearly 30 minutes.

We returned to Kuala Tahan from Kumbang by walking along the 12 km track which eventually follows the Tahan River. A few km's from Kumbang, we heard the loud, distinctive calls of a flock of Bushy-crested Hornbills but unfortunately could not spot the birds. We did observe three Large Wren-Babblers for several minutes after disturbing them on the trail. Mouse-deer were found a couple of times along the trail and dracos, the gliding lizards, were numerous.

One morning, we climbed Bukit Teresik before sunrise. We heard and saw a Rufous-tailed Shama in the forest behind the first lookout in the same area where I had previously encountered this species in 1992 and 1995. Between the two lookouts, we found a small flock of Crested Wood-Partridges, and we saw a pair of Great Ioras which accompanied a mixed-species flock. A Rhinoceros Hornbill was heard calling from the second lookout and later seen as it flew between trees. Red-naped Trogons were heard but not seen. We visited the Swamp Loop on a couple of occasions during the day as well as once at night. The loop was dry, and generally few birds were seen. One afternoon we found a flock of Crested Firebacks as well as another Malaysian Peacock-Pheasant. At night, we heard the four-note call of the Oriental Scops-Owl but did not see the bird. While sitting in the nearby Tahan Hide at dusk, a couple of male Crested Firebacks flew up and roosted in the branches of the tree immediately in front of the hide.

One of our final walks was along the Tembeling River to a small hill known as Bukit Indah. The river trail was quiet but we found a couple of singing Sooty-capped Babblers near Kuala Tahan, and several interesting species from the lookout at Bukit Indah. A juvenile Dusky Broadbill perched in a leafless treetop near the lookout and we watched it call. It would open wide its oversized bill but it produced only a feeble squeak which would be hard to detect at the forest floor. Fiery Minivets and Yellow-crowned Barbets were seen a few times below the lookout as they flew back and forth between the treetops. We found a pair of Plain Flowerpeckers in the small trees which grow behind the lookout.

We visited the canopy walkway on two occasions. There were many tourists at this structure so it was difficult to have enough time to thoroughly scan the surrounding treetops. We did have close views of a few birds including a Chestnut-breasted Malcoha, Blue-winged Leafbirds, Fiery Minivets, and a Whiskered Tree-Swift. On our second visit we also saw a Giant Squirrel, a huge black squirrel with a white throat and breast.

We returned to Kuala Tembeling from Taman Negara on the Sunday morning boat. Along the river we again saw an Oriental Pied Hornbill as well as a pair of Black Hornbills, a Red-crowned Barbet, a Stork-billed Kingfisher, and a Crested Serpent-Eagle. Crimson-backed Flowerpeckers were sighted in the trees near the boatdock at Kuala Tembeling.

Species accounts:

G - Gap
FH - Bukit Fraser
KS - Kuala Selangor
S - Sekinchan
TK - Tanjong Karang
TN - Taman Negara

  1. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) - several, KS.
  2. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) - up to 4, KS.
  3. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) - two, KS
  4. Great Egret (Egretta alba) - several, KS.
  5. Intermediate Egret (Egretta intermedia) - several, TK.
  6. Chinese Pond-Heron (Ardeola bacchus) - few, KS.
  7. Striated Heron (Butorides striatus) - common, KS. One at waterfall, FH. Few, TN.
  8. Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)- two, KS.
  9. Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) - one at KS.
  10. Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes) - small flocks, KS.
  11. Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus) - several, KS. Several, S.
  12. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) - many, KS. Two active nests observed.
  13. White-bellied Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster) - two, KS. Two, S.
  14. Lesser Fish-Eagle (Ichthyophaga humilis) - 3 along Sungai Tahan, TN.
  15. Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela) - one, KS. Few, G. One, TN.
  16. Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malayensis) - pair behind the resthouse, G.
  17. Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) - one, S.
  18. Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) - one from canopy walkway, TN.
  19. Blyth's Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus alboniger) - several, FH.
  20. Eastern Marsh Harrier (Circus spilonotus) - one, KS. A rarity at this site.
  21. Black-thighed Falconet (Microhierax fringillarius) - pair nesting along new road, FH.
  22. Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) - commonly heard, KS.
  23. Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) - seen daily, TN.
  24. Crestless Fireback (Lophura erythrophthalma) - two, TN.
  25. Great Argus (Argusianus argus) - very occasionally heard and none seen this year, even at Jenut Muda. TN.
  26. Crested Wood Partridge (Rollulus rouloul) - few, TN.
  27. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) - common, KS.
  28. Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) - two, KS.
  29. Masked Finfoot (Heliopais personata) - one from boat (Lata Berkoh) and 1 from Tabing boat dock, TN.
  30. Lesser Sand-Plover (Charadrius mongolus) - several, TK.
  31. Greater Sand-Plover (Charadrius leschenaulti) - few, TK.
  32. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) - common, TK.
  33. Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) - few, TK . 40 roosting, KS.
  34. Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis) - few, TK. Few roosting, KS.
  35. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) - several, KS.
  36. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) - several, TK. Few, Tembeling River, TN.
  37. Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus) - common, TK. Few, KS.
  38. Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis) - common, TK.
  39. Pin-tailed Snipe (Gallinago stenura) - common, KS. Common, S.
  40. Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) - few, TK.
  41. Yellow-vented Pigeon (Treron seimundi) - two near resthouse, G.
  42. Little Green Pigeon (Treron olax) - common in fruiting fig trees at Kuala Tahan, TN.
  43. Pink-necked Pigeon (Treron vernans) - common, KS.
  44. Thick-billed Pigeon (Treron curvirostra) - few, G. Common at fruiting fig trees at Kuala Tahan, TN.
  45. Large Green Pigeon (Treron capellei) - two daily at Kuala Tahan. Small flocks at dusk, Tahan River, TN.
  46. Rock Dove (Columba livia) - common.
  47. Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Ducula badia) - common, FH.
  48. Spotted Turtle-Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) - common.
  49. Little Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia ruficeps) - common, G. Common, FH.
  50. Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) - few, TN.
  51. Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata) - Common, KS.
  52. Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda) - two near the prison along road between KS and Rawang.
  53. Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) - small flock one day flying over Kuala Tahan, TN.
  54. Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus galgulus) - common, G. Common, TN.
  55. Large Hawk-Cuckoo (Cuculus sparverioides) - commonly heard, FH. One heard, TN.
  56. Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo (Cuculus fugax) - heard in the peat-swamp near S. Few heard, TN.
  57. Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) - few heard, FH. Commonly heard, TN.
  58. Oriental Cuckoo (Cuculus saturatus) - one seen in the dry woodland, KS. Occasionally heard, FH.
  59. Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonneratii) - several heard along Tahan River, TN.
  60. Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus) - common by call, TN.
  61. Rusty-breasted Cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulcralis) - few heard, KS. Few heard, TN.
  62. Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus) - two heard and seen, TN.
  63. Malayan Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx minutillus) - one seen at KS, and one heard at Kuala Tembeling.
  64. Drongo Cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris) - heard, FH. Commonly heard and seen, TN.
  65. Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) - commonly heard and seen at KS and in central Kuala Lumpur.
  66. Chestnut-bellied Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus sumatranus) - one near the boardwalk at KS.
  67. Green-billed Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus tristis) - one seen, G.
  68. Raffles's Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus) - a few seen, TN.
  69. Chestnut-breasted Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus curvirostris) - one, KS. Few, TN.
  70. Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) - commonly heard and occasionally seen, KS. Few, TN.
  71. Lesser Coucal (Centropus bengalensis) - seen near peat-swamp and the rice fields, S.
  72. Malaysian Nightjar (Eurostopodus temminckii) - two heard and seen over the resthouse, G.
  73. Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus) - several on road at night or before sunrise, FH.
  74. Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus) - commonly heard and occasionally seen, KS, G, and TN.
  75. Mountain Scops-Owl (Otus spilocephalus) - a few heard, FH, G.
  76. Oriental Scops-Owl (Otus sunia) - distinctive call heard one night along Swamp Loop, TN.
  77. Collared Scops-Owl (Otus lempiji) - one seen in nestbox across road from old headquarters, KS.
  78. Grey-rumped Treeswift (Hemiprocne longipennis) - several, TN.
  79. Whiskered Treeswift (Hemiprocne comata) - several, TN.
  80. White-bellied Swiftlet (Collocalia esculenta) - common, FH, G.
  81. Edible-nest Swiftlet (Collocalia fuciphaga) - common, G.
  82. Silver-rumped Needletail (Rhaphidura leucopygialis) - few, G. Common, TN.
  83. Brown-backed Needletail (Hirundapus giganteus) - common, G, FH, and TN.
  84. Asian Palm-Swift (Cypsiurus balasiensis) - a few at KS and at the G.
  85. Fork-tailed Swift (Apus pacificus) - small flocks at FH.
  86. House Swift (Apus affinis) - common at all sites.
  87. Red-naped Trogon (Harpactes kasumba) - fairly common by call, seen once, TN.
  88. Diard's Trogon (Harpactes diardii) - heard twice on Tahan River, TN.
  89. Scarlet-rumped Trogon (Harpactes duvaucelii) - fairly common by call but seen twice, TN.
  90. Orange-breasted Trogon (Harpactes oreskios) - two at second gulley above traffic station, G.
  91. Red-headed Trogon (Harpactes erythrocephalus) - few heard and one seen, FH.
  92. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) - several, KS.
  93. Banded Kingfisher (Alcedo pulchella) - encountered along Cegar Anjung and in the Kumbang area, TN.
  94. Blue-banded Kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona) - several along Tahan River and nearby creeks, TN.
  95. Stork-billed Kingfisher (Halcyon capensis) - one, KS. Two along Tembeling River, TN.
  96. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) - common roadside/riverside bird.
  97. Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata) - fairly common, KS. Common along Tembeling River, TN.
  98. Collared Kingfisher (Halcyon chloris) - few pairs, KS. Few in mangroves, TK.
  99. Rufous-collared Kingfisher (Actenoides concretus) - heard early one morning along the Tahan River Trail at sunrise, TN.
  100. Red-bearded Bee-eater (Nyctyornis amictus) - pair, G. One along Tembeling River, TN.
  101. Blue-throated Bee-eater (Merops viridis) - few, KS. Common along Tembeling River, TN.
  102. Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus) - few, KS. Common S. One in central Kuala Lumpur.
  103. Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis) - few, KS, S, TN.
  104. Oriental Pied-Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) - one or two daily, TN.
  105. Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) - one or two daily, TN.
  106. Rhinoceros Hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros) - heard and pair seen, G. Heard and seen daily, TN.
  107. Helmeted Hornbill (Buceros vigil) - one heard, G. Few heard each day especially Kumbang area, TN.
  108. Bushy-crested Hornbill (Anorrhinus galeritus) - flock heard on walk back to Kuala Tahan from Kumbang, TN.
  109. Fire-tufted Barbet (Psilopogon pyrolophus) - commonly heard and occasionally seen, FH.
  110. Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata) - at least three calling and seen, Bukit Melawati, KS.
  111. Gold-whiskered Barbet (Megalaima chrysopogon) - common by call, G. Common and few seen, TN.
  112. Red-crowned Barbet (Megalaima rafflesi) - heard twice (Tabing Hide area) and seen once, TN.
  113. Red-throated Barbet (Megalaima mystacophanos) - common by call and several seen, FH. Common by call, TN.
  114. Black-browed Barbet (Megalaima oorti) - commonly heard and occasionally seen, FH, G.
  115. Yellow-crowned Barbet (Megalaima henricii) - few heard at G. Commonly heard and seen twice, TN.
  116. Blue-eared Barbet (Megalaima australis) - commonly heard and 1 seen, G. Heard and seen, TN.
  117. Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala) - few heard and seen, KS, TN.
  118. Rufous Piculet (Sasia abnormis) - twice seen along Tahan River Trail, TN.
  119. Orange-backed Woodpecker (Reinwardtipicus validus) - one along Tahan River Trail, TN.
  120. Common Flameback (Dinopium javanense) - common, KS. Two seen near Kuala Tahan, TN.
  121. Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus) - common, KS.
  122. Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus) - two seen along Telekom Loop, FH.
  123. Greater Yellownape (Picus flavinucha) - few seen along new road, FH.
  124. Crimson-winged Woodpecker (Picus puniceus) - one along new road, FH. One near Tabing Hide, TN.
  125. Checker-throated Woodpecker (Picus mentalis) - few near Tabing Hide and the campground, TN.
  126. Maroon Woodpecker (Blythipicus rubiginosus) - few heard and seen, FH, TN.
  127. Bay Woodpecker (Blythipicus pyrrhotis) - few heard, one seen along new road, FH.
  128. Great Slaty Woodpecker (Mulleripicus pulverulentus) - common and conspicuous, TN.
  129. Buff-rumped Woodpecker (Meiglyptes tristis) - seen most days, TN.
  130. Buff-necked Woodpecker (Meiglyptes tukki) - one pair near Yong Hide, TN.
  131. Grey-and-Buff Woodpecker (Hemicircus concretus) - one in tree at tip, FH.
  132. Dusky Broadbill (Corydon sumatranus) - one juvenile perched in leafless treetop from Bukit Indah, TN.
  133. Black-and-red Broadbill (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos) - common, TN.
  134. Banded Broadbill (Eurylaimus javanicus) - pair heard and 1 seen, G. Common by call, TN.
  135. Black-and-Yellow Broadbill (Eurylaimus ochromalus) - commonly heard along most trails, TN.
  136. Long-tailed Broadbill (Psarisomus dalhousiae) - Seen twice along Bishop's Trail, FH.
  137. Green Broadbill (Calyptomena viridis) - commonly heard, one seen, TN.
  138. Rusty-naped Pitta (Pitta oatesi) - one heard calling from forest along new road, FH.
  139. Garnet Pitta (Pitta granatina) - several heard especially Cegar Anjung Trail, TN.
  140. Banded Pitta (Pitta guajana) - one heard on Cegar Anjung Trail, TN.
  141. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) - common, KS, G, TN.
  142. Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica) - common, KS, G, TN.
  143. Forest Wagtail (Dendronanthus indicus) - two along embankments around wetlands, KS.
  144. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) - few along road from FH to the waterfall. Few, Tembeling River, TN.
  145. Pied Triller (Lalage nigra) - few, KS.
  146. Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus picatus) - fairly common, FH, G.
  147. Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus) - one pair, Kuala Tembeling.
  148. Large Wood-Shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus) - few near Tabing Hide, TN.
  149. Large Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina macei) - common, FH.
  150. Bar-belled Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina striata) - seen on several occasions near Kuala Tahan, TN.
  151. Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus) - flock over peat-swamp near S and flock between KS and Rawang.
  152. Fiery Minivet (Pericrocotus igneus) - small flocks seen from canopy walkway and Bukit Indah, TN.
  153. Grey-chinned Minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) - common, FH.
  154. Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) - common, G. Common on lower section of the new road from FH.
  155. Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia) - several at KS and nesting pair at Kuala Tembeling jetty.
  156. Great Iora (Aegithina lafresnayei) - pair at Bukit Teresik, TN.
  157. Greater Green Leafbird (Chloropsis sonnerati) - fairly common, TN.
  158. Lesser Green Leafbird (Chloropsis cyanopogon) - total of 3 sightings near cafeteria and Kuala Trenggan, TN.
  159. Blue-winged Leafbird (Chloropsis cochinchinensis) - several, G. Two small flocks, TN.
  160. Orange-bellied Leafbird (Chloropsis hardwickii) - fairly common, FH.
  161. Straw-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus) - fairly common, TN.
  162. Black-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus atriceps) - common, G, TN.
  163. Black-crested Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanicterus) - common, G.
  164. Scaly-breasted Bulbul (Pycnonotus squamatus) - one in mixed bulbul flock in fruiting fig near cafeteria, TN.
  165. Grey-bellied Bulbul (Pycnonotus cyaniventris) - fairly common, TN.
  166. Puff-backed Bulbul (Pycnonotus eutilotus) - one in mixed bulbul flock at fruiting fig near cafeteria, Kuala Tahan, TN.
  167. Stripe-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus finlaysoni) - few at fruiting fig near cafeteria, TN.
  168. Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier) - common everywhere.
  169. Cream-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus simplex) - few at fruiting tree, G. Few at fruiting figs, TN.
  170. Red-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus brunneus) - common, G, TN.
  171. Spectacled Bulbul (Pycnonotus erythropthalmos) - common, TN.
  172. Ochraceous Bulbul (Criniger ochraceus) - common, G, FH.
  173. Grey-cheeked Bulbul (Alophoixus bres) - common, TN.
  174. Yellow-bellied Bulbul (Alophoixus phaeocephalus) - common, TN.
  175. Finsch's Bulbul (Criniger finschii) - two along Tahan River Trail near Tabing Hide, TN.
  176. Hairy-backed Bulbul (Tricholestes criniger) - few near Bukit Indah, TN.
  177. Buff-vented Bulbul (Hypsipetes charlottae) - common at fruiting figs, TN.
  178. Streaked Bulbul (Hypsipetes malaccensis) - common at fruiting fig in campground, TN.
  179. Ashy Bulbul (Hemixos flavala) - few in fruiting fig near cafeteria, TN.
  180. Mountain Bulbul (Hypsipetes mcclellandii) - fairly common, FH.
  181. Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) - common, S.
  182. Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) - few in mangroves, KS.
  183. Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus) - numerous, FH, G, TN.
  184. Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus remifer) - common, FH.
  185. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus) - common, TN.
  186. Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) - common, KS, TN, Kuala Lumpur.
  187. Black-and-crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus) - common, FH.
  188. Asian Fairy-bluebird (Irena puella) - few. G. Common, TN
  189. Crested Jay (Platylophus galericulatus) - fairly common by call and occasionally seen, TN.
  190. Green Magpie (Cissa chinensis) - fairly common along waterfall road, Bishop's Trail, FH.
  191. House Crow (Corvus splendens) - common roadside bird.
  192. Jungle Crow (Corvus enca) - few, TN.
  193. Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos) - common at all sites.
  194. Great Tit (Parus major) - several pairs in the mangroves, KS.
  195. Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea) - one pair along waterfall road, two pairs along new road, FH.
  196. Blue Nuthatch (Sitta azurea) - fairly common, FH.
  197. Short-tailed Babbler (Trichastoma malaccensis) - two seen in peat-swamp near S. Fairly common, TN.
  198. Horsfield's Babbler (Trichastoma sepiarium) - pair, TN. Song was simple and totally unlike that of Abbott's Babbler. Very short tail.
  199. Abbott's Babbler (Malacocincla abbotti) - commonly heard and occasionally seen, KS, TN.
  200. Sooty-capped Babbler (Malacopteron affine) - heard a few times and seen well only along start of Tembeling River Trail, TN.
  201. Scaly-crowned Babbler (Malacopteron cinereum) - common, TN.
  202. Rufous-crowned Babbler (Malacopteron magnum) - most common Malacopteron, TN.
  203. Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler (Pomatorhinus montanus) - 4 seen along Cegar Anjung Trail, TN.
  204. Streaked Wren-Babbler (Napothera brevicaudata) - two at rubbish tip, FH.
  205. Pygmy Wren-Babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla) - several heard, one seen along new road, FH.
  206. Large Wren-Babbler (Napothera macrodactyla) - 3 seen along Kumbang-Kuala Tahan (Tahan River) Trail, TN.
  207. Rufous-fronted Babbler (Stachyris rufifrons) - several heard along Fraser Hill road 3 km above the traffic station, G.
  208. Golden Babbler (Stachyris chrysaea) - common, FH.
  209. Grey-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigriceps) - few, FH.
  210. Chestnut-rumped Babbler (Stachyris maculata) - fairly common near Gua Kepayang, TN.
  211. Black-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigricollis) - one heard Yong Hide, TN.
  212. Striped Tit-Babbler (Macronous gularis) - common at all sites.
  213. Black Laughingthrush (Garrulax lugubris) - several along road to waterfall and numerous along new road, FH.
  214. Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush (Garrulax mitratus) - common, FH.
  215. Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush (Garrulax erythrocephalus) - few, FH.
  216. White-browed Shrike-Babbler (Pteruthius flaviscapis) - commonly heard and occasionally seen, FH.
  217. Black-eared Shrike-Babbler (Pteruthius melanotis) - fairly common, FH.
  218. Blue-winged Minla (Minla cyanouroptera) - few, FH.
  219. Brown Fulvetta (Alcippe brunneicauda) - fairly common by call and occasionally seen, especially on Bukit Teresik, TN.
  220. Mountain Fulvetta (Alcippe peracensis) - common, FH.
  221. Long-tailed Sibia (Heterophasia picaoides) - common, FH.
  222. White-bellied Yuhina (Yuhina zantholeuca) - one along Bishop's Trail, FH.
  223. Flyeater (Gerygone sulphurea) - common at KS, some TN.
  224. Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis) - common, KS, FH, G, TN.
  225. Mountain Leaf-Warbler (Phylloscopus trivirgatus) - one, FH.
  226. Chestnut-crowned Warbler (Seicercus castaniceps) - common, FH.
  227. Great Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) - one along border of rice fields, S.
  228. Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia flaviventris) - common, KS, S.
  229. Mountain Tailorbird (Orthotomus cuculatus) - common, FH.
  230. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) - common, KS, FH.
  231. Dark-necked Tailorbird (Orthotomus atrogularis) - common KS. Few, TN.
  232. Ashy Tailorbird (Orthotomus ruficeps) - common, KS.
  233. Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis) - common roadside bird.
  234. White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus) - common, TN.
  235. Rufous-tailed Shama (Copsychus pyrropygus) - few heard along Cegar Anjung Trail, 1 seen at Bukit Teresik, TN.
  236. Chestnut-naped Forktail (Enicurus ruficapillus) - fairly common, TN.
  237. White-crowned Forktail (Enicurus leschenaulti) - one between Kuala Treggnan and Kumbang, TN.
  238. Rufous-winged Philentoma (Philentoma pyrhopterum) - one along Cegar Anjung Trail, TN.
  239. Maroon-breasted Philentoma (Philentoma velatum) - one near Tabing Hide, TN.
  240. Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa daurica) - few, FH,TN.
  241. Ferruginous Flycatcher (Muscicapa ferruginea) - one, FH. Few, G.
  242. Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki) - one at rubbish tip, FH.
  243. Rufous-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula solitaris) - common along Bishop's Trail, Nuri Trail, FH.
  244. Little Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni) - several, FH.
  245. Rufous-chested Flycatcher (Ficedula dumetoria) - one female in mixed species flock along Tahan River, TN.
  246. Verditer Flycatcher (Eumyias thalassina) - one, G. Few along new road, FH.
  247. Large Niltava (Niltava grandis) - fairly common by call but only 1 seen, FH.
  248. Hill Blue-Flycatcher (Cyornis banyumas) - one male at tip, FH.
  249. Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher (Cyornis rufigaster) - several at KS.
  250. Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) - one along Tahan River, TN.
  251. Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) - few, G, FH, TN.
  252. White-throated Fantail (Rhipidura albicollis) - common, FH.
  253. Pied Fantail (Rhipidura javanica) - common, KS, TK.
  254. Spotted Fantail (Rhipidura perlata) - several especially along Tahan River Trail, TN.
  255. Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) - fairly common, TN.
  256. Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) - common, TN including 1 white-phase male.
  257. Mangrove Whistler (Pachycephala grisola) - several, KS.
  258. White-breasted Woodswallow (Artamus leucorynchus) - several over rice fields, S.
  259. Tiger Shrike (Lanius tigrinus) - one at Raub Bungalow and one along new road, FH.
  260. Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus) - common, FH.
  261. Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis) - common, KS, urban areas.
  262. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) - common.
  263. Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) - common, KS.
  264. Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) - heard daily and occasionally seen, TN.
  265. Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis) - common, KS. Few at Kuala Tembeling.
  266. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird (Anthreptes singalensis) - pair once in trees near cafeteria, TN.
  267. Purple-naped Sunbird (Hypogramma hypogrammicum) - fairly common, TN.
  268. Olive-backed Sunbird (Nectarinia jugularis) - common, KS.
  269. Black-throated Sunbird (Aethopyga saturata) - common, FH. Few, G.
  270. Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra) - few, TN.
  271. Long-billed Spiderhunter (Arachnothera robusta) - few at flowering Coral Bean Tree, Kuala Treggnan, TN.
  272. Spectacled Spiderhunter (Arachnothera flavigaster) - common at flowering Coral Bean Trees, Kuala Tahan, Kuala Treggnan, TN.
  273. Yellow-eared Spiderhunter (Arachnothera chrysogenys) - common at flowering Coral Bean Trees, Kuala Tahan, Kuala Treggnan, TN.
  274. Streaked Spiderhunter (Arachnothera magna) - very common, FH. Few G.
  275. Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker (Prionochilus maculatus) - seen a few times, TN.
  276. Yellow-vented Flowerpecker (Dicaeum chrysorrheum) - common, especially in fruiting fig by the cafeteria, TN.
  277. Plain Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor) - pair seen once, Bukit Indah, TN.
  278. Buff-bellied Flowerpecker (Dicaeum ignipectus) - fairly common, FH and G.
  279. Orange-bellied Flowerpecker (Dicaeum trigonostigma) - small flock once along Tahan River, TN.
  280. Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum cruentatum) - several in trees at Kuala Tembeling.
  281. Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) - few, KS. Few along canopy walkway, TN.
  282. Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) - common roadside bird.
  283. Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus) - fairly common along borders of rice fields, S.
  284. White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) - few, KS. Common, G.
  285. Nutmeg Mannikin (Lonchura punctulata) - common, KS.
  286. Chestnut Munia (Lonchura malacca) - one flock, KS.


  1. Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) - common, KS and TN.
  2. Silvered Leaf-monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus) - common, KS.
  3. Banded Leaf-monkey (Presbytis melalophos) - two, FH.
  4. Dusky Leaf-monkey (P. obscura) - fairly common, FH.
  5. Siamang (Hylobates syndacylus) - many heard, one seen along new road, FH. One group heard near Kumbang, TN.
  6. White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) - few heard, G. Commonly heard, TN.
  7. Giant Squirrel (Ratufa affinis) - one from canopy tower, TN.
  8. Prevost's Squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) - one Tahan River Trail, TN.
  9. Plantain Squirrel (Callosciurus notatus) - small squirrels thought to be this species were common, TN.
  10. Horse-tailed Squirrel (Sundasciurus hippurus) - medium squirrels thought to be this species occasionally seen, TN.
  11. Yellow-throated Martin (Martes flavigula) - two along Tahan River Trail, TN.
  12. Smooth Otter (Lutra perspicillata) - seen twice from watchtower nearest the boardwalk, KS.
  13. Malay Civet (Viverra tangalunga) - one came to can of tuna, Kumbang, TN.
  14. Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) - tracks frequent along Cegar Anjung, Tabing Hide, Kumbang Hide, TN.
  15. Malaysian Tapir (Tapirus indicus) - one seen at salt lick, Kumbang Hide, TN.
  16. Bearded Pig (Sus barbatus) - common, FH and TN.
  17. Mouse Deer (Tragulus spp.) - along trail near Kumbang Hide, TN.
  18. Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor) - one from Tahan Hide, TN.

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This page served with permission of the author by Urs Geiser;; March 27, 1998