Trip Report: Peninsular Malaysia, June 10-29, 1998

Aidan G. Kelly, Ireland;

Timing, costs etc.

For western travellers, now is a good time to visit SE Asia as the Asian economic crisis means that exchange rates are very attractive. I took an outward flight on 10 June at a cost of IRP 471.00 (c. US$ 650.00) inclusive of taxes. This excellent price included Dublin-London Heathrow return with Aer Lingus and LHR-Kuala Lumpur return with Malaysia Airlines. Flights were booked through Trailfinders in Dublin. Flight prices increased slightly after mid June however, due to the summer demand. The advantage of going with Malaysia Airlines was that it was a non-stop flight to KL from LHR. For western visitors, it is very cheap to live in Malaysia at the moment. In just over two and a half weeks, I spent about US$ 400.00 on buses, taxis, food, accommodation etc., making it one of the best value trips I've ever done. At the time of my visit 4 Malaysian ringgits were approximately the equivalent of 1US$.

Weather conditions etc.

Earlier in the year many parts of the peninsula were experiencing drought conditions, with visitors in May reporting very dry conditions in many areas. The rain had arrived by the time of my visit. It didn't hinder the birding too much as most of the heaviest rain fell in the late evenings and through the nights. Its presence definitely meant that certain species were more active and vocal than earlier in the season, though it also meant that many species were more dispersed through the forests and not concentrated around isolated forest pools, as reported by some observers at Taman Negara in May of this year. It was generally hot and humid throughout the trip, though not unbearably so. Thankfully the trip was totally smog-free with clear skies throughout.

Mosquitoes were present in most places visited, and I was glad that I had a brought along a good supply of repellent. Leeches were evident in some areas after the rain, especially along the Bishop's Trail at Fraser's Hill and near Kuala Trenggan at Taman Negara. Luckily, I managed to remain bite free of them, though at times I had to keep a close eye on boots and ankles and flick them off.

Notes on Sites Visited

Since I was using public transport, I decided not to travel too much and concentrate my birding on four key sites: The Gap (TG), Fraser's Hill (FH), Taman Negara (TN) and Kuala Selangor (KS).

The Gap

About 90km NE of Kuala Lumpur (KL), The Gap is an excellent area of rich hill forest. The habitat consists of forest covered hills as far as the eye can see. It's reached easily by public transport from the Pudu Raya Bus Station in central KL. Being only 8km below the resort of FH, anyone intending to visit FH should also visit The Gap too. Getting there: Bus no. 66 from Pudu Raya leaves from platform 20 and takes you as far as Kuala Kubu Bharu (KKB), where you connect with another bus to FH and The Gap. You buy your ticket on the bus so can avoid the chaos of the busy and confusing ticket desks at Pudu Raya. All bus fares are extremely cheap in Malaysia, the entire journey to The Gap costing less than US$2.00 from KL. From KKB bus station the bus leaves twice daily for Fraser's Hill and The Gap. It's necessary to get the 6am bus from Pudu Raya if you want to connect with the 8.30 am FH bus from KKB. It arrives at the Gap Resthouse at c. 9.15am and at FH just before 10am.

The only place to stay is at the famous Gap Resthouse, a big old colonial building, a little bit run down, but with huge comfortable rooms, and real charm. At 40 ringgit/night, it's great value. Birding begins right outside the Resthouse. Alternatively, one can go down the road towards KKB, along the road towards Raub, or head through the gate and up the FH road. It's best to book ahead for accommodation at the Resthouse (tel: 0060 (0)9 362 2227), especially at weekends, as they only have 8 rooms. During the week it can often be fairly empty though.

Fraser's Hill

After travelling up so many kilometres of winding roads through forest covered hills, it is strange to arrive at the town resort of Fraser's Hill (or Bukit Fraser). It seems totally out of context to have a supermarket, hotels, a golf course and numerous large villas and estates in such a wild area. At an altitude of over 1500m the FH resort area has a much cooler climate than the lowlands. This is its main attraction to the many non-birding visitors. Although there has been much development and some forest destruction in the area, the birding is still great around here, the various trails through the rich montane forests producing many good species. The controversial new road from The Gap area to Fraser's Hill is more or less completed but not opened to traffic at this stage. Apparently there seem to be problems with land slides from the cutting down of so many trees to make the road! When I was there the old road was still the one being used, with traffic making the journey up to FH from TG on alternate hours to the traffic coming down. I rented one of the Temerloh chalets during my stay at FH. They're fairly small and basic, but adequate and fairly clean, at least on the inside. At 35 ringgits/night this is probably the cheapest place to stay at FH, which is generally an expensive and overpriced area. Before travelling, I made a reservation to stay here through the Fraser's Hill Development Centre (FHDC) (tel: 0060 (0)9 266 3500). On my arrival, they didn't seem to have a record of it! However this wasn't a problem as a chalet was available. I found the best birding areas at FH to be the Bishop's trail and the Telecom loop.

Taman Negara

With an area covering more than 4300 sq. km., this huge national park contains the largest area of intact lowland rainforest remaining on the SE Asian mainland. It's also reckoned to contain some of the oldest rainforest in the world. Access to the resort area of TN at Kuala Tahan involves a 2.5-3 hr. trip by motorised wooden boat (sampan) along the Tembeling river from the river port of Kuala Tembeling, c. 250 km NE of KL. Kuala Tembeling may be reached by public transport from KL with a bus change at Jerantut. A quicker alternative is to book a place on the privately run, luxurious air-conditioned coach which leaves from the Hotel Istana in KL everyday at 8.00 am. At 50 ringgit return from KL literally to the jetty, this coach, although more expensive than using public transport, is very good value, for western visitors at least. Reservations for seats should be made at the Taman Negara Resort Office (tel: 0060 (0)3 245 5585) based at the Hotel Istana. Reservations for all accommodation at the Kuala Tahan resort can also be made at this number. Unless you camp or stay at the hostel (35 ringgit/night) at TN, accommodation is very overpriced. The luxury wooden chalets at more than 10 times the hostel price were far beyond my price bracket. The best places to eat at TN are the floating restaurants on the opposite side of the river to Kuala Tahan. A small ferry boat runs continuously back and forth across the river and charges half a ringgit for each trip. The resort restaurant and cafe are much more expensive.

Birding is brilliant all over TN, though can be slow at times. The more time the better here. I spent 9 nights here and was still getting new birds on my last day. I found the best areas to be the Jenet Muda trail, the River (Tahan) trail, the Tabing hide area and the area around Kuala Tahan resort. The Kuala Trenggan area and Kumbang hide areas were also good.

Kuala Selangor

The only non-forest birding I did, and then for only one day. KS is a 260 hectare nature park with mangroves, a lagoon and low scrub. It's situated c.70 km NW from KL and is accessible by bus from Pudu Raya. It has some hides and towers for viewing over and also boardwalks into the mangroves. It's good for herons, egrets, kingfishers and other water birds. I couldn't find any access means to the mudflats as all the boardwalks seemed to suddenly end in the mangroves.



Trip reports:



Thanks to Dave Cooper for all the very helpful pre-trip information and advice given.


The general itinerary and route were all pre-planned and almost all of the accommodation booked from Ireland before the trip.

10 June -- Left Dublin for LHR and flight to KL
11 June -- Arrived KL
12 June -- KL to The Gap
13 June -- The Gap to Fraser's Hill
14 June -- FH
15 June -- FH
16 June -- FH to The Gap
17 June -- The Gap to KL
18 June -- KL to Taman Negara
19 June -- TN
20 June -- TN
21 June -- TN
22 June -- TN
23 June -- TN
24 June -- TN
25 June -- TN
26 June -- TN
27 June -- TN to KL
28 June -- KL to Kuala Selangor and back to KL.
29 June -- Exit KL

Daily account:

10 June

Left Dublin at 19.30 hrs. (delayed) for LHR to connect with 22.00 hrs. flight to KL.

11 June

Arrived into Subang Int. Airport (KL) at 17.30 hrs. local time. Took taxi (25 ringgit) to Backpacker's Traveller's Inn (tel: 006 (0)3 238 2473), 60 Jalan Sultan, in the centre of KL. I had pre-booked my accommodation here from Ireland. It's a fairly clean and friendly place in Chinatown, though not very appealing from the outside. A room with air-con (a necessity!) was 40 ringgit. It's only about 5 minutes walk to the Pudu Raya Bus Station, so later I took a walk here, to check it out for the bus to The Gap tomorrow. Only birds noted en route from the airport were Indian House Crows, Common Mynas, House Swifts and Pacific Swallows.

12 June

Got 06.00 bus (no. 66) from platform 20 of Pudu Raya to Kuala Kubu Bharu, arriving here at 07.30. The FH bus then left from here at 08.30, where I got off at the Gap Resthouse, arriving at 09.15. Checked in and was out birding by 09.30. A fruiting tree outside the Resthouse was full of barbets, bulbuls and green pigeons. Spent some time here and then birded the road back towards KKB. Lunch at Resthouse.

Birded c. 3km up the FH road and back to the Resthouse in the afternoon. Spent the evening birding from the grounds of the Resthouse with Steve from Australia and a number of birders from Singapore. A light drizzling rain seemed to increase the bird activity. Took a walk towards KKB after dark, but no night birds seen. Main birding highlights: Rhinoceros Hornbill (one flew past the Resthouse at lunchtime. The first hornbill of the trip and the cause of quite a panic and disturbance during the meal); Blyth's Hawk-eagle, Yellow-vented Pigeons (in fruiting-tree), Little Cuckoo Dove, Malaysian Eared Nightjar, Bushy-crested Hornbill (a flock of 12 flew over the Resthouse area in the evening and perched briefly in some large trees); Gold-whiskered and Black-browed Barbets.

13 June

Out birding for first light (just before 07.00 am). Birded c. 2km down the road towards KKB with Steve. Back for breakfast at the Resthouse. Then went c. 3km up the road towards FH and back to the Resthouse. After lunch, got a lift up to FH with a Malaysian family whom I met at the Resthouse. This meant that I got up here a little bit earlier than the bus which passes the Resthouse at c.15.00 hrs. Checked into Temerloh chalets for the next three nights. Went down to nearby Bishop's trail and met the Singapore birders who were trying hard to see Rusty-naped Pitta. We heard one very close to the trail, but failed to see it. The rain began, and I then went by car with the Singapore birders to the Telecom loop, where we birded until dusk.

Main birding highlights: Hearing both Great Argus and Helmeted Hornbill calling soon after dawn from across the valley on the KKB road, down from the Resthouse. The latter has one of the best calls I've ever heard from any bird, consisting of loud and resonant hollow "poops" which slowly accelerate and then give way to an uncanny human-like maniacal laugh. Other fine birds were Fire-tufted Barbet and Blue Nuthatch at FH, hearing Rusty-naped Pitta on the Bishop's trail and seeing a Bamboo Woodpecker in the bamboo c.1km down from the Resthouse towards KKB.

14 June

Out for dawn at Bishop's trail, Bishop's house and the Old Zoo area. Then down to mosque by Hemmant trail (just up the road from the entrance to the Bishop's trail). Lunch at open-air restaurant beside mosque. Then visited small stream near gate on road to The Gap, which is the site for Malayan Whistling Thrush, a species endemic to the Malay peninsula and classified as near-threatened with extinction by Collar et al.(1994). Extremely lucky to see the Whistling Thrush within ten minutes of waiting during the middle of the day (c.2pm). Dawn is supposedly the best time, when it sometimes hops about on the road under the street lamps. After dawn the best area to look is 20-30m up from the gate, where there is a 'hole' in the vegetation allowing one to look down the gully into the stream below. Good views of the thrush were obtained here as it hopped around on the rocks in full view for a few minutes. 3 Slaty-backed Forktails were also seen from here. Then to Mager trail (which used to be called the Maybank trail). This is supposedly the best site for Mountain Peacock Pheasant, the only other peninsular Malaysian endemic. Unfortunately none were seen by me, and nobody else that I met for that matter.

Back to the Bishop's trail in the evening, just in time for the rain to begin! However my luck from the morning continued when I eventually succeeded in seeing a Rusty-naped Pitta about 1km down the Bishop's trail. The bird showed itself in full view on and off over a period of about 15 minutes. A much sought after bird, notoriously shy and hard to see, even by pitta standards. I couldn't believe my good luck as most birders seem to succeed in missing them. This was bird of the trip, so far... Ate at restaurant beside the mosque (the one furthest in from the road, as recommended by people I met at the Gap Resthouse). Good satay and nasi goreng! Birding highlights: See above. Also memorable was Lesser Shortwing and White-tailed Robin on the Bishop's trail.

15 June

Dawn on Mager trail in vain attempt for Mountain Peacock Pheasant. Then up to High Pines and walked first 1km of the Pine Lodge trail from here. Back down to town for breakfast at Spice's bar. The "Guinness" sign outside made me feel slightly at home! Then completed the Telecom loop, getting back to the chalet just before the heaviest of the rain began at dusk. Some good birds, but sadly no Cutias, which were reportedly fairly easy to see along and near the Telecom loop in May of this year. Out to the restaurant at the mosque for evening meal.

Birding highlights: Rufous-bellied Eagle (excellent 'scope views of a perched bird on the Telecom loop), Large Scimitar Babbler, Mountain Leaf-warbler, Blue Nuthatch, Bay Woodpecker, Little Pied Flycatcher.

16 June

Out to the Mager trail for dawn. Highlight was a Pygmy Wren Babbler hopping around in full view. Met one of the Singapore birders who was staying on at FH for a few days. He had seen a family party of Cutias near the Pine Resort Hotel yesterday afternoon, (while I was searching for them on the Telecom loop!). Went to the area via the Lady Maxwell road, en route, getting blip views of another Rusty-naped Pitta near the entrance to the Bishop's trail. A Helmeted Hornbill called from across the valley, frustratingly, a species I still hadn't seen. Unfortunately, there was no sign of any Cutias near the Pine Resort. Went back to town for breakfast at Spice's bar.

Then completed Telecom loop and back to Pine Resort Hotel area again, for a final attempt at Cutia. It soon became apparent that seeing this species would have to wait until a trip to Nepal! Headed back to chalet and checked out. Got 4pm bus down to Gap Resthouse and checked in for one final night. Birded the Resthouse area. The fruiting tree had been virtually cleaned out by the birds, and there was little activity in the general area. Went down the road towards KKB until dusk. Highlight in the evening was fairly good views of 3 Wreathed Hornbills along the KKB road.

17 June

Got up at 05.45, to be at the 2km point on the FH road for dawn. This was a good area for viewing over the forest, and I knew that Helmeted Hornbill had been seen from here on a number of occasions in the recent past. Unfortunately, none was heard, never mind seen. Went a bit further up along the FH road and then back to Resthouse by 10.45 for a breakfast. Then birded the road towards KKB. A Helmeted Hornbill was then heard c. 2km down the road. It finally gave some brief overhead flight views. This would have to do me. Got the KKB bus at around 16.40 from the gate area near the Resthouse. This connected immediately with a bus to KL at the KKB bus station. Backpacker's Inn was full, so booked into KL City Lodge near the bus station, (30 ringgit). Noisy and not as good as Backpacker's.

Main birding highlights: Finally seeing Helmeted Hornbill; Red-bearded Bee-eater, Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler and White-hooded Babblers along the FH road and a Bamboo Woodpecker again in the bamboo about 1km along the KKB road from the Resthouse.

18 June

Got to the Hotel Istana by 07.30, from where my pre- booked bus to the Taman Negara National Park was leaving. Bus left soon after 08.00. Arrived at Kuala Tembeling river port at c. 12.45. Obtained ticket for boat (19 ringgit) and permit for park (1 ringgit) at small office. Boat left at 14.00, arriving at Kuala Tahan at c. 16.45. Checked into hostel (35 ringgit/night), my base for the next 9 nights. Hostel was basic enough, but clean, with lockers and mosquito nets provided. Spent the rest of the evening birding around the resort grounds, along the River trail and up the first few hundred metres of the Jenet Muda trail. Ate at Cafe Teresek. Not great and a bit overly priced. The floating restaurants turned out to be much better value. Main birding highlights: 2 Black-thighed Falconets around the resort HQ, the only ones of the trip, a Great Argus heard calling along the River trail and another from the JM trail; Banded Woodpecker and a fantastic Black-and-red Broadbill.

19 June

Was determined to see Great Argus today. They were now obviously very vocal after the rains. After following the loud "kwow wow" of a calling bird on the slope above the second stream on Jenet Muda (a known stakeout site for the species), I suddenly noticed about 70m away, what I first thought to be a fallen tree across the trail. Raising the binoculars revealed what was in fact the fantastically long tail of a male Great Argus, it's body hidden behind a tree as it called. I slowly walked along the trail and approached the bird to less than 10m before it casually walked off a small mound, crossed the trail on front of me, and vanished into the forest. One of the most memorable events of the trip. Later, a very approachable female bird was seen towards the river end of the Jenet Muda trail.

Coverage: River trail to Lubok Simpon and then down Jenet Muda trail and on to canopy walkway which unfortunately was closed. Back to Kuala Tahan resort. In the afternoon did Swamp loop trail and then Jenet Muda/Bukit Teresek circuit again. Swamp loop again in late evening. Food at floating restaurants.

Main birding highlights: Great Argus, Crested Firebacks (2 pairs along Swamp loop), Blue-banded Kingfisher, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Brown Barbet, Crested Jay, Large Wren Babbler and a pair of White-bellied Woodpeckers.

20 June

Went slowly up River trail as far as Tabing hide. Returned the same way, birding a short distance off-trail at times. Ate at floating restaurants towards dusk. Torrential rain soon after dusk, continued well into the night.

Main birding highlights: Garnet Pitta (3 birds heard and eventually one of them seen after some time and effort); Banded Pitta (one brief sighting, the only one of the trip, after going off the trail to follow a calling bird, c. 200 m before the Tabing hide on the left hand side); Chestnut-naped Forktail, Lesser Fish-eagle, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Ferruginous Babbler and Rufous-chested Flycatcher.

21 June

Today it more or less rained all day. It wasn't too heavy though, and it was possible to keep birding throughout the day. Went up River trail to Lubok Simpon and then down Jenet Muda trail. Up to first viewpoint at Bukit Teresek. Back down to resort along Bukit Teresek trail. Did Swamp loop and sheltered from rain in Tahan hide for a while. After lunch, completed the River trail/Jenet Muda/Teresek circuit again, returning to resort just before dusk. Over to floating restaurants to eat.

Main birding highlights: Great Argus (male and female seen at different ends of JM without trying), Changeable Hawk-eagle (one seen from Tahan hide), Rufous Woodpecker, Short-tailed Babbler, Rufous-winged Flycatcher (Philentoma). A blip view was had of a Malaysian Peacock Pheasant along the JM trail. The harsh duck-like cackling call was then heard, tantalisingly close to the trail, but all further efforts to see the species failed today.

22 June

Went up river trail to Tabing hide, and then walked c.1.5 km further up along Gunung Tahan trail. Then a hard slog in the heat and very high humidity (after yesterday's rains) up to Bukit Teresek from the River trail. Went down Jenet Muda trail from the Teresek end. Met two Swedish birders close to the river end of JM, the only birders I was to meet at TN. We all ate together at the floating restaurants that evening.

Main birding highlights: The best sighting today, and just beating Rusty-naped Pitta to the title of Bird of the Trip, was a Malaysian Rail-babbler. The bird was seen beyond the second stream on the JM Trail, not far from where I had the first Great Argus sighting. An absolutely mind-blowing bird, more intensely coloured than the field-guides depict. It walked slowly and furtively across the leaf litter, stopping at times and bending its head and neck down to reveal the bluish skin at the side of its neck as it uttered its high pitched whistle. My best memory of it was watching it walk slowly along a fallen tree flicking its tail Moorhen-like. One of the best birds I've ever seen. Other birding highlights on this memorable day were: Finally getting a decent view of a Malaysian Peacock Pheasant on the JM trail, a pair of Diard's Trogons and an Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher near the Tabing hide, the first Green Broadbills of the trip (a fantastically placid and gentle looking species), Chestnut-rumped and Black-throated Babblers.

23 June

Spent first part of morning watching a large fruiting tree outside the hostel. Before long I had seen three new species: Straw-headed Bulbul, Little Green Pigeon and a female Jambu Fruit Dove along with a good selection of commoner bulbuls and barbets. Went over to floating restaurants for breakfast. As I ate, I watched a group of 7 Rhinoceros Hornbills move through the large trees with almost slow-motion flight, high up along the forested slopes on the far side of the Tahan river. I then went up the River trail to the Tabing hide, seeing a fabulous male Jambu Fruit Dove near the beginning of the trail. It flew towards Kuala Tahan. The Swedes later had what may have been the same bird in a fruiting tree at Kuala Tahan. Then down JM trail as far as second stream and back to Kuala Tahan to look again at the fruiting trees in the evening. Did the Swamp loop in the last hour before dusk where I met up with the Swedes. We all ate together at the floating restaurants. At the HQ we booked to stay at the Kumbang hide for the following night.

Main birding highlights: See above, also Maroon-breasted Flycatcher (Philentoma) on the JM trail and a female Orange-backed Woodpecker on the Swamp loop.

24 June

Spent today birding with the Swedes. First around the resort looking at two different fruiting trees in the area. Went up River trail and down JM trail as far as second stream and back. Had lunch at floating restaurants, and then we got the boat up to Kuala Trenggan, and walked to Kumbang hide, birding along the way. Main birding highlights: Two male Malaysian Peacock Pheasants were seen flying through the trees, and vigorously chasing each other along the JM Trail. A female Crestless Fireback crossed the trail between Kuala Trenggan and the Kumbang hide (a species I didn't think I was going to see); a single Black Hornbill, a Black-winged Flycatcher Shrike and a Long-billed Spiderhunter. A Helmeted Hornbill called near the Kumbang hide, the first I had heard at TN. No animals were seen from the Kumbang hide, though torrential rain, which began at about c. 1am and continued until soon after dawn on 25th didn't help.

25 June

In the morning birded around the Kumbang hide area. The Swedes headed back to Kuala Tahan on the 11am boat. I decided to spend some more time in the area, getting the boat back to K. Tahan at 15.30. Then went up to JM trail via Bukit Teresek trail. Met the Swedes in the evening, and we went to the floating restaurants to eat.

Main birding highlights: 2 Fluffy-backed Tit-babblers, a Malaysian Peacock Pheasant and good but brief views of a Garnet Pitta, all around the K. Trenggan/Kumbang area. Once again a Helmeted Hornbill called fairly close to the trail near Kumbang, but no views were had.

26 June

Early morning at the fruiting trees around the resort. Finally did the canopy walkway. Then Swamp loop and from there up the River trail to the Tabing hide. Went back down to JM trail, where I had arranged to meet the Swedes at the second stream at 16.00 to look for the Malaysian Rail-babbler which I had seen on 22nd. There was no sign of it when we got to the area. The arrival of fairly heavy rain put an end to the searching, and we abandoned our attempts and headed back towards the River trail and the resort in the heavy rain. Of course the rain had almost stopped by the time we reached KT!

Main birding highlights: A tall fruiting tree along the River trail (just beyond the entrance to the JM trail) held a Black Hornbill. This was nice enough but on my return to the tree some time later, a movement eventually revealed itself as another hornbill, not the Black, but this time a male Wrinkled Hornbill, a rare and threatened species, which I had not expected to see, although the Swedes had seen a small group of them flying over the Resort area a few days previously. A pair of Wreathed Hornbills seen nearby, and a few Oriental Pieds in the fruiting trees around the resort made for a brilliant collection of hornbills today. Other good stuff was a pair of Orange-backed Woodpeckers and a total count of 10 Crested Firebacks at three different spots along the trails. A single Whiskered Treeswift seen perched in a tree near the river, from the canopy walkway, was the only one of the trip.

27 June

Most of today was spent travelling back from TN with the Swedes to KL, though we birded around the resort area before the boat at 9.00 am. Highlights were Black-bellied Malkoha and Malayan Bronze Cuckoo, and a group of Hill Mynas seen from the boat on the journey to K. Tembeling. Arrived into K. Tembeling at 10.45. Ate at a cafe here, and then boarded the bus for KL at 12.30. Arrived at the Hotel Istana at 16.15. Took a taxi with the Swedes to the Backpacker's Inn and checked in. We became real tourists for a few hours and went up the Menara Telecom tower for a view over the city. We then visited a hypermarket, before ending up at "The Hard Rock Cafe" for a welcome few beers.

28 June

The Swedes headed off to the airport for the flight home. I had one more day, so took a taxi (40 ringgit) at 06.30 to the Kuala Selangor Nature Park. Spent day here. Before leaving, bought some bird books at the park HQ shop. A lot of material is for sale here at cheaper prices than you'd pay in Europe. Walked back to KS town in the evening and got the bus back to KL, (less than 4 ringgit!), arriving back at the Backpacker's Inn by 19.15. Main birding highlights: Pink-necked Pigeons, Mangrove Whistler, Flyeater, Malaysian Blue Flycatcher, Jungle Myna, Laced Woodpecker, and an unseasonal Forest Wagtail. A Mangrove Pitta was heard calling but not seen.

29 June

Early taxi to airport to avoid heavy traffic. Departed KL for LHR at 11.00 am.

Species List

Numbers correspond with those in Lekagul and Round (1991). A * sign indicates that this species is not covered in Lekagul and Round.

15. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) Seen only at KS where common.

16. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) 2 seen at KS

22. Great White Egret (Ardea alba) Seen only at KS where common.

24. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) Seen only at KS where common.

25. Little (Striated) Heron (Butorides striatus) Seen only at KS where common.

69. Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus) One seen perched at KS.

71. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) Seen only at KS where common.

88. Lesser Fish-eagle (Ichthyophaga humilis) A single fly-by sighting along the River trail at TN. This species is considered to be Near-threatened with extinction by Collar et al.(1994).

90. Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela) Recorded in small numbers at the four sites visited.

92. Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) One seen from the Tahan hide at TN.

93. Blyth's Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus alboniger) Seen regularly at TG, where at least two birds were present.

95. Rufous-bellied Eagle (Hieraaetus kienerii) 1 seen well on the Telecom Loop, FH.

111. Black-thighed Falconet (Microhierax fringillarius). Just two seen at Kuala Tahan, TN, on one occasion.

120. Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) Fairly frequent along the trails around Kuala Tahan, TN, with a max. count of 10 on one day. This species is considered to be Vulnerable to extinction by Collar et al.(1994), because of lowland rain forest destruction and hunting in many parts of its range.

* Crestless Fireback (Lophura erythrophthalma) A female crossed the trail between Kuala Trenggan and the Kumbang hide at TN. Shyer and more secretive than the last species, Crestless Fireback is also considered to be Vulnerable to extinction by Collar et al.(1994), because of lowland rain forest destruction and fragmentation throughout its entire range.

122. Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) A single sighting of a female at KS.

125. Malaysian Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron malacense) Heard fairly regularly at TN, but getting a good view of the species took some time. This is another species considered to be Vulnerable by Collar et al.(1994), again because of lowland rain forest destruction. Numbers have been severely reduced and the entire range of the species may soon be restricted to just five protected areas.

126. Great Argus (Argusianus argus). Regularly heard calling throughout the day at TN, although most vocal in mornings and evenings. Max. of 6 heard on one day. 4 different sightings of birds during the time spent at TN. One also heard at TG along the KKB road.

* Grey-breasted Hill Partridge (Arborophila orientalis) A group of four birds seen on the trail near the Old Zoo, FH. Often considered to be a separate species to 127. Bar-backed (Brown-breasted) Hill Partridge (Arborophila brunneopectus).

133. Ferruginous Wood Partridge (Caloperdix oculea). Heard c. 2km. along the FH road from TG, but unfortunately not seen.

247. Yellow-vented Pigeon (Treron seimundi) 4 seen visiting a fruiting tree outside the Gap Resthouse.

250. Thick-billed Pigeon (Treron curvirostra) Seen in fruiting trees at TG and at TN, with a max. count of 10 at TG.

253. Little Green Pigeon (Treron olax) Recorded in fruiting trees at Kuala Tahan, TN.

254. Pink-necked Pigeon (Treron vernans) Seen at KS.

258. Jambu Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus jambu) Male and female seen at TN.

261. Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Ducula badia) A few seen at TN.

267. Little Cuckoo Dove (Macropygia ruficeps) Fairly regular around TG area. Also seen at FH.

270. Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) Seen at KS only.

271. Zebra (Peaceful) Dove (Geopelia striata) Seen at KS only.

272. Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) Seen at TG and TN.

* Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda) One flew over the resort area at Kuala Tahan, TN, but views were bad.

278. Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) A few seen flying over at TN, but good views were never obtained. Another species considered Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994)

280. Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (Loriculus galgulus) Regularly seen flying over TN and especially at TG, but again, good views were never obtained.

286. Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) Heard calling daily along the River trail at TN, but never seen.

292. Rusty-breasted (Brush) Cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulcralis) A few sightings around the resort area and Swamp loop, TN.

294. Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus) A few seen flying over and calling at TN.

295. Malayan Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx minutillus) One seen in the resort area, TN.

296. Drongo Cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris) A few sightings at TN, including a juvenile being fed by a Striped Tit-babbler.

297. Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) Heard at KS, but not seen.

298. Black-bellied Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus diardi) One seen around the resort at TN.

299. Chestnut-bellied Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus sumatranus) 2 seen at TN.

300. Green-billed Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus tristis) Seen regularly around the Gap Resthouse.

301. Raffles' Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus) Three seen at TN.

302. Red-billed Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus javanicus) Recorded on three days at TN, with a max. of two birds in a day.

303. Chestnut-breasted Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus curvirostris) Recorded on three days at TN, with a max. of three birds in a day.

305. Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) Seen along the river edges at TN.

311. Reddish Scops Owl (Otus rufescens) What was reckoned to be this species was heard calling from the Kumbang hide during the night.

312. Mountain Scops Owl (Otus spilocephalus) One heard calling from the Gap Resthouse during the night.

331. Malaysian Eared Nightjar (Eurostopodus temminckii) Up to 5 birds seen at The Gap Resthouse near dusk.

337. Diard's Trogon (Harpactes diardii) A pair seen briefly near the Tabing hide, TN.

341. Red-headed Trogon (Harpactes erythrocephalus) One seen along the Telecom loop, FH.

345. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) 1 seen at TN.

347. Blue-banded Kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona) 1 seen at Lubok Simpon, TN.

348. Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher (Ceyx erithacus) One of the "red-backed" form was seen near the Tabing hide on one occasion.

351. Stork-billed Kingfisher (Halcyon capensis) Regularly seen at TN along the rivers.

353. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) Seen at TN and common at KS.

355. Collared Kingfisher (Halcyon chloris) Fairly common at KS

360. Blue-throated Bee-eater (Merops viridis) Fairly common around TN.

361. Red-bearded Bee-eater (Nyctyornis amictus) One seen c. 1km along the FH road from TG.

364. Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis) 3 seen at TN one two different days.

368. Bushy-crested Hornbill (Anorrhinus galeritus) 12 seen from the Gap Resthouse was the only definite sighting.

370. Wrinkled Hornbill (Rhyticeros corrugatus) A male in a fruiting tree along the River trail was a very welcome sighting.

371. Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus) Seen at TG and then almost daily at TN with a max. of six in one day.

373. Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) One seen between Kuala Trenggan and the Kumbang hide and another along the River trail. A group also heard calling along the JM trail. This species is classed as Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994).

374. Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) Regularly seen feeding in fruiting trees around the resort, especially early in the morning.

375. Rhinoceros Hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros) Seen at TG. Heard regularly at TN and seen occasionally, with a max. of 7 birds seen one day.

377. Helmeted Hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) Heard at TG and FH. Also at the Kumbang hide area of TN. Only one brief sighting at TG. Another hornbill species considered to be Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994).

381. Gold-whiskered Barbet (Megalaima chrysopogon) Seen in fruiting trees at TG and TN.

383. Red-throated Barbet (Megalaima mystacophanos) Seen in fruiting trees at TG and TN.

387. Yellow-crowned Barbet (Megalaima henricii) Heard regularly at TN, but never managed to see any.

389. Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala) Seen once in a fruiting tree at Kuala Tahan, TN.

390. Brown Barbet (Calorhamphus fuliginosus) Seen in fruiting trees at TN, with up to six seen in a day.

* Black-browed Barbet (Megalaima oorti) Seen in fruiting tree at The Gap Resthouse.

* Fire-tufted Barbet (Psilopogon pyrolophus) Seen at FH, where the max. count was six on one day. Regularly heard calling around the FH area.

393. Speckled Piculet (Picumnus innominatus) Three sightings at FH.

395. Rufous Piculet (Sasia abnormis) One sighting near TG and two at TN.

396. Orange-backed Woodpecker (Reinwardtipicus validus) A female on the Swamp loop and a pair along the River trail, TN.

398. Common Flameback (Goldenback) (Dinopium javanense) 1 seen at TN.

401. Bamboo Woodpecker (Gecinulus viridis) A female seen twice in bamboo at TG on the KKB road.

402. Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus) Seen at KS where fairly common.

407. Greater Yellownape (Picus flavinucha) Up to five seen at FH.

408. Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus) Two sightings at FH.

408. Banded Woodpecker (Picus miniaceus) One seen at TN.

411. Checker-throated Woodpecker (Picus mentalis) 2 seen on the FH road c. 2km above TG. One definite sighting at TN.

410/411. Crimson-winged or Checker-throated Woodpecker (Picus puniceus or P. mentalis) Two sightings of one of this pair at TN.

412. Rufous Woodpecker (Celeus brachyurus) Seen on two occasions at TN.

414. Bay Woodpecker (Blythipicus pyrrhotis) A few seen along the Telecom loop at FH.

416. White-bellied Woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis) A pair gave good views below the first viewpoint at Bukit Teresek, TN, on one occasion.

417. Buff-rumped Woodpecker (Meiglyptes tristis) 3 seen along the River trail at TN.

418. Buff-necked Woodpecker (Meiglyptes tukki) Seen along road between TG and FH, and then fairly regularly at TN, with a max. of four in one day.

421. Grey-and-buff Woodpecker (Hemicircus concretus) Seen twice at TN, with a max. of three birds seen at one time.

427. Grey-capped Woodpecker (Picoides canicapillus) One seen along Telecom loop, FH.

429. Black-and-red Broadbill (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos) Seen fairly regularly at TN, with up to three birds in one day.

431. Black-and-yellow Broadbill (Eurylaimus ochromalus) Seen twice at TN and regularly heard calling from the highest parts of the tallest trees!

432. Silver-breasted Broadbill (Serilophus lunatus) One seen near the Gap Resthouse along the KKB road.

434. Green Broadbill (Calyptomena viridis) Three sightings at TN.

435. Rusty-naped Pitta (Pitta oatesi) Seen well on one occasion along the Bishop's trail, FH. Brief views obtained on another day at the very beginning of the trail. Max. of three birds recorded on the Bishop's trail, including birds seen and heard.

439. Mangrove Pitta (Pitta megarhyncha) Heard at KS, but not seen.

440. Garnet Pitta (Pitta granatina) Heard fairly regularly at TN, and seen on two occasions.

444. Banded Pitta (Pitta guajana) One heard and eventually seen briefly near the Tabing hide, TN.

447. Edible-nest Swiftlet (Aerodramus fuciphagus) One sighting at KS.

448. White-bellied Swiftlet (Collocalia esculenta) Very common at The Gap Resthouse.

451. Asian Palm Swift (Cypsiurus balasiensis) Three seen near the resort at TN on one occasion.

452. Silver-rumped Swift (Rhaphidura leucopygialis) Seen almost daily at TG, FH and TN.

455. House Swift (Apus affinis) Very common everywhere, although at TN only seen around the resort area.

458. Brown Needletail (Hirundapus giganteus) Seen on a few occasions at TN, especially along the rivers.

460. Grey-rumped Treeswift (Hemiprocne longipennis) Seen near TG, on the FH road and also on a few occasions at TN.

461. Whiskered Treeswift (Hemiprocne comata) One seen at TN, from the canopy walkway, near the river.

467. Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica) Common.

469. Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica badia) Fairly common around the Gap Resthouse and also seen near FH. This race is often considered a separate species, Striated Swallow (H. striolata badia).

484. Forest Wagtail (Dendronanthus indicus) An unseasonal bird seen at KS.

486. Bar-winged Flycatcher Shrike (Hemipus picatus) Seen twice at TG.

487. Black-winged Flycatcher Shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus) Seen three times at TN.

488. Large Wood Shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus) Seen twice at TG.

490. Large Cuckoo Shrike (Coracina macei) Up to five seen at FH, mostly along the Telecom loop.

498. Fiery Minivet (Pericrocotus igneus) One seen at TN.

499. Grey-chinned Minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) Seen regularly at FH.

502. Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) A few seen at TG and TN.

503. Green Iora (Aegithina viridissima) Two seen at TG.

504. Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia) Seen at Kuala Tembeling while waiting on the boat to TN. Also one at KS.

506. Lesser Green Leaf-bird (Chloropsis cyanopogon) A few at TN.

509. Blue-winged Leaf-bird (Chloropsis cochinchinensis) A few seen at TG.

512. Straw-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus) Seen on two occasions around the resort area at TN. This species is classed as Vulnerable to extinction by Collar et al. (1994), due to hunting, and capture for the cage bird trade, especially in the Greater Sundas.

514. Black-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus atriceps) Seen regularly at TG and TN.

515. Black-crested Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanicterus) Seen regularly at TG.

517. Scaly-breasted Bulbul (Pycnonotus squamatus) A few seen at TG and at the resort area of TN.

518. Grey-bellied Bulbul (Pycnonotus cyaniventris) A few seen at TG and at the resort area of TN.

522. Puff-backed Bulbul (Pycnonotus eutilotus) Recorded fairly regularly at TN, where up to five were seen on one day.

523. Stripe-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus finlaysoni) A few seen at TG and at the resort area of TN.

525. Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier) Fairly common at TN.

526. Olive-winged Bulbul (Pycnonotus plumosus) A few seen almost daily at TN.

527. Streak-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus blanfordi) One definite sighting at TN.

529. Red-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus brunneus) One sighting of three birds at TN.

533. Ochraceous Bulbul (Criniger ochraceus) Seen at both TG and FH.

534. Grey-cheeked Bulbul (Criniger bres) Two definite sightings at TN.

535. Yellow-bellied Bulbul (Criniger phaeocephalus) Three birds seen at TN.

537. Hairy-backed Bulbul (Hypsipetes criniger ) Recorded on four days at TN, with a max. of four birds on one day.

541. Mountain Bulbul (Hypsipetes mcclellandii) Seen regularly at FH.

543. Ashy Bulbul (Hypsipetes flavala) Seen regularly at TG.

549. Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus) Fairly commonly recorded at TG, FH and TN.

550. Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus remifer) Regularly seen at TG, FH and TN.

552. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus) Seen at FH and TN.

554. Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) Seen at TN and also at KS.

* Black-and-crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus) Three sightings at FH.

559. Asian Fairy-bluebird (Irena puella) Commonly seen at fruiting trees at TG and TN.

560. Crested Jay ( Platylophus galericulatus) Two sightings at TN: one on JM trail, one near Kumbang hide.

563. Green Magpie (Cissa chinensis) Recorded almost daily at FH in small numbers.

569. Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos) Seen at TG and also near KL.

570. Indian House Crow (Corvus splendens) Seen near KL and also at KS.

* Slender-billed Crow (Corvus enca) What was reckoned to be this species was seen and heard calling at TN.

574. Great Tit (Parus major) Four seen in the mangroves at KS.

575. Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea) Two seen at the Gap Resthouse and one at FH.

579. Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (Sitta frontalis) One sighting of about 6 birds in a mixed feeding flock at TG, along the KKB road.

* Blue Nuthatch (Sitta azurea) Seen twice at FH, both times along the Telecom loop.

584. Black-capped Babbler (Pellorneum capistratum) Seen on 4 days at TN, with up to 3 seen on one day.

586. Buff-breasted Babbler (Trichastoma tickelli) Seen along the Bishop's trail at FH.

587. Short-tailed Babbler (Trichastoma malaccense) Seen on three days at TN.

589. Ferruginous Babbler (Trichastoma bicolor) Seen on four days at TN, with a max. of two seen on any one day. This species is listed as Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994)

591. Abbott's Babbler (Trichastoma abbotti) Seen on three days at TN, with up to 4 seen on one day.

592. Moustached Babbler (Malacopteron magnirostre) Only one definite sighting at TN.

594. Scaly-crowned Babbler (Malacopteron cinereum) Recorded regularly at TN.

595. Rufous-crowned Babbler (Malacopteron magnum) Recorded regularly at TN.

596. Large Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus hypoleucos) Two birds seen near the start of the Telecom loop, FH. Brilliant call!

* Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus montanus) Only one seen briefly c. 1 km along the FH road from TG.

602. Large Wren-babbler (Napothera macrodactyla) Two sightings at TN. One at the edge of the trail on JM. The other seen as I went off trail looking for the calling Banded Pitta, near the Tabing hide. This species is classed as Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994), due to lowland rainforest destruction.

* Marbled Wren-babbler (Napothera marmorata) One heard briefly about 2km. up the FH road from TG. Unfortunately it wasn't seen. Another wren-babbler species considered Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994).

604. Streaked Wren-babbler (Napothera brevicaudata) Good views obtained of two birds along Bishop's trail, FH. Also another two seen on Mager trail, FH.

605. Eye-browed Wren-babbler (Napothera epilepidota) Heard along the Mager trail, but not seen.

606. Pygmy Wren-babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla) Fairly common but hard to see at FH. Heard quite a bit but only seen once when a bird gave excellent views out in the open along the Mager trail. Song consists of two spaced apart piping whistles, the second one lower in pitch.

608. Rufous-fronted Babbler (Stachyris rufifrons) Seen on two occasions at FH.

609. Golden Babbler (Stachyris chrysaea) Seen almost daily at FH in small numbers.

610. Grey-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigriceps) Seen twice around TG area.

613. Chestnut-rumped Babbler (Stachyris maculata) Two birds seen once along JM trail, TN.

615. Black-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigricollis) Seen on three different days at TN.

616. Chestnut-winged Babbler (Stachyris erythroptera) Seen almost daily at TN.

617. Striped Tit-babbler (Macronous gularis) Recorded at TG and TN.

618. Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler (Macronous ptilosus) A pair were seen between the Kumbang hide and Kuala Trenggan, TN.

* Black Laughingthrush (Garrulax lugubris) Recorded on three days on the road up to FH from TG.

* Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush (Garrulax mitratus) Reasonably common at FH, and the road up to FH from TG.

628. Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush (Garrulax erythrocephalus) Reasonably common at FH, and the road up to FH from TG.

631. Rufous-winged Fulvetta (Alcippe castaneceps) One sighting of a single bird at FH.

635. Mountain Fulvetta (Alcippe peracensis) Common at FH and seen daily.

640. White-bellied Yuhina (Yuhina zantholeuca) One sighting of a single bird at FH.

642. Black-eared Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius melanotis) Seen along the Bishop's trail and Telecom loop, FH.

643. White-browed Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius flaviscapis) Four birds recorded at FH.

644. Blue-winged Minla (Minla cyanouroptera) Seen almost daily at FH.

647. Silver-eared Mesia (Leiothrix argentauris) Fairly common at FH, with the most being a group of 12 birds near the High Pines. Fairly inquisitive and tame birds.

648. White-hooded Babbler (Gampsorhynchus rufulus) Two birds were seen about 1 km. along the FH road from TG.

652. Long-tailed Sibia (Heterophasia picaoides) Fairly common at FH.

653. Malaysian Rail-babbler (Eupetes macrocerus) One seen well along the JM trail, beyond the second stream. Bird of the trip.

659. Flyeater (Golden-bellied Gerygone) (Gerygone sulphurea) One seen briefly in the mangroves at KS.

663. Chestnut-crowned Warbler (Seicercus castaniceps) Seen along the Bishop's trail, FH, on two occasions.

664. Yellow-bellied Warbler (Abroscopus superciliaris) Seen fairly regularly at FH, and also along the road up to FH from TG.

* Mountain Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus trivirgatus) One bird seen along the Telecom loop, FH, in a mixed feeding flock.

697. Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia flaviventris) Two seen at KS.

701. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) Seen twice at TN.

702. Dark-necked Tailorbird (Orthotomus atrogularis) Seen regularly at TG.

703. Ashy Tailorbird (Orthotomus sepium) 3 seen at KS.

704. Rufous-tailed Tailorbird (Orthotomus sericeus) 2 seen near KS.

705. Mountain Tailorbird (Orthotomus cuculatus) Seen daily at FH.

718. Lesser Shortwing (Brachypteryx leucophrys) Seen along the Bishop's trail, FH. Others heard singing around FH. A shy and skulking species.

729. Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis) Common at all sites visited.

730. White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus) Seen almost daily at TN.

732. White-tailed Robin (Cinclidium leucurum) Seen on two occasions on the Bishop's trail, FH.

739. Chestnut-naped Forktail (Enicurus ruficapillus) Seen close to streams near the Tabing hide area of TN on most visits.

741. Slaty-backed Forktail (Enicurus schistaceus) Three seen, including a juvenile, in the stream just up from the upper gatehouse, FH.

742. White-crowned Forktail (Enicurus leschenaulti) One seen near the Tabing hide, TN.

* Malayan Whistling Thrush (Myiophoneus robinsoni) One gave excellent views for a few minutes in the stream just up from the upper gatehouse, FH. This species is considered to be Near-threatened by Collar et al. (1994)

781. Rufous-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula solitaris) Seen on three different days at FH, with a max. count of 6 birds one day.

782. Rufous-chested Flycatcher (Ficedula dumetoria) Seen on three different days at TN.

783. Little Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni) Seen along the Telecom loop, FH, on two different days.

790. Grey-headed Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) Recorded on four days at TG and TN.

792. Large Niltava (Niltava grandis) Seen daily at FH.

797. Verditer Flycatcher (Eumyias thalassina) Seen around TG, especially the Resthouse area.

798. Pale Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis unicolor) One seen along KKB road from TG.

(915.) Mangrove Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra) Two gave good views in the mangroves at KS.

802. Hill Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis banyumas) One seen on Telecom loop, FH

805. White-throated Fantail (Rhipidura albicollis) Fairly common at FH.

808. Pied Fantail (Rhipidura perlata) Three seen at KS.

809. Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) Recorded at TN and TG

810. Rufous-winged Flycatcher (Philentoma) (Philentoma pyrhopterum) Seen on four different days at TN, with a max. of three birds in any one day. The JM trail was a good spot for seeing them.

811. Maroon-breasted Flycatcher (Philentoma) (Philentoma velatum) Seen on three different days at TN, with a max. of two birds in any one day.

813. Asian Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) Seen on two different days at TN, with a max. of four birds in any one day.

814. Mangrove Whistler (Pachycephala grisola) One seen in the mangroves at KS.

821. Philippine Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis) Seen at KKB and KS and also at TN, around the resort area.

832. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) A common bird of open areas.

833. Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) Seen only at KS.

836. Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) A group of 8 seen from the boat on the way back to Kuala Tembeling from TN.

838. Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis) Two seen at KS.

844. Olive-backed Sunbird (Nectarinia jugularis) One seen at KS.

848. Black-throated Sunbird (Aethopyga saturata) Recorded at TG and FH.

852. Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra) Seen on a few occasions at TN.

854. Long-billed Spiderhunter (Arachnothera robusta) Only one definite sighting, near Kuala Trenggan, TN.

857. Grey-breasted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera affinis) One seen at TN.

858. Streaked Spiderhunter (Arachnothera magna) Seen daily at FH.

863. Yellow-vented Flowerpecker (Dicaeum chrysorrheum) Seen a few times at TG.

867. Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum cruentatum) A juv. was seen daily at The Gap Resthouse. One seen also at KS.

868. Buff-bellied Flowerpecker (Dicaeum ignipectus) Seen a few times at TG.

871. Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) Three seen in the mangroves at KS.

872. Everett's White-eye (Zosterops everetti) Seen on three occasions at TG.

873. Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) Common near human habitation.

883. White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) Seen on a few occasions at FH.

885. Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata) Two seen at KS.

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This page served with permission of the author by Urs Geiser;; August 14, 1998; updated March 22, 2000