Trip Report: Nepal, April 25 - May 27, 2000

Phil and Charlotte Benstead;

This report outlines an independent five week bird-watching trip to Nepal in April/May 2000. We would like to thank Hem Sagar Baral and Carol Inskipp for advice and help and also to Hathan Choudhary, Colin Towe and the Leicester crew and 'Stuart and Vince' for gen and advice in the field.

Sites Visited (25/4 to 27/5)

Chitwan National Park (26/4 to 29/4)

We travelled from Kathmandu, taking a Makalu bus from Kalanki Chowk direct to Meghauli. There is one bus a day, and it leaves at 1355 and arrives about 1900. It cost us NR100 to get to Kalanki Chowk by taxi, and the bus fare is NR110. At Meghauli we headed for Chital Lodge to stay with the famous Jib - an excellent bird guide. Jib charges NR650 per person to guide you around the park and is very good. We gave him a 'shopping list', and he largely fulfilled it - he can find Bengal Florican very easily for example. It costs NR650 to enter the National Park for two days and a great deal of money to stay in the National Park itself. Staying at Meghauli you are committed to walking long distances but can see all the birds if you put in the effort. Late April is considered the best time to visit this site. Large mammals are fairly common in this Park so take great care!

Highlights here for us included; Tiger (1 adult at 20 m whilst we were on foot), Indian Rhinoceros, Bengal Florican (single male), Hooded and Indian Pittas, Sand Lark, Slender-billed Babbler, Pale-chinned Flycatcher, Bristled Grassbird (at least three singing males) and Grey-capped Prinia.

Kosi Barrage (30/4 to 1/5)

We left Meghauli on the 0630 bus to Naranghyat. From here we quickly got a bus through to Kosi Barrage which cost NR170 and takes 6.5 to 7 hours. We stayed with the owners of the big tea shop who have a spare bed (NR50) if you do not mind roughing it a bit. This site looks fantastic, and we would like to get back here in the winter sometime. It was quite quiet when we visited but we still managed to see some excellent stuff.

Highlights included; Ganges River Dolphin (up to 10) feeding in the outflow from the barrage and Baer's Pochard (1). Swamp Francolin occurs here, and we failed to find Hodgson's Bushchat.

Kosi Tappu (1/5 to 3/5)

Time for a bit of luxury, so we opted to spend a couple of days at the tented camp at Kosi Tappu. We booked this in Kathmandu when we arrived through Hem Sagar Baral ( and arranged for the guides to pick us up from Kosi Barrage and take us to the camp. This place is wonderfully situated, with great accommodation and food, and we had a very relaxing time here. The guides here are helpful and know their stuff. As usual it cost NR650 to get a National Park permit to enter. The site was very disturbed however by pre-monsoon repairs to the embankments.

Highlights here included; Wild Buffalo (++), Spot-bellied Pelican (2-3 daily), Swamp Francolin (just two seen), Indian Skimmer (1), Black-bellied Tern (1-2 daily), Bristled Grassbird (2-3 singing males) and Smoky Warbler (one bird around the fish ponds at the tented camp).

Dharan Forest (4/5)

Arranged as a side trip with the guides at the tented camp. It takes about an hour to drive to this site from Kosi Tappu. We spent a morning here and picked up a number of birds not seen elsewhere in Nepal during our trip. Undoubted highlight was the Jerdon's Baza displaying and carrying food over the forest. We travelled back from Kosi Tappu tented camp on 5/5 taking a comfortable early morning bus (booked by staff at the camp) which took 11.5 hours to get to Kathmandu and cost NR250.

Langtang-Gosainkund trek (8/5 to 25/5)

Before you consider trekking do look at the Lonely Planet guide Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya, pay particular attention to health matters and ensure you carry an adequately stocked first-aid kit! All manner of drugs can be bought in Kathmandu (at pharmacies)! We combined the Langtang and Gosainkund treks as many birders do - it offers an excellent selection of birds and is fairly easy going. The trails along the Langtang Valley are well maintained, but those on the Gosainkund trek are rather poor. Pay attention to the effects of altitude; taking it easy on the walk up to Kyangin will pay dividends when it comes to searching for the birds on the hills above the village.

We travelled to Dhaunche by bus from the Kathmandu's "New" bus station. Booked the day before, this cost NR110 and took 8 hours. In Dhaunche we stayed at the Langtang View Hotel and engaged a porter (@NR350/day) to carry our stuff. If you are thinking about hiring a porter it is worth buying a waterproof duffle bag in Kathmandu for all your stuff.

We took it fairly easy, although there were a couple of days that were exceptionally painful, and we followed the itinerary below:

 8/5: Kathmandu to Dhaunche

 9/5: Dhaunche to Syabru

10/5: Syabru to Lama Hotel

11/5: Lama Hotel to Ghora Tabela (3000 m)

12/5: Ghora Tabela to Langtang (3500 m)

13/5: Langtang to Kyangin (3800 m)

14/5: Kyangin (climbed to 4600 m)

15/5: Kyangin to Ghora Tabela

16/5: Ghora Tabela to Lama Hotel

17/5: Lama Hotel to Dursagang (600m above Syabru) - not recommended, hard work!

18/5: Above Dursagang

19/5: Above Dursagang to Sing Gompa

20/5: Sing Gompa to Gosainkund (4450 m)

21/5: Gosainkund to Ghopte

22/5: Ghopte to Thare Pati

23/5: Thare Pati to Kutumsang

24/5: Kutumsang to Chisopani

25/5: Chisopani to Kathmandu.

Langtang (8/5 to 17/5)

We enjoyed reasonable weather during this part of the trek, mostly sunny with occasional short showers in the afternoons. There are plenty of good lodges along this trek, and it can get quite busy on the trail. We opted to sleep at Ghora Tabela (3000 m) on the way up to give ourselves plenty of time to acclimatise. It is possible to walk from Lama Hotel to Langtang in a day, and many people do this. We spoke to people who had done this, and they were generally not in good shape for altitude work once they got to Kyangin on their second day. We on the other hand suffered no symptoms other than breathlessness when walking and difficulty sleeping (due to irregular breathing).

Highlights included; Snow Partridge (above Kyangin), Pied Thrush (pair below Syabru), White-bellied Redstart, Grandala (above Kyangin), Streak-breasted Scimitar-babbler, Grey-bellied Tesia (near Bamboo), Yellow-rumped Honeyguide (single by bees nests across the gorge from Rimche) and Scarlet Finch (two pairs together below Syabru). Also an excellent selection of laughingthrushes and rosefinches.

Gosainkund (17/5 to 25/5)

The weather broke badly during this part of the trek, and from 20/5 we suspected an early start to the monsoon. We were plagued by low cloud and rain for six days. Despite this somehow we managed to see some excellent birds. The lodges and condition of the trail are more basic than on Langtang, but there are fewer people, and the scenery (when you can see it) is fantastic. If you have already done the Langtang trek you should be appropriately acclimatised to work at altitude, otherwise the usual precautionary principles apply.

We saw a number of species here that were not recorded on the Langtang trek. Highlights included; Satyr Tragopan (2 males heard above Dursagang at the usual site plus a male which gave superb views just below Ghopte), Wood Snipe (displaying bird briefly below Thare Pati), Rufous-breasted and White-browed Bush-robins, Gould's Shortwing (a pair between Phedi and Ghopte), Dire-tailed Myzornis (several small groups feeding in flowering rhododendrons in the Ghopte area), Collared Grosbeak (woods just before Sing Gompa) and Red-fronted Rosefinch (pair just after the pass).

Phulchowki (27/5)

We got to this site by taxi (NR600 to the summit from Thamel). Nice site to visit whilst passing through Kathmandu. We saw a few species here that were not encountered on the trek including Spiny Babbler. A site that probably deserves more time than just one day, we intended to visit twice but got rained off in April.

Systematic List

Order and nomenclature follows the OBC checklist (Inskipp et al 1996). The following abbreviations are used: CW Chitwan, KB Kosi Barrage, KT Kosi Tappu, DH Dharan Forest, KV Kathmandu Valley, LG Langtang, GK Gosainkund and PH Phulchowki. Species in square brackets were heard only.


Snow Partridge - Lerwa lerwa
Three birds seen around ruined huts half way up the trail between the two hills near Kyangin.
[Tibetan Snowcock - Tetraogallus tibetanus
Heard only, above Kyangin.
Black Francolin - Francolinus francolinusCW, KT, LG
Swamp Francolin - Francolinus gularis
Only two seen during stay at KT, the embankments were being repaired which meant high levels of disturbance during the day.
[Hill Partridge - Arborophila torqueola LG, GK, PH]
Blood Pheasant - Ithaginis cruentatus
Single female below Thare Pati on 23/5.
Satyr Tragopan - Tragopan satyra
Two males heard above Syabru near clearings but constant disturbance ruled out tracking them down successfully. Superb male seen at close range and apparently unconcerned by our presence below Ghopte on 22/5.
Himalayan Monal - Lophophorus impejanus LG, GK
Red Junglefowl - Gallus gallusCW
Kalij Pheasant - Lophura leucomelanos CW, LG
Indian Peafowl - Pavo cristatusCW
Lesser Whistling-duck - Dendrocygna javanica KB, KT
Bar-headed Goose - Anser indicus KT
Ruddy Shelduck - Tadorna ferruginea CW, KT
Cotton Pygmy-goose - Nettapus coromandelianusKB, KT
Gadwall - Anas strepera KB, KT
Eurasian Wigeon - Anas penelopeKB
Northern Shoveler - Anas clypeataKB
Northern Pintail - Anas acutaKB
Garganey - Anas querquedulaKB, KT
Common Teal - Anas creccaKB
Red-crested Pochard - Rhodonessa rufina KB, KT
Common Pochard - Aythya ferinaKT
Ferruginous Pochard - Aythya nyroca KT
Baer's Pochard - Aythya baeri
Single first-winter male on roadside pools on 1/5.
Common Merganser - Mergus merganser CW
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide - Indicator xanthonotus
Single bird observed at bees nests just below Lama Hotel (across the gorge from Rimche).
White-browed Piculet - Sasia ochracea CW
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker - Dendrocopus canicapillusCW, DH
Brown-fronted Woodpecker - Dendrocopus auricepsLG
Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker - Dendrocopus maceiCW, DH
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrusLG, GK, PH
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker - Dendrocopos cathpariusLG
Darjeeling Woodpecker - Dendrocopos darjellensisGK
Rufous Woodpecker - Celeus brachyurus CW
Lesser Yellownape - Picus chlorolophus CW, DH
Streak-throated Woodpecker - Picus xanthopygaeusKT
Scaly-bellied Woodpecker - Picus squamatusLG, GK
Grey-headed Woodpecker - Picus canusCW, DH, KV
Himalayan Flameback - Dinopium javanenseCW
Black-rumped Flameback - Dinopium benghalenseKT
Greater Flameback - Chrysocolaptes lucidusCW
Great Barbet - Megalaima virens KV, LG, GK, PH
Lineated Barbet - Megalaima lineata DH
Golden-throated Barbet - Megalaima frankliniiLG
Blue-throated Barbet - Megalaima asiatica CW, KB, KT
Blue-eared Barbet - Megalaima australis DH
Coppersmith Barbet - Megalaima haemacephala CW, KB, KT
Great Hornbill - Buceros bicornisCW
Oriental Pied Hornbill - Anthraceros coronatusDH
Indian Roller - Coracias benghalensis KV, CW, KB, KT, DH
Dollarbird - Eurystomus orientalis CW, DH
Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis CW, KT
Stork-billed Kingfisher - Halcyon capensis CW, KB, KT
White-throated Kingfisher - Halycon smyrnensisCW, KT
Pied Kingfisher - Ceryle rudisCW
Blue-bearded Bee-eater - Nyctornis athertoniKV
Green Bee-eater - Merops orientalis CW, KT
Blue-tailed Bee-eater - Merops philippinus CW, KT
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater - Merops leschenaultiCW, DH
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo - Clamator coromandusCW
Common Hawk-cuckoo - Hierococcyx variusCW, LG, GK
Indian Cuckoo - Cuculus micropterus CW, KT, DH
Eurasian Cuckoo - Cuculus canorus CW, KV, LG
Oriental Cuckoo - Cuculus saturatus LG
Lesser Cuckoo - Cuculus poliocephalus LG, GK, PH
Banded Bay Cuckoo - Cacomantis sonneratiCW
Drongo Cuckoo - Surniculus lugubris CW, DH
Asian Koel - Eudynamys scolopacea CW, KB, KT
Green-billed Malkoha - Phaenicophaeus tristisKV
Sirkeer Malkoha - Phaenocophaenus leschenaultiKT
Greater Coucal - Centropus sinensis CW, KB, KT
Lesser Coucal - Centropus bengalensis CW, KT
Alexandrine Parakeet - Psittacula eupatriaCW
Rose-ringed Parakeet - Psittacula krameri CW, KT, KV
Plum-headed Parakeet - Psittacula cyanocephalaCW,
Himalayan Swiftlet - Collocalia brevirostrisLG
Asian palm Swift - Cypsiurus balasiensisKT
Alpine Swift - Tachymarptis melba CW
House Swift - Apus affinis KV
Crested Treeswift - Hemiprocne coronataDH
Collared Owlet - Glaucidium brodei LG
Jungle Owlet - Glaucidium radiatum CW, KT
Spotted Owlet - Athene bramaKT
Rock Pigeon - Columba liviaKV
Snow Pigeon - Columba leuconota LG
Speckled Wood Pigeon - Columba hodgsonii LG, GK
Oriental Turtle Dove - Streptopelia orientalisLG, GK
Spotted Dove - Streptopelia chinensis CW, KB, KT, LG
Eurasian Collared Dove - Streptopelia decaoctoCW, KB
Emerald Dove - Chalcophaps indica CW
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon - Treron bicinctaCW
Wedge-tailed green Pigeon - Treron sphenuraLG, GK
Bengal Florican - Houbaropsis bengalensisCW
Brown Crake - Amaurornis akool CW
White-breasted Waterhen - Amaurornis phoenicurusCW, KB, KT
Ruddy-breasted Crake - Porzana fusca KT
Purple Swamphen - Porphyrio porphyrio KB, KT
Common Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus CW, KT
Common Coot - Fulica atraKB, KT
Wood Snipe - Gallinago nemoricola
Single displaying bird briefly just below Thare Pati on 22/5.
Common Snipe - Gallinago gallinago CW
Spotted Redshank - Tringa erythropus CW
Common Greenshank - Tringa nebularia CW, KB, KT
Green Sandpiper - Tringa ochropus CW, KT
Common Sandpiper - Actitis hypoleucos CW, KB, KT
Temminck's Stint - Calidris temminckii CW, KT
Greater Painted-snipe - Rostratula benghalensisCW
Pheasant-tailed Jacana - Hydrophasianus chirurgusKB
Bronze-winged Jacana - Metopidius indicus KB, KT
Eurasian Thick-knee - Burhinus oedicnemus CW, KT
Great Thick-knee - Esacus recurvirostris
Single on 2/5.
Ibisbill - Ibidorhyncha struthersi
Single on river flats up river from Kyangin on 13/5.
Little Ringed Plover - Charadrius dubius CW, KT
River Lapwing - Vanellus duvaucelli CW
Red-wattled Lapwing - Vanellus indicus CW, KT
Small Pratincole - Glareola lactea CW, KT
Indian Skimmer - Rynchops albicollis
Single resting on sand bar at Kosi Tappu on 3/5. This species is now a scarce bird in Nepal.
Yellow-legged Gull - Larus cachinnans KT
Pallas's Gull - Larus ichthyaetus KT
Black-headed Gull - Larus ridibundusKT
River Tern - Sterna aurantia KT
Little Tern - Sterna albifrons CW, KB, KT
Black-bellied Tern - Sterna acuticaudaKT
Whiskered Tern - Chlidonias hybridus KB, KT
Osprey - Pandion haliaetus CW, KB, KT
Jerdon's Baza - Aviceda jerdoni
Pair displaying and food-carrying over the forest at Dharan on 4/5.
Black Baza - Aviceda leuphotes KT, DH
Oriental Honey Buzzard - Pernis ptilorhynchusCW, KT, DH
Black-shouldered Kite - Elanus caeruleusCW, KT
Black Kite - Milvus migransKV
Lammergeier - Gypaetus barbatus LG, GK
White-rumped Vulture - Gyps benghalensisCW, KT, DH
Himalayan Griffon - Gyps himalayensisLG
Crested Serpent Eagle - Spilornis cheelaCW, DH
Pied Harrier - Circus melanoleucosKT
Crested Goshawk - Accipiter trivigatusDH
Shikra - Accipiter badius KV, CW, KT
Eurasian Sparrowhawk - Accipiter nisusLG
White-eyed Buzzard - Butastur teesaCW
Buzzard spp - Buteo sppLG
Black Eagle - Ictinaetus malayensis KV, GK
Steppe Eagle - Aquila nipalensis KV, CW
Golden Eagle - Aquila chrysaetosLG
Booted Eagle - Hieraatus pennatusGK
Mountain Hawk-eagle - Spizaetus nipalensisGK
Collared Falconet - Microhierax caerulescensDH
Common Kestrel - Falco tinnunculusLG
Peregrine Falcon - Falco peregrinusCW
Little Grebe - Tachybaptus ruficollisKB
Great Crested Grebe - Podiceps cristatusKB
Darter - Anhinga melanogaster KB, KT
Little Cormorant - Phalacrocorax nigerKB
Great Cormorant - Phalacrocorax carboCW
Little Egret - Egretta garzettaCW, KB
Grey Heron - Ardea cinereaKB, KT
Purple Heron - Ardea purpureaCW, KB
Great Egret - Casmerodius albaCW, KB
Intermediate Egret - Mesophoyx intermediaCW
Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibisKV, KT
Indian Pond Heron - Ardeola grayiiCW, KB
Little Heron - Butorides striatus CW, KB, KT
Black-crowned Night-heron - Nycticorax nycticoraxKB, KT
Yellow Bittern - Ixobrychus sinensisKB, KT
Cinnamon Bittern - Ixobrychus cinnamomeusCW, KT
Black-headed Ibis - Threshkiornis melanocephalusnear KT
Black Ibis - Pseudibis papillosaCW, KT
Eurasian Spoonbill - Platalea leucorodiaKT
Spot-billed Pelican - Pelecanus philipensisKT
Asian Openbill - Anastomus oscitans CW, KB, KT
Woolly-necked Stork - Ciconia episcopus CW, DH
Black-necked Stork - Ephippiorhynchus asiaticusKT
Lesser Adjutant - Leptoptilos javanicusCW, KB, near KT
Hooded Pitta - Pitta sordidaCW
Indian Pitta - Pitta brachyuraCW
Golden-fronted Leafbird - Chloropsis aurifronsDH
Orange-bellied Leafbird - Chloropsis hardwickiiLG, PH
Brown Shrike - Lanius cristatusKB, KT
Long-tailed Shrike - Lanius schachCW
Grey-backed Shrike - Lanius tephronotusKT, LG
Eurasian Jay - Garrulus glandariusLG
Yellow-billed Blue Magpie - Urocissa flavirostrisLG, GK
Rufous Treepie - Dendrocitta vagabundaKV, CW, KT
Spotted Nutcracker - Nucifraga caryoctactesLG, GK
Red-billed Chough - Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxLG
Yellow-billed Chough - Pyrrhocorax graculusLG
House Crow - Corvus splendensKV, KB
Large-billed Crow - Corvus macrorhynchos CW, KT, LG
Common Raven - Corvus coraxLG
Ashy Woodswallow - Artamus fuscusCW, KB
Eurasian Golden Oriole - Oriolus oriolusCW, KT
Black-hooded Oriole - Oriolus xanthornusCW, KT, DH
Maroon Oriole - Oriolus trailliiLG
Large Cuckooshrike - Coracina maceiCW, DH
Black-winged Cuckooshrike - Coracina melaschistosDH
Small Minivet - Pericrotus cinnamomeusCW
Long-tailed Minivet - Pericrotus ethologusLG
Short-billed Minivet - Pericrotus brevirostrisDH
Scarlet Minivet - Pericrotus flammeusCW, DH
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike - Hemipus picatusDH
Yellow-bellied Fantail - Rhipidura hypoxanthaGK, PH
White-throated Fantail - Rhipidura albicollisCW, KT, DH
Black Drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus KV, KB, KT, LG
Ashy Drongo - Dicrurus leucophaeus KT, LG
White-bellied Drongo - Dicrurus caerulescensCW
Bronzed Drongo - Dicrurus aeneusDH
Spangled Drongo - Dicrurus hottentotus CW, DH
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo - Dicrurus paradiseusDH
Black-naped Monarch - Hypothymis azureaCW, DH
Asian Paradise-flycatcher - Terpsiphone paradisiCW, KT
Common Iora - Aegithina tiphiaCW, KT, DH
Large Woodshrike - Tephrodornis gularisDH
Common Woodshrike - Tephrodornis pondicerianusDH
Brown Dipper - Cinclus pallasiiLG
Blue-capped Rock Thrush - Monticola cinclorhynchusLG, GK, PH
Blue Whistling Thrush - Myophoneus caeruleusKV, LG, GK
Pied Thrush - Zoothera wardiiLG
Orange-headed Thrush - Zoothera citrinaCW
Long-tailed Thrush - Zoothera dixoniGK
Scaly Thrush - Zoothera daumaLG, GK
Tickell's Thrush - Turdus unicolorGK
White-collared Blackbird - Turdus albocinctus
Nest found above Dursagang on 18/5, 1 metre off ground in rotten stump on a steep slope, moss nest lined with grass contained three eggs.
Grey-winged Blackbird - Turdus boulboul LG, PH
Gould's Shortwing - Brachypteryx stellata
Male singing beside trail just before Ghopte on 21/5, accompanied by another bird, presumably a pair.
Dark-sided Flycatcher - Muscicapa sibirica LG
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher - Ficedula strophiataLG, GK
Red-throated Flycatcher - Ficedula parvaCW
Snowy-browed Flycatcher - Ficedula hyperythraLG
Ultramarine Flycatcher - Ficedula superciliarisGK, PH
Verditer Flycatcher - Eumyias thalassinaLG, GK, PH
Small Niltava - Niltava macgrigoriaeLG
Rufous-bellied Niltava - Niltava sundaraLG, GK, PH
Pale-chinned Flycatcher - Cyornis poliogenysCW, DH
Pygmy blue Flycatcher - Muscicapella hodgsoniGK
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher - Culicicapa ceylonensisLG
White-tailed Rubythroat - Luscinia pectoralisLG
Bluethroat - Luscinia svecicaCW
Indian Blue Robin - Luscinia brunnea LG, GK, PH
Orange-flanked Bush Robin - Tarsiger cyanurusLG
Golden Bush Robin - Tarsiger chrysaeusGK
White-browed Bush Robin - Tarsiger indicusGK
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin - Tarsiger hyperythrusGK
Oriental Magpie Robin - Copsychus saularisKV, CW, DH
White-rumped Shama - Copsychus malabaricusCW, DH
Black Redstart - Phoenicrurus ochrurusCW
Blue-fronted Redstart - Phoenicrurus frontalisLG, GK
White-capped Water Redstart - Chaimarronis leucocephalusLG, GK
Plumbeous Water Redstart - Rhyacornis fuliginosusLG, GK
White-bellied Redstart - Hodgsonius phaenicuroidesLG
White-tailed Robin - Myiomela leucuraLG
Grandala - Grandala coelicolorLG, GK
Little Forktail - Enicurus scouleriLG
Black-backed Forktail - Enicurus immaculatusCW
Spotted Forktail - Enicurus maculatusLG
Common Stonechat - Saxicola torquataCW, LG
White-tailed Stonechat - Saxicola leucuraCW
Pied Bushchat - Saxicola caprataCW
Grey Bushchat - Saxicola ferrea KV, LG, GK, PH
Chestnut-tailed Starling - Sturnus malabaricusCW, KB, KT, DH
Brahminy Starling - Sturnus pagodarumKT
Asian Pied Starling - Sturnus contraCW, KB
Common Myna - Acridotheres tristisCW, KB
Bank Myna - Acridotheres ginginianusCW
Jungle Myna - Acridotheres fuscusKV, KT
Hill Myna - Gracula religiosaCW
Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch - Sitta castaneaCW, DH
White-tailed Nuthatch - Sitta himalayensisLG, PH
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch - Sitta frontalisCW, DH
Eurasian Treecreeper - Certhia familiaris
Pair feeding young in nest above Kyangin on 13/5.
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper - Certhia nipalensis
Single bird observed collecting food.
Winter Wren - Troglodytes troglodytesLG
Rufous-vented Tit - Parus rubidiventrisLG, GK
Coal tit - Parus aterGK
Grey-crested Tit - Parus dichrous
Feeding young in nest above Syabru on 18/5.
Great Tit - Parus majorCW, DH, KV
Green-backed Tit - Parus monticolusLG, GK, PH
Black-lored Tit - Parus xanthogenysKV, LG, GK
Black-throated Tit - Aegithalos concinnusLG, GK, PH
Rufous-fronted Tit - Aegithalos iouschistosLG, GK
Plain Martin - Riparia paludicolaCW, KT
Barn Swallow - Hirundo rusticaKT
Red-rumped Swallow - Hirundo dauricaKV, DH
Asian house Martin - Delichon dasypusGK
Nepal house Martin - Delichon nipalensisLG
Black-crested Bulbul - Pycnonotus melanicterusCW, DH
Red-whiskered Bulbul - Pycnonotus jocosusCW, KT, DH
Himalayan Bulbul - Pycnonotus leucogenysKV, LG
Red-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus caferKV
Black Bulbul - Hypsipetes leucocephalusLG, GK
Zitting Cisticola - Cisticola juncidisCW, KT
Striated Prinia - Prinia crinigerLG, GK
Grey-crowned Prinia - Prinia cinereocapillaCW
Grey-breasted Prinia - Prinia hodgsoniiCW
Graceful Prinia - Prinia gracilisKT
Yellow-bellied Prinia - Prinia flaviventrisCW
Ashy Prinia - Prinia socialisCW
Plain Prinia - Prinia inornataCW
Oriental White-eye - Zosterops palpebrosusCW, GK
Chestnut-headed Tesia - Tesia castaneocoronataLG, PH
Grey-bellied Tesia - Tesia cyaniventer
Several singing just above Bamboo on 10/5 and 17/5.
Pale-footed Bush Warbler - Cettia pallidipesCW
Aberrant Bush Warbler - Cettia flavolivaceaGK
Grey-sided Bush Warbler - Cettia brunnifronsGK
Blyth's Reed Warbler - Acrocephalus dumetorumCW, KT
Clamorous Reed Warbler - Acrocephalus stentoreusKT
Common Tailorbird - Orthotomus sutoriusKV, CW
Smoky Warbler - Phylloscopus fuligiventerKT
Tickell's Leaf Warbler - Phylloscopus affinisLG, GK
Buff-barred Warbler - Phylloscopus pulcherLG, GK
Ashy-throated Warbler - Phylloscopus maculipennisLG, GK, PH
Lemon-rumped Warbler - Phylloscopus chloronotusLG, GK
Greenish Warbler - Phylloscopus trochiloidesKT, DH, LG, GK
Blyth's Leaf Warbler - Phylloscopus reguloidesLG, GK, PH
Golden-spectacled Warbler - Seicercus burkiiLG, GK, PH
Grey-hooded Warbler - Seicercus xanthoschistosKV, LG, PH
Chestnut-crowned Warbler - Seicercus castaneicepsLG, GK
Black-faced Warbler - Abroscopus schisticepsLG, GK
Striated Grassbird - Megalurus palustrisKB, KT
Bristled Grassbird - Chaetornis striatus
Two to three singing males noted at each site clustered together in suitable habitat.
Rufous-rumped Grassbird - Graminicola bengalensisCW
White-throated Laughingthrush - Garrulax albogularisLG, GK
Greater necklaced Laughingthrush - Garrulax pectoralisCW
Striated Laughingthrush - Garrulax striatusLG, PH
Spotted Laughingthrush - Garrulax ocellatusGK
Streaked Laughingthrush - Garrulax lineatusLG, GK
Scaly Laughingthrush - Garrulax subunicolor
Single bird between Ghopte and Thare Pati on 22/5.
Variegated Laughingthrush - Garrulax variegatusLG, GK, PH
Black-faced Laughingthrush - Garrulax affinisLG, GK
Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush - Garrulax erythrocephalusPH
Puff-throated Babbler - Pellorneum ruficepsCW
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler - Pomatorhinus erythrogenysLG
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler - Pomatorhinus ruficollisLG
Scaly-breasted Wren Babbler - Pnoepyga albiventerGK
Striped Tit-babbler - Macronous gularisCW, DH
Chestnut-capped Babbler - Timalia pileataCW
Spiny Babbler - Turdoides nipalensis
Four birds seen well just below the halfway huts.
Striated Babbler - Turdoides earleiCW, KB, KT
Slender-billed Babbler - Turdoides longirostrisCW
Jungle Babbler - Turdoides striatusCW, KT
Chestnut-tailed Minla - Minla strigulaLG, GK
Rufous-winged Fulvetta - Alcippe castanecepsPH
White-browed Fulvetta - Alcippe vinipectusLG, GK, PH
Rufous Sibia - Heterophasia capistrataLG, GK, PH
Whiskered Yuhina - Yuhina flavicollisLG, GK, PH
Stripe-throated Yuhina - Yuhina gularisLG, GK
Rufous-vented Yuhina - Yuhina occipitalisLG, GK
White-bellied Yuhina - Yuhina zantholeucaCW
Fire-tailed Myzornis - Myzornis pyrrhouraGK
Rufous-winged Bushlark - Mirafra assamicaCW, KT
Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark - Eremopteryx griseaKB
Sand Lark - Calandrella raytalCW, KT
Oriental Skylark - Alauda gulgulaCW
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker - Dicaeum ignipectusLG
Purple Sunbird - Nectarina asiaticaKB, KT
Mrs Gould's Sunbird - Aethopyga gouldiaeLG, GK, PH
Crimson Sunbird - Aethopyga siparajaCW
Fire-tailed Sunbird - Aethopyga ignicaudaLG, GK
House Sparrow - Passer domesticusKV
Eurasian Tree Sparrow - Passer montanus KV, LG
Chestnut-shouldered Petronia - Petronia xanthocollisCW
White-browed Wagtail - Motacilla maderaspatensisCW
Citrine Wagtail - Motacilla citreolaCW
Grey Wagtail - Motacilla cinereaLG
Paddyfield Pipit - Anthus rufulusCW,
Olive-backed Pipit - Anthus hodgsoniLG, GK
Rosy Pipit - Anthus roseatusCW, LG
Upland Pipit - Anthus sylvanusGK
Alpine Accentor - Prunella collarisGK
Rufous-breasted Accentor - Prunella strophiataLG, GK
Black-breasted Weaver - Ploceus benghalensisCW, KT
Baya Weaver - Ploceus philippinusCW, KT
White-rumped Munia - Lonchura striataCW
Scaly-breasted Munia - Lonchura punctulataCW, KT
Black-headed Munia - Lonchura malaccaKT
Plain Mountain Finch - Leucosticte nemoricolaLG, GK
Dark-breasted Rosefinch - Carpodacus nipalensisLG, GK
Common Rosefinch - Carpodacus erythrinusLG
Beautiful Rosefinch - Carpodacus pulcherrimusLG
Pink-browed Rosefinch - Carpodacus rodochrousLG
Spot-winged Rosefinch - Carpodacus rodopeplusLG, GK
White-browed Rosefinch - Carpodacus thuraGK
Red-fronted Rosefinch - Carpodacus puniceusGK
Scarlet Finch - Haematospiza sipahi
Two pairs feeding together in trees below Syabru on 17/5.
Red Crossbill - Loxia curvirostraGK
Red-headed Bullfinch - Pyrrhula erythrocephalaLG
Collared Grosbeak - Mycerobas affinisGK
White-winged Grosbeak - Mycerobas carnipesGK
Crested Bunting - Melophus lathamiLG
Yellow-breasted Bunting - Emberiza aureolaCW


Small Indian MongooseKV, KT
Indian RhinocerosCW
Wild PigCW
Indian HareCW
Common LangurCW, DH, LG
Rhesus MacaqueCW, DH
JackalCW, KB, KT
Gangetic DolphinKB
Wild Water BuffaloKT
Indian Giant SquirrelDH
Musk DeerLG
Mainland SerowLG
Pika sppLG, GK

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This page served with permission of the author by Urs Geiser;; August 7, 2000, updated August 8, 2000