Birding Factoids

327 species 
in 41 families

No endemics
18 endangered species
18 speciality species
3 week trip expectation -
about 225 species



Checklist of Mongolian BirdsTours and GuidesEco-LodgesSpeciality BirdsMap and General Information
Mongolia Specialities
Swan Goose - ENDANGERED - Photo copyright Koji Tagi
Photo copyright Koji Tagi
Little Curlew - Photo copyright Don Roberson
Photo copyright Don Roberson
Oriental Stork - Photo copyright Kim Hyun-Tae
Photo copyright Kim Hyun-Tae
White-naped Crane - ENDANGERED - Photo copyright Koji Tagi
Photo copyright Koji Tagi
Far Eastern Curlew - THREATENED - Photo copyright Tom and Marie Tarrant
Photo copyright Tom and Marie Tarrant

    ....The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance:

      Mongolia. Includes information on:
      • Ayrag Nuur. A shallow, freshwater lake in the Mongolian Great Lakes Basin.
      • Har Us Nuur National Park
      • Mongol Daguur
      • Ogii Nuur. A freshwater lake located in the valley of the

      • Orkhon River 
      • Terhiyn Tsagaan Nuur. A freshwater and nutrient-poor lake formed by volcanic activity, located in the Suman River valley in the Central Khangai Mountains. 
      • Valley of Lakes (Boon Tsagaan Nuur, Taatsiin Tsagaan Nuur, Adgiin Tasgaan Nuur, Orog Nuur)
    ....Directory of Wetlands of International Importance - downloadable
      information (Word 95/6.0 and MS-DOS text versions) on a number of wetlands referenced in the annotated RAMSAR list.
    ....Gün-Galuut Nature Reserve -  At the Nature Reserve tourists can see
      and take pictures of endangered animals such as wild Mountain sheep-Argali the Big Horns from the closest distance and do bird watching of many species of rare waterbirds such as White-napped crane, Siberian White Crane, Black stork, Asian pond heron, Whooper swan, Swan Goose… from our provided best "Bird observatory"spots with telescopes.
    ....Nature in Mongolia - The world of birds is very varied. The forests are
      inhabited by mountain ouzel, blackbird, wood grouse and black grouse; the rivers and lakes abound in water-fowl, including the white swan, the pelican and the cormorant. 
    ....Mongolia's Wild Heritage - Like few places in the world, Mongolia
      possesses a great range of natural ecosystems within its borders. It is a transition zone, where the flora and fauna of Siberia meet the very different species of the deserts and and steppes of Central Asia.
    ....Best Places to Watch Birds - from Where to watch birds in Asia  - 
      by Nigel Wheatley
      • Ulaan Baatar - the capital city is located at the southern ege of the Taiga and a few good birds can be seen it its vicinity
      • Terelj - The broadleafed and coniferous forests around Terelj, which is situated at 1600 m in the Hentiy Mountains northwest of Ullan Baator support a fine selection of Siberian and eastern Palearctic Birds.
      • Khujirt to Boon Tsagaan Nuur - The lake dotted steppe and desert between Khujirt and Boon Tsagaan Nuur, a large lake, support a superb selection of little known birds, not least Relict Gull and Mongolian Accentor
      • Bayanzag, near the South Gobi Tourist Camp at Dalanzadgad, is a site famous to fossil-hunters for dinosaur remains, and well-known to birders as the haunt of the endangered Saxaul Sparrow
      • The town of Ulgyi in west Mongolia is the best base from which to explore the Kobdo Delta, Har Us Nuur (Black Water Lake), the Zabkhan River, the Turgen Ul Mountains and the lowlands around the Urgen Nuur lake, which supports some very localized and little known birds, including Relict Gull, White-throated BushChat, and Mongolian Ground-Jay.

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Tours and Guides

>>>>> A Birding Pal is not a paid guide, but someone who likes to help out of town visitors. You can become a Birding Pal today! Help someone to enjoy your local birding spots and find a pal to help you when you travel. Click here for Mongolian Birding Pals, or join to be a Birding Pal!
Daaurian Redstart - Photo copyright Koji Tagi
Photo copyright Koji Tagi
    **..Mongolia with Victor Emanuel Nature Tours (VENT). A vast, open
      landscape that expands the horizon, the "land of the blue sky" hosts a fascinating, ancient horse-people, descendants of the great warlord Genghis Khan. Outside the capital, Ulaan Baatar, you begin to wonder if you have stepped into another century, and as such it remains one of the last great adventure destinations in Asia. You will stay in tented camps as you range from bird-rich grasslands to the towering crags of the Gobi Altai. 
      • June 01 - June 21, 2002 (21.0 days - Limit 10) with leader Peter Kennerley
      VENT offers nearly 140 tours to over 100 land-based destinations each year and is the largest tour company in the world specializing in birding and natural history.


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Siberian Rubythroat - Photographer Unknown


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Endemics and Specialities

in Mongolia

Information on endemics and specialities is derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists and bird distribution lists in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.05, supplemented by material found in Where to watch birds in Asia  - by Nigel Wheatley. Asian speciality birds, while not endemic, are those that can only be found in three or less countries of Asia. Information on endangered birds is derived from the IUCN Red List, Birdlife International, and supporting data bases developed by Ian Patton, of Merlin Species Watcher.  The endemic, endangered and speciality birds may be uncommon, extremely rare vagrants, may be extirpated in the country now or may only be present in migration. However, documented sightings of each species noted below have been made in Mongolia. 

Endemics in Mongolia
Endangered Birds in Mongolia
(endemics are printed in bold italic)

Breeding Birds

Non-Breeding Birds

___ Corn Crake
___ Dalmation Pelican
___ Ferruginous Pochard
___ Great Bustard
___ Greater Spotted Eagle
___ Lesser Kestrel
___ Pallas's Fish-Eagle
___ Red-crowned Crane
___ Swan Goose
___ White-headed Duck
___ White-naped Crane
___ White-throated Bush-Chat
___ Baer's Pochard
___ Baikal Teal
___ Hooded Crane
___ Imperial Eagle
___ Oriental Stork
___ Siberian Crane

Other Speciality and Near-endemic Birds in Mongolia
(adapted from Where to watch birds in Asia  - by Nigel Wheatley.)

___ Altai Snowcock
___ Azure Tit
___ Black-billed Capercaille
___ Demoiselle Crane
___ Great Black-headed Gull
___ Grey-capped Greenfinch
___ Mongolian Accentor
___ Mongolian Ground-Jay
___ Mongolian Lark
___ Oriental Plover
___ Pallas's Sandgrouse
___ Pere David's Snowfinch
___ Relict Gull
___ Saxaul Sparrow
___ Siberian Jay
___ Siberian Rubythroat
___ Swinhoe's Snipe
___ Ural Owl

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