Birding Factoids

638 species
in 53 families

84 of the 246 species 
endemic to 
North America are 
represented here. 
No endemic species. 

    General Canada
Checklist of Canadian BirdsSpeciality BirdsPrint and Other ResourcesMap
Common Loon - Canadian National Bird - Photo by Don Baccus
Photo copyright Don Baccus
    ....Birding in Canada - also includes checklists for a wide variety of ....Bird Studies Canada (BSC) - conducts and promotes
      studies of avian distribution, abundance and population changes and their underlying causes; communicates the results to the public; and generates information in support of the conservation of Canadian birds and their habitats.
    ....Canadian Peregrine Foundation - Peregrine falcons made history in
      Ontario in 1995 when two pairs successfully nested and raised young, in Toronto and in Hamilton. Since then, more urban sites have been established throughout Ontario and the rest of Canada. Now more questions are being raised about the long-term survival of the peregrine falcon (anatum subspecies). The Canadian Peregrine Foundation is dedicated to providing whatever means are necessary to continue studying, documenting and protecting this species, not just in Ontario but throughout Canada.
    ....Western Atlantic Shorebird Alliance - Monitor shore bird migration! 
      WASA was set up to provide an international forum for all those involved in the study and management of shorebirds on the West Atlantic Flyway. After a meeting of experts from Federal, State and Non-profit organizations in September 1998 it was concluded that the numerous efforts to research and monitor shorebirds and to manage human impact on their habitat should be integrated in a more meaningful way, one that would avoid data duplication and could be used for management purposes.
    ....Watching Birds in Canada - by Margo Hearne. There's something
      very grand about Saskatchewan, from the endless rolling plains to the southern Cypress Hills, vast acres stretch to the horizon. Herds of buffalo and antelope once wandered these exotic prairies. Much of the land is now under the plough, however, the sense of illustrious emptiness remains.
    ....Neornithes - Living Birds of the World - A Data Bank of the living
      and known birds of the world, structured according to the conventional classification system. It enables the retrieval of a wide range of information  from the taxonomic hierarchy: Order, Family, Genus, Specie and Subspecie, and makes provision for retrieval other classifications such as common names (English and Italian),   geographical distribution of species and subspecies, the taxonomic notes and the european species and the world numbers (w.n.) according to the numerical system used by the American Ornithologist Union.

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North American Specialities in Canada

Canada does not have any endemics. The following table identifes birds that cannot
be found outside continental North America and the combination of countries
in which they are found. Information was derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists
in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.02. Species printed in blue are endangered.



___ Bachman's Sparrow 
___ Baird's Sparrow 
___ Blue Grouse 
___ Bullock's Oriole 
___ Carolina Chickadee 
___ Chestnut-backed Chickadee 
___ Fish Crow 
___ Grey-Crowned Rosy-Finch 
___ Harris's Sparrow 
___ Le Conte's Sparrow 
___ Northwestern Crow 
___ Pileated Woodpecker 
___ Red-Bellied Woodpecker 
___ Red-legged Kittiwake 
___ Ruffed Grouse 
___ Scott's Oriole 
___ Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed
___ Sparrow 
___ Smith's Longspur 
___ Spotted Towhee 
___ Spruce Grouse 
___ Western Scrub-Jay 
___ White-headed Woodpecker 
___ White-tailed Ptarmigan
___ Anna's Hummingbird 
___ Bendire's Thrasher 
___ Bewick's Wren 
___ Black Oystercatcher 
___ Black-capped Vireo 
___ Black-chinned Hummingbird 
___ Black-headed Grosbeak 
___ Black-throated Sparrow 
___ Black-vented Shearwater 
___ Brandt's Cormorant 
___ Brewer's Sparrow 
___ Broad-billed Hummingbird 
___ California Gull 
___ Calliope Hummingbird 
___ Canyon Wren 
___ Cassin's Auklet 
___ Cassin's Finch 
___ Cassin's Sparrow 
___ Chestnut-collared Longspur 
___ Clark's Grebe 
___ Clark's Nutcracker 
___ Common Poorwill 
___ Cordilleran Flycatcher 
___ Costa's Hummingbird 
___ Ferruginous Hawk 
___ Grey Flycatcher 
___ House Finch 
___ Lewis's Woodpecker 
___ McCowns Longspur 
___ Mew Gull
___ Mountain Bluebird 
___ Mountain Chickadee 
___ Mountain Plover 
___ Mountain Quail 
___ Nelson's Sharp-Tailed Sparrow 
___ Phainopepla 
___ Prairie Falcon 
___ Pygmy Nuthatch 
___ Red-breasted Sapsucker 
___ Red-naped Sapsucker 
___ Red-Shouldered Hawk 
___ Sage Sparrow 
___ Sage Thrasher 
___ Say's Phoebe 
___ Scott's Oriole 
___ Seaside Sparrow 
___ Sharp-tailed grouse 
___ Spotted Owl 
___ Timberline Sparrow 
___ Townsend's Solitaire 
___ Trumpeter Swan 
___ Tufted Titmouse 
___ Western Bluebird 
___ Western Grebe 
___ Western Gull 
___ Western Screech-Owl 
___ Whooping Crane
___ Williamson's Sapsucker 
___ Xantus's Hummingbird 
___ Xantus's Murrelet

24 Specialities

60 Specialities

Canada's Endangered Species

Breeding Birds


___ Eskimo Curlew
___ Kirtland's Warbler
___ Mountain Plover
___ Piping Plover
___ Whooping Crane
___ Spoonbill Sandpiper

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Print and Other Resources

on Canadian Birds and Birding

(logos and links take you to on-line locations where you can order/purchase these resources)

AMAZON.COM is the registered trademark of, Inc.
A small portion of your purchase price for any books purchased by following links from this site will go toward supporting the maintenance and development costs of this site.
    ....Check out Books of a Feather - Which field guide is best for you? By
      Robert Winkler for a comparative review of North American Field Guides.
    ....National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America ....The Sibley Guide to Birds - by David Allen Sibley. The beautiful 
      watercolor illustrations (6,600, covering 810 species in North America) and clear, descriptive text place Sibley and his work squarely in the tradition of John James Audubon and Roger Tory Peterson; more than a birdwatcher and evangelizer, he is one of the foremost bird painters and authorities in the U.S. Descriptive passages on identification are more detailed than those in most other field guides. Slightly larger than the National Geographic guide, it's less portable than most field guides and will likely spend more time in cars and desks than on a birder's person while in the field. 
    ....A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada - by J.C. Finlay. Paperback 
      (February 2001). Editor J. Cam Findlay has drawn on the expertise of birders from every region of the country to tell you what birds to look for and where to find them across each province and territory, including major cities as well as national, provincial and municiapal parks and, for the very adventurous, the wilderness of the high Arctic.
    ....A Field Guide to Western Birds : A Completely New Guide to Field 
      Marks of All Species Found in North America West of the 100th Meridian and North of Mexico - by Roger Tory Peterson (Illustrator). Paperback - 431 pages (1990). Often called the birdwatcher's "bible," Roger Tory Peterson's Field Guides revolutionized bird identification and started a series of books on everything from Atmosphere to Wildflowers. It is still one of the best tools for bird identification, especially for those just learning how to recognize different birds.
    ....A Field Guide to the Birds : A Completely New Guide to All the Birds
      0f Eastern and Central North America (Peterson Field Guides) - by Roger Tory Peterson. Paperback 4th edition (June 1998). The updated volume of the bestselling Peterson Field Guide Series features the unique Peterson Identification System covering all birds of eastern and central North America, shown in full color and described in detail. Summer and winter ranges, breeding grounds, and other special range data are shown on 390 complete, easy-to-read range maps.
    ....Stokes Field Guide to Birds: Eastern Region (Stokes Field Guides) - 
      by Donald Stokes, Lillian Stokes (Contributor). Paperback (January 1996). Notable for its numerous identification keys including a quick, full-color visual guide to the most common backyard birds, a quick alphabetical index on the inside covers (as well as a complete one within) and a color tab index to bird groups. Superb color photographs include relevant plumage variations.
    ....Stokes Field Guide to Bird Songs : Eastern Region (Three 
      compact discs and 64-page booklet) - by Donald Stokes, Lillian Stokes, Lang Elliott. (May 1997).  This guide to bird songs covers over 370 species and comes in cassette and compact disc versions, both retailed at the same price.  For some RealAudio samples of ten species soundprints from the Stokes Field Guide to Bird Songs, visit Lang Elliott's website and follow the links for the Stokes Guide.1
    ....Stokes Field Guide to Bird Songs : Western Region - by Kevin 
      Colver, Donald Stokes, Lillian Q. Stokes. (April 1999) This historic collection of 552 species of bird songs and calls contains nearly all bird species likely to be heard in western north America. From Brownsville to Barrow to your own backyard, from ocean waters to desert canyons to arctic tundra, you can now learn the birds you will encounter on nearly any western birding adventure.
    ....Birds of North America : A Guide to Field Identification by Chandler 
      S. Robbins, Bertel Bruun, Herbert Spencer Zim (Contributor). Hardcover - 360 pages (November 1983). This is commonly known as the "Golden" Guide. Brief descriptions and illustrations help to identify 650 species of birds in North America, with information on characteristics, range maps, and song patterns. (There are particularly nice sections on comparative head patterns for sparrows and warblers - Tina)
    ....The Birder's Handbook : A Field Guide to the Natural History of North
      American Birds;Including All Species That Regularly Breed North of Mexico - by Darryl Wheye (Contributor), Paul R. Ehrlich, David S. Dobkin (Contributor). Paperback - 785 pages  (June 1988). Compact and yet filled with information, this portable encyclopedia of North American bird behavior is a complement to field guides. Learn more about the species you see in the field, and--when in doubt--use this handy reference as another tool for identification.
    ....The Visitor's Guide to the Birds of the Rocky Mountain National ....Birdfinder : A Birder's Guide to Planning North American Trips
      (ABA Birdfinding Guide) - by Jerry A. Cooper, Paul J. Baicich (Editor) Hardcover - 374 pages. Spiral edition (January 1996). A do it yourself guide to birding trips around the country including detailed itineraries. Professionals in the nature tours trade may want to keep this book a secret since it allows anybody to reproduce many of their trips at a significant cost saving.
    ....Where the Birds Are : A Guide to All 50 States and Canada - by 
      John Oliver Jones
    ....Where to go Bird Watching in Canada - by David Stirling 

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