Birding Factoids

453 species
in 51 families

8 endemics
47 speciality species
19 endangered species
3 week trip expectation -
250 species

Checklist of Chile's BirdsTours and GuidesEco-LodgesSpeciality BirdsPrint ResourcesMap and General Country Information

Click here to see Mike Danzenbaker's Chilean Bird Gallery.
Also check out Nick Lowton's 2002 and 2003 Chilean Bird Galleries
Peter Bono's Chile Bird Photos
Michael Rinke's Birds of Southern Latin America
and Juan Tassara's Aves de Chile

Chile Specialities
(Pause your cursor on the photo to see the species name.
Andean Condor - Chile's National Bird - Photo by Martin Reid
Photo copyright Martin Reid
Chilean Flicker - Photo copyright Don DesJardin
Photo copyright Don DesJardin
Scale-throated Earthcreeper - Photo copyright Cliff Buckton
Photo copyright Cliff Buckton
Diademed Sandpiper-Plover - endemic to Chile - Photo by Martin Reid
Photo copyright Martin Reid
Band-tailed (Belcher's) Gull - Photo copyright Jeremy Barker
Photo copyright Jeremy Barker
Ruddy-headed Goose - endemic to Chile - Photo by Martin Reid
Photo copyright Martin Reid
Chilean Mockingbird - endemic to Chile - Photo by Martin Reid
Photo copyright Martin Reid
Chilean Flamingo - VULNERABLE - Photo copyright Juan Tassaro
Photo copyright Juan Tassara
Pink-footed Shearwater - breeds in Chile - Photo copyright Don DesJardin
Photo copyright Don DesJardin
Austral Parakeet - Photo copyright Harald Kocksch
Photo copyright Harald Kocksch
Andean Lapwing - Photo copyright Brian Schmidt
Photo copyright Brian Schmidt
Lake Duck - Photo copyright Juan Tassara
Photo copyright Juan Tassara
Cinereous Conebill - Photo copyright Neotropical Journeys
Photo copyright Neotropical Journeys
Ashy-headed Goose - Photo copyright Cliff Buckton
Photo copyright Cliff Buckton
Magellanic Woodpecker - Photo copyright Alec Earnshaw
Photo copyright Alec Earnshaw
Grey-headed Albatross - ENDANGERED - Photo copyright Tony Palliser
Photo copyright Tony Palliser
    ....Birding Sites in Chile - This site is part of the Birds of Chile website. 
      Few descriptions of birding sites in Chile are available on the web. Information is available on:
      • Sites near Concepcion 
      • Sites near Santiago 
      • Sites near Temuco 
    ....Coastal Chile, Peru and the Humbolt Current - by Angus Wilson. 
      The Humbolt Current brings cold Antarctic water to the surface along the coast of Chile and Peru, supporting an immense fish population which in turn attracts great numbers of seabirds. An exciting host of species are endemic to the Humbolt Current: Humbolt Penguin, Markham's Storm-petrel, Hornby's Storm-petrel, Peruvian Diving-Petrel, Peruvian Pelican, Peruvian Booby, Guanay Cormorant, Red-legged Cormorant, Grey Gull and Band-tailed Gull.
    ....Exploring Chile's National Parks - this site 
      provides brief descriptions of:
      • Juan Fernandez Islands
      • Parque Nacional Torres del Paine
      • Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael
      • Reserva Nacional Cerro Castillo
      • Parque Nacional Chiloe
      • Parque Nacional Quelat
      • Parque Nacional Alerce Andino
      • Parque Nacional Vincente Perez Rosales
    ....Patagonia - Geographic regions and Wildlife -
      site provides information on:
      • Ephemeral Lakes
      • Peninsula Valdez
      • Punta Tombo
      • Los Glaciares National Park
      • Tores Del Peine National Park
      • Central Steppes
    ....Reserva Rio Clarillo - Rio Clarillo reserve is near Pirque, south of
      the main part of Santiago.
    ....Birding in Conception - Conce is a good base to visit nearby 
      well know sites such as Laguna del Laja (near Los Angeles) and Cordillera Nahuelbuta (near Angol).
    ....Parque Nacional Cerro Ñielol - Cerro Ñielol National Park is situated
      right in the city of Temuco, and can be reached by taxi or bus.
    ....Nahuel Huapi National Park - The most important
      feature of this National Park is its diversity of habitats, such as the large lake and river system, the sub-antartic and valdivian cold forests, the dry steppes, lowland forest undergrowth and high andean ranges that host an interesting native flora and fauna.
    ....Rio Cruces Nature Sanctuary  - The history of this wetland goes 
      back to 1960, when the biggest ever recorded earthquake occurred in Valdivia. A vital wetland habitat for thousands of waterfowl and waders was formed. 
    ....Map of Argentina and Chile Parks - links to
      information on:
      • Lauca National Park
      • Fray Jorge
      • Araucaria
      • Chiloé National Park
      • Lake District / Chile
      • Torres del Paine National Park
      • Laguna San Rafael National Park
      • Cerro Castillo National Reserve
      • Riacuteo Simpson National Reserve
      • Tamango National Reserve
    ....Wetlands of La Puna - At an altitude of 3,500 - 4,000m, La Puna or 
      the High Andean Plateau of the Central Andes, is shared by Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru. It is a cold, desert region with intense solar radiation and strong winds which cause extreme temperature variations. Yet in the middle of this desert landscape, the greatest explosion of life is without a doubt associated with the lakes and 'salares'; the great variety and number of birds, many of them endemic to La Puna, is particularly striking.(This is case study #1, part way down the page)
    ....Tierra del Fuego - Located on the southern tip of 
      South America, Tierra del Fuego extends over 35,000km2 including Isla Grande as well as islands and archipelagos to the south of the Strait of Magellan. Along the coast and in the marine sectors, there are large sandy and stony beaches, numerous fjords, inlets and bays with wetlands which are highly variable in terms of salinity, and with luxuriant algae and peatlands surrounding them. Islands and fjords particularly in the exposed sector possess a large concentration and diversity of marine bird species. This is case study #2, further down the page).
    ....Chili - Directory of Wetlands of International Importance
      includes information on all Chili's Ramsar designated sites, including:
      • Carlos Anwandter Sanctuary
    ....Birding Trip Report - Argentina & Chile 2000 - by Jan Van Bulck. 
      Although we didn't go to Argentina and Chile for birding only, we took any opportunity to spot those birds and we ended up with about 130 species. All the areas we visited offered wonderful birding opportunities. These are some spots (follow the links in the navigation bar for more information) we'll always remember: 
      • Torres Del Paine - Chile
      • Los Glaciaras National Park - Argentina
      • Peninsulla Valdez - Argentina
      • Iguazu National Park - Argentina
      • Los Esteros Del Ibera - Argentina
    ....Trip Report: Isla Robinson Crusoe Travel Diary - Oct 2 - 8, 2001.
      By James Owenby. Nature presents many mysteries.  Some four million years ago, a small archipelago arose 670 km (415 mi) west of South  America, off the central coast of present-day Chile.  Because they are volcanic in origin, these islands have never been connected to the continent.  Yet living there today is a hummingbird, the Juan Fernandez Firecrown - descendant of    wayfaring hummers that somehow managed to cross this expanse of ocean. 
    ....1996 Grand Chile Trip Report - by Alvaro Jaramillo.
      This commercial trip report provides information on a possible iotinerary and the likely birds to be found inthe various locations. See also 1997 Trip Report.
    ....Trip Report - Chile - January/February, 1999. By Dave Hanford. 
      This entertaining trip report, in addition to providing a full bird list, and information on the sites visited, give a real sense of what travelling around Chile as an independent birder would be like. 
    ....Birdwatching in Bolivia and Chile - August, 1999. By Erik MØlgaard,
      Jesper Meedom & Ulrik Andersen, Danish Ornithological Society, Birdlife, Denmark. (NOTE: this is a downloadable report in WORD format from the Danish Ornithological Society´s website). In August 1999, the excursions committee of the Copenhagen chapter of the Danish Ornithological Society (DOF) carried out its first tour to Bolivia. The tour was designed to give the participants a good coverage of the most typical habitats and of the biodiversity of the country. The time of the year was selected to minimize the amount of rain and here we actually succeeded too well - we didn’t have any rain on the entire tour and the very dry conditions kept the bird song at a minimum and was probably part of the reason we missed quite a few of the species normally associated with Bolivia. See also Part 2 and Part 3.
    ....Trip Report: Chile - 30 October - 20 November 1999 - by Peter Browne.
      I am a keen, long-time, listing birder, and Han is just getting into the sport.  I  had wanted to visit Chile (my 100th country) for many years, mainly because of the chance to see six families of birds which were missing from my life list: Diving-Petrels, Magellanic Plover, Seedsnipes, Sheathbills, Tapaculos, and Plantcutters. 
    ....Trip Report - Conception, Chile - November, 2000 - by Eric Toorman. 
      This report is the result of approximately 15 hour birding in the Concepcion area. I briefly visited the Concepcion area from 18 until 25 November 2000 within the framework of my work.The period of the year is late spring, when most birds are relatively quiet because of breeding activity. 
    ....Trip Report: Chile and Argentina - 7 October – 26 November 2000. By
      Jon Hornbuckle. To fill the major gap in my South American list, I decided to visit Chile and most of Argentina (having already been to Iguazu). I started in Córdoba, then spent 6 full days in NW Argentina, before taking a bus across the Andes to northern Chile where I met up with 3 other stalwarts from South Yorkshire: Phil Gibson, Andy Marshall and Graham Speight. We then covered the whole of Chile, in 4 stages over 3 weeks, after which Andy and I bussed across to southern Argentina for the last leg of the trip. We were to have been joined by a third birder for the last part but as he had to drop out, we   cut it short by omitting Ushuaia and Corrientes. The birding was very successful, especially in Chile where I hardly missed anything I        hoped to see, thanks to a lot of help and a good team. 
    ....Trip Report: Chile - November 7 to December 5. With Barry Wright,
      Neil Bostock, Keith Turner, Simon Colnutt and Matin Honeybun. Chile has much to offer the visiting birder, with spectacular scenery; excellent roads and internal air network and above all a host of fantastic birds and endemic species. Veterans of South America will still find that Chile is a must, with many species restricted to southern South America reasonably common and easy to see here. In comparison to Argentina the avifauna is similar and the two countries may be incorporated on a single trip in order that all habitats are well covered ornithologically. 
    ....Trip Report: Chile, 9 November – 24 November 2002 - by Gruff Dodd. 
      Chile was a destination which Sara and I had fancied for many years – the combination of good birding with lots of Chilean and Patagonian endemics, and a modern infrastructure combined with superb scenery added up to a total experience which seemed hard to beat. Our appetites were whetted further by a visit to Ecuador in September 2001, our first South American trip, which included some high altitude Andean birding.
    ....Chile Trip Reports - a number of additional Chilean trip reports are
      available from Blake Maybank's "Birding the Americas: Trip Report and Trip Planning Repository". 
    ....Chile Trip Reports - you can find Chile trip reports on John
      Girdley's BirdTours website by following the South America/Chile link from the main page.
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Tours and Guides

>>>>>> A Birding Pal is not a paid guide, but someone who likes to help out of town visitors. You can become a Birding Pal today! Help someone to enjoy your local birding spots and find a pal to help you when you travel. Click here for Chilean Birding Pals, or join to be a Birding Pal!
Slender-billed Parakeet - endemic to Chile - Photo by Martin Reid
Photo copyright Martin Reid
Torrent Duck - Photo copyright Ruud and Kitty Kampf
Photo copyright Ruud and Kitty Kampf
Long-tailed Meadowlark - Photo copyright Don DesJardin
Photo copyright Don DesJardin
Magellanic Penguin - Photo copyright Peter and Barbara Barham
Photo copyright Peter and Barbara Barham
    **..Birding Alto Andino - Naturalist Guide Service & Wildlife Tours
      in Chile's High Andes. Slow, thorough, naturalist-led tours offer clients the opportunity to observe puna birds and wildife of the saline lakes, cushion bogs, tola grasslands, and Polylepis woodlands of the Chilean altiplano. With a focus on the natural history of a slice of the Andes from Arica through the 4 altiplano wilderness areas of northern Chile, Birding Alto Andino is located in Chile near the Peruvian border, in the Aymaran pueblo of Putre about 135 km east of Arica by road.  Birding Alto Andino is the only tour company located within the province of Parinacota, (the most northeastern province of Chile), which contains Parque Nacional Lauca, Reserva Nacional Las Vicuñas, and Monumento Natural Salar de Surire. The year-round tours and guide service concentrate on the natural history and birds of the Region of Tarapacá, Chile's northernmost group of provinces. 
    ....Chile Birding with Hualamo Nature Tours. Hualamo is a Chilean
      company specialized in birdwatching and natural history tours. The operations center, Santa María Lodge, is located in the heart of the Cruces River Nature Sanctuary, one of the most important reproductive sites for Black-necked Swans in the world, as well as many other bird species. Here you will start your journey of exploration into the wonderful nature of the Lake District on southern Chile.
    **..Birding Chile with Birding in Peru - If you are an avid birder looking 
      for a quality and amazing birding tour experience in Peru, Bolivia or Chile, we have that birding trip for you. We cover all birding areas of these countries. The classic tour of Chile - South Americas longest country, never more than 200 kilometers wide but a staggering 4000 kilometers long, and a superb introduction to its Neo-tropical birds. This is a comprehensive tour with domestic flights to enable us to cover this extensive country. The scenery is spectacular to say the least and with good accommodations and food plus excellent world famous Chilean wines - this trip is a must... This trip concentrates on Chilean endemics and near-endemics. Travel with us and we will ensure that you have the most complete birding experience ever with expert neo-tropical bird tour leaders!
    **..Chile Pre-trip with Victor Emanuel Nature Tours (VENT) - The Chile 
      Post-Trip offers the unique opportunity to bird the Andes, providing excellent chances of seeing an Diademed Sandpiper-Plover. This brief tour will begin with an excursion into the Andes east of Santiago to an area which provides an ideal introduction to Chile's birds. This trip is a post-trip to the main cruise: Antarctica, South Georgia & The Falklands (January 17-February 4, 2003). 
      • Chile Pre-trip  (January 16 - February 4, 2003) 6 days - limit 12. With leader Michel Sallaberry. 
    **..Chilewith Victor Emanuel Nature Tours (VENT) - The mild climate,
      semiarid landscape, matorral-covered hillsides, Eucalyptus groves, and rocky coastline in the central portion of Chile are very much like those of southern California. This is where a wealth of austral (southern) birds can be found on a fairly regular basis. And, this is also where the cold waters of the near-shore Humboldt Current offer some of the finest pelagic birding on earth, including the opportunity for several species of albatross.
      • Chile -  November 09 - November 24, 2002 (16 days - Limit 14) with Victor Emanuel, Barry Lyon and Claudio Vidal.
      • Chile -  November 08 - November 23, 2003 (16 days - Limit 14) with Victor Emanuel, Barry Lyon and Claudio Vidal.

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Dolphin Gull - Photo copyright Ruud and Kitty Kampf
Photo copyright Ruud and Kitty Kampf


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Endemics and Specialities

in Chile

Moustached Turco - Photo copyright Nick Lowton
Photo copyright Nick Lowton
Information on endemics and specialities is derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists and bird distribution lists in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.5, supplemented by material found in Where to Watch Birds in South America - by Nigel Wheatley. South American speciality birds, while not endemic, are those that can only be found in three or less countries of South America. Information on endangered birds is derived from the IUCN Red List, Birdlife International, and supporting data bases developed by Ian Patton, of Merlin Species Watcher.  The endemic, endangered and speciality birds may be uncommon, extremely rare vagrants, may be extirpated in the country now or may only be present in migration. However, documented sightings of each species noted below have been made in Chile. 
Endemics in Chile
___ Chestnut-throated Huet-Huet
___ Chilean Mockingbird
___ Chilean Tinamou
___ Crag Chilia
___ Mustached Turca
___ Chilean Seaside Cinclodes
___ Slender-billed Parakeet
___ White-throated Tapaculo
Endangered Birds in Chile

Breeding Birds

Non-Breeding Birds

___ Andean Flamingo
___ Austral Canastero
___ Austral Rail
___ Chilean Woodstar
___ Defillipi's Petrel
___ Horned Coot
___ Juan Fernandez Firecrown
___ Markham's Storm-Petrel
___ Masafuera Rayadito
___ Peruvian Diving-Petrel
___ Pink-footed Shearwater
___ Puna Flamingo
___ Ringed Storm-Petrel
___ Tamarugo Conebill
___ Slender-billed Finch
___ White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant 
___ White-vented Storm-Petrel
___ Eskimo Curlew
___ Westland Petrel

Other Speciality and Spectacular Birds in Chile
(from Where to Watch Birds in South America - by Nigel Wheatley. with additions from Martin Reid)

___ Andean Condor
___ Andean Flamingo 
___ Andean Avocet 
___ Band-tailed Earth-creeper 
___ Black-throated Huet-Huet 
___ Black Siskin
___ Burrowing Parrot
___ Chucao Tapaculo 
___ Creamy-rumped Miner
___ Defilippe's Petrel
___ Diademed Sandpiper-Plover 
___ Dolphin Gull 
___ Dusky Tapaculo
___ Dusky-tailed Canastero
___ Giant Coot 
___ Greater Yellow-Finch
___ Grey-breasted Seedsnipe 
___ Hooded Grebe
___ Humboldt Penguin 
___ Inca Tern 
___ Least Seedsnipe 
___ Lesser Rhea 
___ Magellanic Diving-Petrel 
___ Magellanic Oystercatcher 
___ Magellanic Penguin 
___ Magellanic Plover 
___ Magellanic Woodpecker
___ Peruvian Diving-Petrel
___ Peruvian Sheartail 
___ Peruvian Tern
___ Puna Flamingo
___ Puna Plover 
___ Ruddy-headed Goose 
___ Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe
___ Rufous-chested Dotterel
___ Rufous-tailed Hawk
___ Rufous-tailed Plantcutter 
___ Snowy-crowned Tern 
___ Spectacled Duck
___ Stejneger's Petrel
___ Tawny-throated Dotterel
___ Thick-billed Siskin
___ Torrent Duck 
___ Two-banded Plover 
___ White-bellied Seedsnipe
___ White-tailed Hillstar
___ White-throated Treerunner

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Print and Other Resources on Birds

and Birding in Chile

(logos and links take you to on-line locations where you can order/purchase these resources)
AMAZON.COM is the registered trademark of, Inc.
A small portion of your purchase price for any books purchased by following links from this site will go toward supporting the maintenance and development costs of this site.
Chimango Caracara - Photo copyright Eric Van Poppel
Photo copyright Eric Van Poppel
    ....A Guide to the Birds and Mammals of Coastal Patagonia - by
      Graham Harris (Illustrator), William Conway. This is the first guidebook to the birds and mammals of the coastal region of Patagonia, a vast area at the southern tip of South America. This guide describes the 185 species of birds and 61 species of mammals known to inhabit the land and sea along two thousand miles of the Patagonian coast, from Peninsula Valds to the Strait of Magellan. 
    ....Birds of Chile/Aves de Chile: Illustrated in Color - by Sharon R.
      Chester. This book supplements the 1993 field guide by Araya and Chester. It was designed to fit into a binocular case or pocket, and is printed on heavy stock with a plastic cover to withstand field use. Twenty-nine color plates drawn by the author illustrate over three hundred common bird species of mainland Chile.
    ....The Rough Guide to Chile - by Melissa Graham, Richard Danbury. 
      Seen in the pages of an atlas, the country's outline strikes you as aberrant and fantastical: almost 4000km in length (the equivalent of Scotland to Nigeria), and with an average width of just 180km, the very idea of it seems absurd. Once on Chilean soil, however, these boundaries make perfect sense, and visitors quickly realize that Chile is a geographically self-contained unit. 
    ....Lonely Planet Chile & Easter Island (Chile and Easter Island, 
      5th Ed) - by Wayne Bernhardson. With 86 maps, whether you seek outdoor or urban adventures, this guide has what you need to eat, sleep, speak, and experience the finest Chile has to offer. Also included are details for travel to the Falkland Islands and Antarctica.
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