Birding Factoids

287 species
in 48 families

15 of the 58 Caribbean speciality species are 
represented here. 
7 endangered species
28 endemics

Checklist of Jamaica BirdsTours and GuidesEco-LodgesSpeciality BirdsMap and General Country Information
Jamaica Specialities
Doctorbird or Red-billed Streamertail - National Bird of Jamaica - Photo copyright Allen Chartier
Photo copyright Allen Chartier
Jamaican Oriole - Photo copyright Ronald Orenstein
Photo copyright Ronald Orenstein
Vervain Hummingbird - Photo copyright Eladio Fernandez
Photo copyright Eladio Fernandez
Rufous-throated Solitaire - Photo copyright Larry Master
Photo copyright Larry Master
Jamaican Tody - Photo copyright Allen Chartier
Photo copyright Allen Chartier
    ....Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park - It is a land of 
      superlatives: the tallest mountains -- higher than any in the eastern United States, mountains so tall they serve as beacons for migratory birds.
    ....The Parrots of Cockpit Country - June 1998 - Herlitz Davis, a graduate
      student in biology at Jamaica's University of West Indies, knows well the twists, turns, and steep climbs of a 12-mile trail that cuts through the forests of "Cockpit Country," the largest wild area on the island. According to the Gosse Bird Club, the area shelters plant and animal species found no where else on the island.
    ....Birdwatching in Jamaica - Jamaica is the home of over 200 species of 
      birds, with approximately 25 of these native to the island. Many of the birds in Jamaica are closely linked to the various species in Central America. The best time for bird watching in Jamaica is early morning or late afternoon though there are quite a few known birding spots in Jamaica. See another site on Birdwatching in Jamaica.
    ....Rocklands Bird Sanctuary - This privately owned reserve is a must for
      birders (the rest can probably live without it). Doves, finches, and other feathered creatures eat right off your hands. See also this site.
    ....St. Elizabeth, Jamaica - this site provides directions and brief 
      information about the Mangrove Swamps of the Black River, St Elizabeth, and the Fonthill Wildlife Sanctuary.
    ....Jamaica - Fauna & Flora
    ....Cruise Ship Birding in Jamaica - with Arlene Ripley
    ....Trip Report: Jamaica and Puerto Rico - June 29 to July 20 1997. 
      By George Dremeaux. We chose the Caribbean for our family summer vacation this year essentially for these reasons: a healthy assortment of new birds, some good snorkeling, a change in culture and enough points of interest to keep the four of us happy. See also the Annotated Bird List.
    ....Jamaica Trip report -- Part I - by Gail Mackiernan. "Doctorbird,
      Mountain Witch and Wild Pine Sergeant" - Jamaica is blessed with more endemics than any other Caribbean nation, from 26 to 29 depending on whose taxonomy you follow, and in our quest to see all the West Indian birds it was our natural next stop after Puerto Rico in 1994. Armed with books, maps, bird tapes, trip reports and a copy of Craig's Travelin' Jimmy Buffett tape, along with a few changes of clothes and our bins, we were ready! See also Part 2.
    ....Jamaica Trip Report: November, 1997 - by Stephen Greenfield &
      Kit Hansen. Being an island, Jamaica has fewer species than an equal area on the mainland, but there is much of interest, and it has more endemic species than Hispaniola or Cuba, which are 7 and 10 times the size. 
    ....Jamaica Trip Reports - a number of Jamaica trip reports are available
      from Blake Maybank's "Birding the Americas - Trip Report and Trip Planning Repository". 
    ....Jamaica Trip Reports - you can find Jamaica trip reports on John
      Girdley's BirdTours website by following the Caribbean/Jamaica link from the main page.

Choose another countryChoose another continentAdd or change a URL

Top of Page

Tours and Guides

>>>>> A Birding Pal is not a paid guide, but someone who likes to help out of town visitors. You can become a Birding Pal today! Help someone to enjoy your local birding spots and find a pal to help you when you travel. Click here for Jamaican Birding Pals, or join to be a Birding Pal!
Olive-throated Parakeet - Photo copyright Eladio Fernandez
Photo copyright Eladio Fernandez

Jamaican Mango - ENDEMIC - Photo copyright David Massie

Photo copyright David Massie
    ....Black River Safari Tours Limited - Black River, Jamaica. Experience 
      nature's unspoiled Southcoast wonderland by taking the trip of a lifetime on a tranquil jungle river! You will be fascinated by the sight of several of the 100 species of exotic birds which have been identified in these unspoiled wetlands.
    **..Birding Jamaica with Amazilia Tours - The major interest of 
      birding  trips to the West Indies resides in the endemic species( 28 in Jamaica !), but we sure will not overlook, the other Caribbean endemics and near endemics species. Jamaica supports around 265 species. This mountainous island is surrounded by beautiful beaches and cliffs. The interior of the country, with its rugged landscape once most entirely forested is now covered with plantations and remnant wet limestone and montane rainforest. With a passion for birds and the experience acquired through exploring these regions for the past 15 years, Amazilia Tours offers you a trilingual guiding experience during your birding trip to the Neotropics. Good field knowledge is essential to maximize the number of observed bird species during the bird tour that you have chosen.
    **..Jamaican Birding with Neotropical Journeys - The tours and programs
      offered by Neotropical Journeys are designed to visit destinations with rich avifaunas, outstanding wildlife, wilderness and cultural significance at their seasonal best. Neotropical Journeys is actively involved in regional and local conservation projects and organizes tours aimed to raise funds for bird and nature conservation. 

    **..Birding Cuba and Jamaica - with Birdfinders Holidays. February 26 -

      March 14, 2003. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and while it cannot claim to possess the most endemics (Jamaica is the richest in this respect), it certainly attracts the most controversy and interest. For birders it is the haunt of such little-known species as Zapata Rail and the perhaps-extinct Ivory-billed Woodpecker. While this tour will certainly not encompass a visit to the area where the latter was last seen (which requires a mini-expedition to reach), chances of seeing the former are very real (though, like any rail, never guaranteed). All of the other currently recognised 20+ endemics should be readily seen within the course of our itinerary. Prior to this we take a short journey through Jamaica where a new suite of endemics, most of them easily located, are on offer.
    **..Jamaica with Victor Emanuel Nature Tours (VENT) - Jamaica offers 
      an enchanting new experience with 29 endemic bird species - more than any other island of comparable size in the world. On previous trips we have almost always seen all 29, plus most of the more than 17 Jamaican subspecies, and many other Caribbean endemics! In addition to fantastic birds, butterflies, lizards, plants and other wildlife, there is spectacular scenery: dark green, rain-forest-clad mountains swooping down to sparkling, aqua-blue ocean waters lined with dense mangroves and wetlands. 
      • Jamaica - March 24 - March 30, 2003 (7.0 days - Limit 14) with leader Robert Sutton
      VENT offers nearly 140 tours to over 100 land-based destinations each year and is the largest tour company in the world specializing in birding and natural history.

Choose another countryChoose another continentAdd or change a URL

Top of Page



Jamaican Woodpecker - Photo copyright Ronald Orenstein
Photo copyright Ronald Orenstein
    ....Sonrise Beach Retreat - A unique and affordable Eco-Tourism
      experience awaits visitors to this secluded 18 acre Tropical Nature Reserve Resort/Sanctuary surrounded by thousands of acres of undeveloped coastal paradise to explore! Far from the hustle and crowds of tourists, Sonrise is one of Jamaica's first true Eco-Tourism developments on one of the last unspoiled untouched stretches of Jamaica's north coast. 


Choose another countryChoose another continentAdd or change a URL

Top of Page

Caribbean Specialities in Jamaica

Information derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.5.
Information on endangered birds is derived from the IUCN Red List, Birdlife International, and supporting
data bases developed by Ian Patton, of Merlin Species Watcher. An international checklist system
was required to enable world-wide country to country comparisons.These speciality birds may be uncommon,
or extremely rare at this location, or may only be present in migration. However, documented sightings of
each species noted below have been made in Jamaica. Species printed in red are extinct.

Jamaica Endemics

___ Arrowhead Warbler
___ Black-billed Parrot
___ Blue Mountains Vireo
___ Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo
___ Crested Quail-Dove
___ Jamaica Petrel
___ Jamaican Becard
___ Jamaican Blackbird
___ Jamaican Crow
___ Jamaican Elaenia
___ Jamaican Euphonia
___ Jamaican Lizard-Cuckoo
___ Jamaican Macaw
___ Jamaican Mango
___ Jamaican Owl
___ Jamaican Pewee
___Jamaican Poorwill
___ Jamaican Tody
___ Jamaican Vireo
___ Jamaican Woodpecker
___ Olive-throated Parakeet
___ Orangequit
___ Ring-tailed Pigeon
___ Rufous-tailed Flycatcher
___ Sad Flycatcher
___ Streamertail
___ White-chinned Thrush
___ White-eyed Thrush
___ Yellow-billed Parrot
___ Yellow-shouldered Grassquit
Caribbean Endemic Specialities in Jamaica

___ Antillean Nighthawk 
___ Antillean Palm-Swift
___ Blue-headed Quail-Dove 
___ Cuban Pewee
___ Greater Antillean Bullfinch 
___ Greater Antillean Elaenia
___ Greater Antillean Grackle 
___ Loggerhead Kingbird
___ Plain Pigeon 
___ Rufous-throated Solitaire
___ Scaly-naped Pigeon
___ Stolid Flycatcher 
___ Stripe-headed Tanager
___ Vervain Hummingbird 
___ West Indian Whistling Duck

Endangered Birds in Jamaica
(endemics are shown in bold italic)

Breeding Birds

Non-Breeding Birds

___ Black-billed Parrot
___ Jamaica Petrel
___ Jamaica Poorwill
___ Plain Pigeon
___ Ring-tailed Pigeon
___ West Indian Whistling Duck
___ Piping Plover

Choose another countryChoose another continentAdd or change a URL

Top of Page